Divisional commissioner (India)

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A bilingual signboard of Divisional commissioner office of Government of GNCTD

Divisional commissioner, also known as commissioner of division, is the administrative head of a division of a state in India, the office-bearer is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of high seniority. The post is referred to as regional commissioner in Karnataka and as revenue divisional commissioner in Odisha.[1]

Office-bearers are generally either of the ranks of Secretary to the state government (equivalent to joint secretary to the Government of India), or principal secretary to the state government (equivalent to additional secretary to Government of India) and in very rare cases, even of Additional chief secretary to state government (equivalent to Special secretary to the Government of India) rank.

The role of a divisional commissioner's office is to act as the supervisory head of all the state government Offices situated in the division. A divisional commissioner is given the direct responsibility of supervising the revenue and development administration of a division. He/she also presides over Local government institutions in the division. Officers are transferred to and from the post by the state government. This post exists in many states of India. divisional commissioners are responsible for general administration of the division and planned development of the districts under his control and also act as appeal adalat for revenue cases.

History of divisional commissioner[edit]

The division as an administrative level came into being in 1829 by the East India Company to facilitate the administration of far flung districts as a result of an increase in the scope of operations corresponding to the expansion of British territories. Each division was put under the charge of a divisional commissioner.[2][3][4][5] The post was created by then the Bengal government.[2][3][4][5] The institution of divisional commissioner was created by Lord William Bentinck.[3][4][5]

The appointment of commissioners in the subsequently acquired provinces of Punjab, Burma, Oudh and the Central Provinces followed in due course.[3][4][5]

The Royal Commission for Decentralisation, 1907 recommended its retention. The issue, however, continued to crop up again and again, particularly at the time of constitutional reforms of 1919, 1935, and 1947. After independence, the state governments merely tinkered with traditional revenue set-up and the states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Gujarat abolished the posts of divisional commissioners but later revived them except in Gujarat.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Divisions[edit]

A division generally covers three to five districts each headed by a district magistrate and collector or deputy commissioner and district magistrate (depending on the state), the number varying from state to state and from division to division within a state itself. Currently, administrative and revenue divisions exists in all states except Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Sikkim, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and all union territories apart from Delhi.

State/Union Territory Division Headquarter District Districts
Arunachal Pradesh East Namsai Lohit, Anjaw, Tirap, Changlang, Lower Dibang Valley, Dibang Valley, East Siang, Upper Siang, Longding, Namsai, Siang
West Lower Subansiri Tawang, West Kameng, East Kameng, Papum Pare, Lower Subansiri, Kurung Kumey, Kra Daadi, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, Lower Siang and Itanagar Capital Complex
Assam Upper Assam Division Jorhat Charaideo, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Golaghat, Jorhat, Lakhimpur, Majuli, Sivasagar, and Tinsukia
Lower Assam Division Guwahati Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Chirang, Dhubri, Goalpara, Nalbari, Kamrup Metropolitan, Kamrup Rural, Kokrajhar, and South Salmara-Mankachar
North Assam Division Tezpur Biswanath, Darrang, Sonitpur, and Udalguri
Central Assam Division Nagaon Dima Hasao, Hojai, East Karbi Anglong, West Karbi Anglong, Morigaon, and Nagaon
Barak Valley Sichar Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj
Bihar Patna division Patna Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Rohtas, Buxar and Kaimur
Tirhut division Muzaffarpur West Champaran, East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Sheohar and Vaishali
Saran division Chhapra Saran, Siwan and Gopalganj
Darbhanga division Darbhanga Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur
Kosi division Saharsa Saharsa, Madhepura and Supaul
Purnia division Purnia Purnia, Katihar, Araria and Kishanganj
Bhagalpur division Bhagalpur Bhagalpur and Banka
Munger division Munger Munger, Jamui, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Begusarai and Sheikhpura
Magadh division Gaya Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Arwal
Chhattisgarh Surguja Surguja Koriya, Balrampur-Ramanujganj, Surajpur, Jashpur and Surguja
Bilaspur Bilaspur Bilaspur, Mungeli, Korba, Janjgir-Champa and Raigarh
Durg Durg Kabirdham (Kawardha), Bemetara, Durg, Balod and Rajnandgaon
Raipur Raipur Mahasamund, Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Raipur and Dhamtari
Bastar division Bastar Kanker (Uttar Bastar), Narayanpur, Kondagaon, Bastar, Dantewada (Dakshin Bastar), Bijapur and Sukma
Haryana Hisar division Hisar Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar and Sirsa
Gurgaon division Gurugram Gurugram, Mahendragarh and Rewari
Ambala division Ambala Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula and Yamuna Nagar
Faridabad division Faridabad Faridabad, Palwal and Nuh
Rohtak division Rohtak Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat and Bhiwani
Karnal division Karnal Karnal, Panipat and Kaithal
Himachal Pradesh Kangra Kangra Chamba, Kangra and Una
Mandi Mandi Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti and Mandi
Shimla Shimla Kinnaur, Shimla, Sirmaur and Solan
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu Division Jammu Jammu, Doda, Kathua, Kishtwar, Poonch, Rajouri, Ramban, Reasi, Samba and Udhampur
Kashmir Division Srinagar Srinagar, Anantnag, Bandipora, Baramulla, Budgam, Ganderbal, Kulgam, Kupwara, Pulwama and Shopian
Ladakh Division Leh Kargil and Leh
Jharkhand Palamu division Palamu Garhwa, Latehar and Palamu
North Chotanagpur division Hazaribagh Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Giridih, Hazaribagh, Koderma and Ramgarh
South Chotanagpur division Ranchi Gumla, Khunti, Lohardaga, Ranchi and Simdega
Kolhan division West Singhbhum East Singhbhum, Seraikela Kharsawan district, and West Singhbhum
Santhal Pargana division Dumka Godda, Deoghar, Dumka, Jamtara, Sahibganj and Pakur
Karnataka Bangalore division Bengaluru Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural, Ramanagara, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Kolar, Shivamogga and Tumakuru
Mysore division Mysuru Chamarajanagar, Chikkamagaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Hassan, Kodagu, Mandya, Mysuru and Udupi
Belgaum division Belagavi Bagalkot, Belagavi, Vijayapura, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri and Uttara Kannada
Kalaburagi division Kalaburagi

