Division of Hotham
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Namesake||Sir Charles Hotham|
|Area||75 km2 (29.0 sq mi)|
The Division of Hotham is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. It is located in the south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Hotham covers an area of approximately 72 square kilometres from Oakleigh in the north to Dingley Village in the south. The division includes the suburbs of Bentleigh East, Clarinda, Dingley Village, Heatherton and Moorabbin in their entirety, and parts of Clayton, Cheltenham, Hughesdale, Murrumbeena, Noble Park, Oakleigh, and Springvale. Hotham is the only electorate in Victoria which does not have either a waterway or a body of water forming any part of its boundary.
The division was created in 1969 and is named for Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria 1854–55. The division was originally created as a safe Liberal seat, replacing the abolished Division of Higinbotham. Its founding member was Don Chipp, a prominent Liberal who served as a minister under John Gorton, William McMahon and Malcolm Fraser - as well as Harold Holt and John McEwen while he held his old seat. Chipp ended up quitting the party in 1977 due to personal animosity towards Fraser to form the Australian Democrats, and shortly thereafter transferred to the Senate.
Demographic changes resulted in Chipp's Liberal successor Roger Johnston lose Hotham to Labor in 1980. Labor has held it without serious difficulty since then, and the seat is now considered a fairly safe Labor seat. The immediate past member, Simon Crean, was Opposition Leader from 2001 until December 2003 and was in every Labor Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet from June 1991 to March 2013. Crean retired at the 2013 election and was succeeded by fellow Labor member Clare O'Neil.
|Liberal||25 October 1969 –
24 March 1977
|Previously held the Division of Higinbotham. Served as minister under Gorton, McMahon and Fraser. Transferred to the Senate|
|Independent||24 March 1977 –|
9 May 1977
|Democrats||9 May 1977 –|
10 November 1977
|Liberal||10 December 1977 –
18 October 1980
|Labor||18 October 1980 –
24 March 1990
|Did not contest in 1990. Failed to win the Division of Corinella|
|Labor||24 March 1990 –
5 August 2013
|Served as minister under Hawke, Keating, Rudd and Gillard. Served as Opposition Leader from 2001 to 2003. Retired|
|Labor||7 September 2013 –
|Animal Justice||Helen Jeges||2,593||2.97||+2.97|
|Family First||Tatiana Rathbone||2,106||2.42||+0.31|
|Rise Up Australia||Peter Vassiliou||2,030||2.33||+0.71|
|Total formal votes||87,164||96.13||+0.96|
- Hotham, VIC, Virtual Tally Room 2016, Australian Electoral Commission.