Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||40 km2 (15.4 sq mi)|
The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. The Division of Melbourne encompasses the City of Melbourne and the suburbs of Abbotsford, Burnley, Carlton, Carlton North, Clifton Hill, Collingwood, Cremorne, Docklands, East Melbourne, Fitzroy, Fitzroy North, North Melbourne, Parkville, Princes Hill, Richmond, West Melbourne and parts of Brunswick East. The area has heavy and light engineering, extensive manufacturing, commercial and retail activities (including Melbourne markets and central business district), dockyards, clothing and footwear industries, warehousing and distributing of whitegoods, building and other general goods. This capital city electorate's northern boundary is formed by Maribyrnong Road, Ormond Road, Park Street, Sydney Road and Glenlyon Road between the Yarra River, Maribyrnong River and Merri Creek. The division also contains the main Parkville Campus of the University of Melbourne.
Melbourne has the highest proportion of Greens first party preferences relative to any other federal division. Melbourne also has a higher than average university education rate, with 44.8% of electors holding a bachelor's degree or above.
Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.
Melbourne was held by the Australian Labor Party for almost all of its history. Labor first won the seat at a 1904 by-election, and held it for over a century, with former Opposition Leader Arthur Calwell the highest profile member. For most of the time from 1907 to 2004, it was one of Labor's safest seats. During this time, Labor's hold on the seat was only remotely threatened once, when Calwell saw his majority trimmed to 57.2 percent amidst the Coalition's landslide victory in 1966. This is still the closest that the conservative parties have come to winning the seat in over a century.
At the 2007 election, Melbourne became a marginal seat for the first time in a century, even as Labor won a decisive victory nationally. Greens candidate Adam Bandt taking second place on a two candidate preferred basis, leaving Labor with 54.71 percent of the vote. On a "traditional" two party preferred basis with the Liberals, Labor finished with 72.27, an increase of 1.13 percentage points.
At the 2010 election however, following the retirement of former member and Minister for Finance and Deregulation Lindsay Tanner, Labor lost Melbourne to the Greens on a large swing, with Bandt far outpolling the Liberals and securing victory over Labor candidate Cath Bowtell. Bandt retained his seat in 2013, 2016 and 2019, with an increase in his primary vote share on each occasion. In 2016 and 2019, he actually pushed Labor into third place.
In 2017, the division had the highest percentage of "Yes" responses in the Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey, with 83.7% of the electorate's respondents to the survey responding "Yes" in favour of same-sex marriage. Additionally, in the 2023 Australian Indigenous Voice referendum, the division had the highest percentage of "Yes" responses of any Australian division, with 78.04% of votes cast responding "Yes" in favour of the proposal.
|Sir Malcolm McEacharn
|Protectionist||29 March 1901 –
10 March 1904
|1903 election results declared void. Lost seat in subsequent by-election|
|Labor||30 March 1904 –
27 August 1940
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of West Melbourne. Retired|
|Labor||21 September 1940 –
2 November 1972
|Served as minister under Curtin, Forde and Chifley. Served as Opposition Leader from 1960 to 1967. Retired|
|Labor||2 December 1972 –
4 February 1983
|Labor||5 March 1983 –
8 February 1993
|Served as minister under Hawke and Keating. Retired|
|Labor||13 March 1993 –
19 July 2010
|Served as minister under Rudd and Gillard. Retired|
|Greens||21 August 2010 –
|Incumbent. Currently Leader of the Greens|
|Victorian Socialists||Colleen Bolger||3,156||3.27||+3.27|
|United Australia||Justin Borg||1,709||1.77||+0.60|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Peppard||1,596||1.65||+1.65|
|Animal Justice||Bruce Poon||1,316||1.36||−0.68|
|One Nation||Walter Stragan||937||0.97||+0.97|
|Total formal votes||96,506||96.99||+0.01|
|Notional two-party-preferred count|
- "2016 Melbourne, Census All persons QuickStats | Australian Bureau of Statistics". www.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
- Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
- Division of Melbourne - AEC
- "Historic win for Greens". The Age. Fairfax Media. 22 August 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Melbourne, VIC, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.