Division Street Bridge (Rhode Island)
Division Street Bridge
Division Street Bridge in 2008; old I-95 Pawtucket River Bridge noted in the rear
|Location||Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA|
|Architect||Cushing & Co.; Foster, Horace|
|NRHP Reference #||83003810 |
|Added to NRHP||November 18, 1983|
The Division Street Bridge is an historic roadway and sidewalk stone arch bridge in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, carrying Division Street over the Seekonk River. The structure was built in 1875-1877 at a cost of USD$95,000. It is a nine-span stone and brick bridge with a total length of about 450 feet (140 m), making it the "finest and longest" stone-arch bridge in the state. It is said to be a symbolic icon of the unity of the two neighborhoods, which are divided by the river, coming together as the Town of Pawtucket. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Although it may be "functionally obsolete" relative to traffic patterns and in need of repairs, it is considered to be architecturally and historically significant.
The Division Street Bridge is a nine-span stone and brick structure, with a total length of about 450 feet (140 m).[A] Each of its spans consists of a segmented arch of about 50 feet (15 m) in length. The road bed is 27 feet (8.2 m) wide, and there are 7-foot (2.1 m) sidewalks on either side. The mean height of the bridge above the water is 45 feet (14 m). The piers of the bridge are constructed of coursed granite ashlar and the voussoirs are dressed granite with single keystones. The spandrels, the space between the arches, are filled with mortared granite rubble, and the arch barrels are constructed with an estimated 550,000 bricks. The original roadway was made of granite blocks, the seams of which were filled with tar, but this has been modified with modern asphalt paving and with the piers being modified with the addition of reinforced concrete sheathing for the river piers. The iron walkways, produced by Crowell and Sisson, project over both the sides of the bridge with iron brackets.
Constructed from 1875-77 at a cost of USD $95,000, the details of the bridge's construction and its architect are unknown. A contemporary account states that the need for the bridge was first proposed in 1871, but it wasn't until a town meeting on March 1, 1875 that it would be decided upon in a vote. A commission to oversee the project included C. B. Farnsworth, William T. Adams, and William R. Walker, and the contract was awarded to Horace Foster.[B] A local architect, William R. Walker was on the town's committee, but his role in the design or appearance of the bridge is unknown. Other figures involved in the construction of the bridge include Cushing and Company, later known as Cushing and Shedd, consulting engineers, and Horace Foster was the general contractor. Though it originally began as a contract for USD$71,000, the bridge would increase in costs to USD$95,000 due to the changes that were made. The granite was sourced from the towns of Sterling, Connecticut and Westerly, Rhode Island. Repairs for the bridge listed in the 1906 annual report recorded USD$15.82 for unspecified work. Though listed as only a footnote, repairs to the bridge were made in 1918.
The Division Street Bridge was last rehabilitated in 1985, but it remains open under no restrictions after its inspection in May 2012. Data from the National Bridge Inventory lists the superstructure and substructure as in fair condition. The scour condition is critical, but the recommended work is rehabilitation of the structure.[C]
The report estimates the cost of repairs to be USD$9,834,000. A collection of reports dating back to 1995 lists the bridge as "functionally obsolete" for its current traffic requirements. A 2006 traffic report listed the bridge as carrying 21,900 vehicles daily. In 2007 the historic bridge saw an increase in traffic, as a heavy truck detour during the reconstruction of the nearby I-95 Pawtucket Bridge. In 2012, the Pawtucket River Bridge reopened without weight restrictions to northbound traffic. The Division Street Bridge is used as part of a detour in the event of closure of the I-95 Pawtucket River bridge.
Division Street over the bridge is now limited to one-way traffic. Loads on the route which goes over the bridge have twice been reduced, and are now limited to 18 tons to help preserve the bridge.
The Division Street Bridge is architecturally significant as the longest stone arch bridge in Rhode Island and historically significant as a symbolic gesture to link and unify the two rapidly growing neighborhoods on Pawtucket Falls under the newly formed Town of Pawtucket. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
- List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Rhode Island
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
- As the NRHP application noted: "The bridge is located "over Taft Street and the’ Seekonk River one-third of a mile below Pawtucket Falls. The bridge’s nine segmental arches each have an approximate 50-foot span, and each rises roughly 12 feet above its springing points; the six shore arches four on the western bank, two on the eastern have spans of approximately 40 feet and rises of only about 10 feet. The height of the road bed above the mean water level of the Seekonk River is roughly 45 feet."
- Another source also credits Foster as the designer. "So strong and hard-wearing this bridge is that it stood for over a hundred years without needing rehabilitation until the year 1985. Credit for this functional and at the same time artistically designed transportation structure belongs to Horace Foster, who made it beautiful using granite, stone and bricks."
- According to 2014 reports: "Bank is beginning to slump. River control devices and embankment protection have widespread minor damage. There is minor stream bed movement evident. Debris is restricting the channel slightly... Bridge is scour critical; bridge foundations determined to be unstable."
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "NRHP Inventory-Nomination Form for Division Street Bridge" (PDF). Rhode Island Preservation. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Wright 1878, pp. 224-232.
- "Division Street Bridge". Tourist Travel Blog. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Annual Report (1906). Town of Pawtucket. 1906. p. 260. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Annual Reports (for 1918). Town of Pawtucket. 1919. p. 183. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Baughn, James (2014). "Division St over Pawtucket Rvr & Taft St Providence County, Rhode Island". Ugly Bridges. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Division Street Bridge Providence County, Rhode Island". bridgehunter.com. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Kirwan, Donna (July 24, 2011). "Detour takes toll on bridge". Pawtucket Times. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- "Pawtucket River Bridge to open to northbound traffic". WJAR Turn to 10.com. April 19, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- "RIDOT to lift weight limit from I-95 North in Pawtucket" (Press release). The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. April 19, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Wright, Albert (1878). No. 79 Mille Street, corner of Federal, Boston. History of the State of Rhode Island with Illustrations. Philadelphia: Hong, Wade & Co., Albert J. Wright, Printer. pp. 224–232. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Capace, Nancy (May 1, 2001). "Dictionary of Historic Places". The Encyclopedia of Rhode Island. St. Clair Shores, Michigan: Somerset Publishers, Inc., North American Book Dist LLC. p. 374. ISBN 9780403096107.
- "Division Street Bridge" (Postcard, Lithograph). F. M. Kirby & Co, cardcow.com. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Harbor View from Division Street Bridge, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, PU" (Postcard, Lithograph). Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Lavall, Brian (October 14, 2013). "Division Street Bridge (at sunset)" (Photograph). Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Rhode Island Picture Post Cards Division Street Bridge - Pawtucket, RI - 1912". Postal History Collection (Postcard, Lithograph). Rhode Island Historical Society. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Wellman, James (November 2, 2013). "Pawtucket River Bridge & Division Street Bridge, Pawtucket, Rhode Island - HDR" (Photograph). Flickr. Retrieved February 26, 2015.