Dithiobiuret is an organosulfur compound with the formula HN(C(S)NH2)2. It is a colourless solid that is soluble in warm water and polar organic solvents. It is a planar molecule with short C-S and C-N distances (1.69, 1.38 Å, resp.) indicative of multiple C-S and C-N bonding.
The compound can be viewed as the product from the condensation of two molecules of thiourea, but it is prepared by treatment of 2-cyanoguanidine with hydrogen sulfide. The conversion proceeds via guanylthiourea:
- NCNC(NH2) + H2S → HN(C(S)NH2)(C(NH)NH2)
- HN(C(S)NH2)(C(NH)NH2) + H2S → HN(C(S)NH2)2
- Williams, KD; Porter, WR; Peterson, RE (1982). "Dithiobiuret metabolism in the rat". Neurotoxicology. 3 (4): 221–31. PMID 6820683.
- Dithiobiuret at www.chemicalbook.com.
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