Dithakong

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Dithakong
A hut in Dithakong
A hut in Dithakong
Dithakong is located in Northern Cape
Dithakong
Dithakong
Dithakong is located in South Africa
Dithakong
Dithakong
Coordinates: 27°05′S 23°51′E / 27.083°S 23.850°E / -27.083; 23.850Coordinates: 27°05′S 23°51′E / 27.083°S 23.850°E / -27.083; 23.850
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceNorthern Cape
DistrictJohn Taolo Gaetsewe
MunicipalityJoe Morolong
Area
 • Total12.15 km2 (4.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,691
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African99.4%
 • Indian/Asian0.3%
 • Other0.3%
First languages (2011)
 • Tswana96.3%
 • Other3.7%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
PO box
8604
"The town of Leetakoo", 1801 painting
by
Samuel Daniell

Dithakong is the name of a place east of Kuruman in the Northern Cape, South Africa, which had been a major destination for several of the earliest nineteenth century expeditions from the Cape to the interior of the subcontinent. In colonial literature the name is often rendered in such ways as Litakun, Litakoo, or Lattakoo.

The nineteenth century Tswana town[edit]

At the time of the 1801 Truter-Somerville Expedition Dithakong was an important BaTlhaping (BaTswana) capital under Kgosi ('Chief') Molehebangwe. Significant accounts of this first expedition were left by, amongst others, William Somerville and John Barrow, with well-known watercolour illustrations by Samuel Daniell. Kgosi Mothibi, son of Molehebangwe, had succeeded as leader of the BaTlhaping by the time that William Burchell visited there in 1811.

The early traveller accounts refer to an impressively large town consisting of mud houses, traces of which have yet to be located archaeologically.[2]

The Battle of Dithakong in 1823 was part of the conflict and upheavals ending a period of strife referred to in the interior as the Difaqane, and is subject to debate following Cobbing's critique of once orthodox views of the Mfecane as a period of conflict generated by Zulu expansion.[3]

Dithakong was later subjected to bombardment by colonial forces (under Charles Warren) suppressing a Tswana uprising in 1878.

The earlier stone walled settlement[edit]

On adjacent hills are stone walled ruins, also referred to as Dithakong (in fact the name means 'place of ruins'), about which Somerville enquired in 1801. The BaTlhaping claimed not to have known who had made or lived in this earlier town.[2] Archaeological investigations have established Tswana affinities in this earlier settlement (itself showing more than one episode of development) which includes features indicative of frontier complexity at this south-western edge of Tswana expansion.[4]

Modern Dithakong[edit]

Dithakong today is a local centre in the Joe Morolong (formerly Moshaweng) Municipality of the John Taola Gaetsewe District Municipality.

Dithakong is the birthplace of Matthews Batswadi, the first black South African athlete to be awarded national sporting colours, known as Springbok Colours, after the institutionalisation of Apartheid by the Nationalist Party government following its election victory in 1948. Batswadi was born in the village in 1949 and has lived there ever since retiring from work at the Beatrix Gold Mine in the Free State and from active competition in 1986. He was awarded Springbok Colours in 1977 after racial discrimination was removed from the constitution of the then controlling body, the South African Amateur Athletics Union, thereby allowing blacks to receive national sporting colours.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Dithakong". Census 2011.
  2. ^ a b Morris, D. 1990. Dithakong. In Beaumont, P. & Morris,D. 1990. Guide to archaeological sites in the Northern Cape. Kimberley: McGregor Museum
  3. ^ Cobbing, J. 1988. The Mfecane as Alibi: Thoughts on Dithakong and Mbolompo. Journal of African History, 29; Beck, R.B. Slavery in South Africa: Captive Labor on the Dutch Frontier
  4. ^ Maggs, T. 2004. Litakun. In Morris, D. & Beaumont, P. (eds). Archaeology in the Northern Cape: some key sites. Kimberley: McGregor Museum.
  5. ^ Richard Mayer, Three Men Named Matthews - Memories of the Golden Age of South African Distance Running and its Aftermath. (Johannesburg: Red Lion Press, 2009), pp. 37-38

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Dithakong at Wikimedia Commons