Ditangquan

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Ditangquan
地趟拳
Also known as Ground Tumbling Boxing, Ground Prone Fist,[1] Ground Fist[2]
Focus Striking, weapons training
Country of origin China China
Creator Hui Kai
Famous practitioners Zheng Yishan
Zhuang Zishen
Zhuang Xicong
Parenthood Dishuquan
Descendant arts Chuōjiǎo, Góuquán
Olympic sport Wushu (sport)

Ditangquan, (Chinese: 地趟拳, literally "ground tumbling boxing") is a category of martial art that originated in the Shandong Province of China during the Song Dynasty (960–1279).

History[edit]

According to the Quanzhou Ditangquan Fa style, a Dishuquan practitioner monk by the name of Hui Kai, a fellow of Sui Yue (also a Dishuquan practitioner) from the White Lotus temple, taught the art of Ditangquan Fa (Ground sequences Canine Methods) to Zheng Yishan. Zheng Yishan taught very few students but the main proponent of the art was Zhuang Zishen.[3]

Characteristics[edit]

The major characteristic of ditangquan is the ability to perform tumbles, falls, turns, leg skills, somersaults and aerial acrobatics using those techniques for both offense and defense.[4]

Since the time of its origin, this martial art has spread throughout China and has been incorporated into other martial arts styles.

Although ditangquan exists as a traditional style, extant versions of it were unknown to the Chinese modern wushu coaches and players of the 1970s; as a result, a "new" version of Ditangquan was created based on the tumbling techniques of monkey and drunken styles, but without the characteristic monkey or drunken movements.[5] Today, traditional versions of Ditangquan can still be found included as parts of other styles, such as in chuojiao, or as separate martial arts, such as Fujian góuquán (dog style); in the traditional styles, there is less emphasis on tumbling and more emphasis on attacking and defending while falling on the ground. In modern wushu, however, the "new" ditangquan remains a common style used in competition today.

Styles[edit]

Examples of the varieties of Ditangquan that now exist include, among others:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Hill (2010). World of Martial Arts!. Lulu.com. ISBN 0-557-01663-0. 
  2. ^ Shou-Yu Liang & Wen-Ching Wu (2001). Denise Breiter-Wu, ed. Kung Fu Elements: Wushu Training and Martial Arts Application Manual. Way of the Dragon Publishing. ISBN 1-889659-17-7. 
  3. ^ Sensei/Renshi Nathan Chlumsky (2015). Inside Kungfu: Chinese Martial Arts Encyclopedia. Lulu.com. ISBN 1-329-11942-8. 
  4. ^ Lim SK (2013). Origins of Chinese Martial Arts. Asiapac Books Pte Ltd. ISBN 981-3170-31-X. 
  5. ^ Where Wushu Went Wrong, Origins of Modern Ditang.

External links[edit]