Districts of Turkmenistan

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Districts of Turkmenistan
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The districts of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: etraplar, sing. etrap) are territorial entities below the regions of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: welaýatlar, sing. welaýat). They may be either counties or cities. By Turkmen law, "...such cities must have population over 30,000 and be the administrative center of a province (welaýat); headed by a presidentially appointed häkim." Though this officially limits the number of such cities to five (the number of provinces), in reality other cities are periodically accorded the status of a district. As of 5 January 2018, 34 cities in Turkmenistan enjoyed the status of districts, including the five provincial (welaýat) centers. One city, the capital city of Ashgabat, enjoys the status of a province.[1]

Two cities in Turkmenistan feature subordinate etraplar, best translated into English as "boroughs" to distinguish them from municipal districts without their own governments, which are also called etraplar in Turkmen (but are called микрорайоны in Russian). Ashgabat has four boroughs and Turkmenbashy has two. The heads of the districts Turkmen: häkim, translated as "governor" for districts of a welaýat and "mayor" for boroughs of a city, are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80-81).

List of districts by first-level entity[edit]

Aşgabat City[edit]

See also Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar):[2][3][4][5][6][7]

  1. Bagtyýarlyk etraby (formerly President Niyazov, Lenin District, expanded to include former Ruhabat District plus new territory)
  2. Berkararlyk etraby (formerly Azatlyk, Sovetskiy District)
  3. Büzmeýin etraby (formerly Abadan District, expanded to include former Arçabil and Çandybil Districts)
  4. Köpetdag etraby (formerly Proletarskiy District)

This number is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.

Ahal Province[edit]

  1. Ak Bugdaý (formerly Gäwers)
  2. Babadaýhan
  3. Bäherden (formerly Baharly)
  4. Gökdepe
  5. Kaka
  6. Sarahs
  7. Tejen[8][9]

Balkan Province[edit]

  • County Districts:
  1. Bereket (previously Gazanjik)
  2. Esenguly
  3. Etrek (previously Gyzyletrek)
  4. Magtymguly (previously Garry Gala)
  5. Serdar (previously Gyzylarvat)
  6. Türkmenbaşy
  1. Awaza etraby
  2. Türkmenbaşy şäheri[10][11][12][9]

Daşoguz Province[edit]

See also Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province

  1. Akdepe
  2. Boldumsaz
  3. Görogly (formerly Tagta)
  4. Gubadag
  5. Gurbansoltan Eje (formerly Ýylanly)
  6. Köneurgenç
  7. S.A. Nyýazow (formerly Dashoguz/Dashowuz)
  8. Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy[13][9][14]

Lebap Province[edit]

  1. Çärjew (formerly Türkmenabat/Serdarabat)
  2. Dänew (formerly Galkynyş)
  3. Darganata (formerly Birata)
  4. Döwletli
  5. Farap
  6. Halaç
  7. Hojambaz
  8. Kerki (formerly Atamyrat)
  9. Köýtendag (formerly Çarşaňňy)
  10. Saýat[15][9]

Mary Province[edit]

  1. Baýramaly
  2. Garagum
  3. Mary
  4. Murgap
  5. Oguzhan (formerly Nyýazow)
  6. Sakarçäge
  7. Serhetabat (formerly Gushgy)
  8. Tagtabazar
  9. Türkmengala
  10. Wekilbazar
  11. Ýolöten[16][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Türkmenistanyň Mejlisi (2010–2018). "Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy". Türkmenistanyş Mejlisiniň Karary. Ashgabat. This document is reproduced online at https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Districts_in_Turkmenistan.
  2. ^ "Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Меджлис Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ашхабада". 6 January 2018.
  6. ^ "В Туркменистане изменились административные границы Ашхабада и Ахалского региона". 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 8 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ахалского велаята". 5 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Административно-территориальное деление Туркменистана по регионам по состоянию на 1 января 2017 года".
  10. ^ According to Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy Turkmenbashy is divided into Turkmenbashy city proper and the Awaza borough, which consists of the Awaza National Resort Zone plus an administrative center and bedroom community a short distance away. The portion of Turkmenbashy not in the Awaza borough is colloquially referred to as the Kenar borough (Kenar etraby), after the former village of Kenar that was annexed by Turkmenbashy city.
  11. ^ "Балканский велаят: административно-территориальные изменения". 27 May 2016.
  12. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ МЕДЖЛИСА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА Об административно-территориальных вопросах Балканского велаята". 27 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province]".
  14. ^ "Изменения в административно-территориальном делении Дашогузского велаята (Changes in the Administrative-Territorial Division of Dashoguz Province)". 17 June 2016.
  15. ^ "Внесены изменения в административно-территориальное деление Лебапского велаята". 27 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Административно-территориальные изменения Марыйского велаята". 24 July 2016.

External links[edit]