Division of Fremantle
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Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||196 km2 (75.7 sq mi)|
The division was created at Federation in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the city of Fremantle, which in turn is named for Captain Charles Fremantle, captain of HMS Challenger, which brought the first British colonisers to Western Australia.
- the City of Fremantle;
- the Town of East Fremantle;
- Rottnest Island;
- the vast majority of the City of Cockburn (except for a small section of Leeming contained in the city); and
- parts of the City of Melville (namely Palmyra, part of Kardinya and Ken Hurst Park in Leeming).
As originally drawn, the Division of Fremantle included nearly all of Perth's southwestern suburbs. On these boundaries, the seat frequently changed hands between the Australian Labor Party and the conservative parties for the first three decades of its existence. However, Labor has held the seat without interruption since 1934, and for all but one term since 1928. The 1949 expansion of Parliament made Fremantle even safer for Labor by shifting most of its northern portion to the newly created Division of Curtin. Since then, it has usually been one of the safest Labor seats in Australia. It was nearly lost in the landslides of 1975 and 1977, but since then the Liberals have only garnered as much as 45 percent of the two-party vote twice, in 1996 and 2013.
Over the years, Fremantle has been held by a succession of senior Labor figures. The seat's best-known member was John Curtin, who was Prime Minister of Australia from 1941 to 1945. Other high-profile members were Kim Beazley (senior), a minister in the Whitlam Government; John Dawkins, a minister in the Hawke and Keating Governments; and Carmen Lawrence, the former Premier of Western Australia and a minister in the Keating Government. Lawrence retired at the 2007 election. She was succeeded by Melissa Parke, a former United Nations lawyer and a minister in the second Rudd Government.
|Elias Solomon||Free Trade||1901–1903|
|William Hedges||Western Australian||1906–1909|
|William Watson||United Australia||1931–1934|
|Kim Beazley (senior)||Labor||1945–1977|
|Mature Australia||Mick Connolly||2,335||2.75||+2.75|
|Socialist Alliance||Chris Jenkins||1,404||1.65||+0.79|
|Total formal votes||84,876||96.00||+2.51|
- "Australian Electoral Commission - Profile of the Division of Fremantle".
- Fremantle, WA, Virtual Tally Room 2016, Australian Electoral Commission.