Ballari, Bidar, Kalaburagi, Koppal, Raichur and Yadgir

Madhya Pradesh Bhopal division Bhopal

Bhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Sehore and Vidisha

Indore division Indore

Alirajpur district Barwani, Burhanpur, Indore, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa and Khargone

Gwalior division Gwalior

Gwalior, Ashoknagar, Shivpuri, Datia and Guna

Jabalpur division Jabalpur Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur, Seoni and Dindori
Rewa division Rewa

Rewa, Satna, Sidhi and Singrauli

Sagar division Sagar

Chhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Sagar, Tikamgarh and Niwari

Shahdol division Shahdol

Anuppur, Shahdol and Umaria

Ujjain division Ujjain

Agar Malwa, Dewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam and Shajapur

Chambal division Morena

Morena, Sheopur and Bhind

Narmadapuram division Betul

Betul, Harda and Hoshangabad

Maharashtra Amravati division Amravati

Akola, Amravati, Buldana, Yavatmal and Washim

Aurangabad division Aurangabad

Aurangabad Beed, Jalna, Osmanabad, Nanded, Latur, Parbhani and Hingoli

Konkan division Thane

Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban, Thane, Palghar, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg

Nagpur division Nagpur

Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nagpur and Wardha

Nashik division Nashik

Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalgaon, Nandurbar and Nashik

Pune division Pune

Kolhapur, Pune, Sangli, Satara and Solapur

Meghalaya Tura West Garo Hills

South West Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, North Garo Hills, East Garo Hills and South Garo Hills

Shillong East Khasi Hills

West Khasi Hills, South West Khasi Hills, Ri-Bhoi, East Khasi Hills, West Jaintia Hills and East Jaintia Hills

Nagaland Nagaland Kohima

Dimapur, Kiphire, Kohima, Longleng, Mokokchung, Mon, Peren, Phek, Tuensang, Wokha, Zunheboto and Noklak

Odisha Central Cuttack

Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Kendrapada, Khordha, Mayurbhanj, Nayagarh and Puri

Northern Sambalpur

Angul, Balangir, Bargarh, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jharsuguda, Kendujhar, Sambalpur, Subarnapur and Sundargarh

Southern Berhampur

Boudh, Gajapati, Ganjam, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Nuapada and Rayagada

Punjab Patiala Patiala

Patiala, Sangrur, Barnala, Fatehgarh Sahib and Ludhiana

Faridkot Faridkot

Faridkot, Bathinda and Mansa

Firozepur Firozepur

Firozepur, Moga, Shri Muktsar Sahib and Fazilka

Jalandhar Jalandhar

Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Pathankot, Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur

Rup Nagar Rup Nagar

Rup Nagar, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar and Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar

Rajasthan Jaipur division Jaipur

Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Dausa

Jodhpur division Jodhpur

Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali and Sirohi

Ajmer division Ajmer

Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur and Tonk

Udaipur division Udaipur

Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur and Rajsamand

Bikaner division Bikaner

Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh

Kota division Kota

Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar and Kota

Bharatpur division Bharatpur

Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai and Madhopur

Uttar Pradesh Agra division Agra

Agra, Firozabad, Mainpuri and Mathura

Aligarh division Aligarh

Aligarh, Etah, Hathras and Kasganj

Prayagraj division Prayagraj

Prayagraj, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Pratapgarh

Azamgarh division Azamgarh

Azamgarh, Ballia and Mau

Bareilly division Bareilly

Badaun, Bareilly, Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur

Basti division Basti

Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar and Siddharthnagar

Chitrakoot division Chitrakoot

Banda, Chitrakoot, Hamirpur and Mahoba

Devipatan division Gonda

Bahraich, Balarampur, Gonda and Shravasti

Ayodhya division Ayodhya

Ambedkar Nagar, Barabanki, Ayodhya, Sultanpur and Amethi

Gorakhpur division Gorakhpur

Deoria, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar and Maharajganj

Jhansi division Jhansi

Jalaun, Jhansi and Lalitpur

Kanpur division Kanpur Nagar

Auraiya, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Kanpur Dehat and Kanpur Nagar

Lucknow division Lucknow

Hardoi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lucknow, Raebareli, Sitapur and Unnao

Meerut division Meerut

Baghpat, Bulandshahar, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Ghaziabad, Meerut and Hapur

Mirzapur division Mirzapur

Mirzapur, Sant Ravidas Nagar and Sonbhadra

Moradabad division Moradabad

Bijnor, Amroha, Moradabad, Rampur and Sambhal

Saharanpur division Saharanpur

Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur and Shamli

Varanasi division Varanasi

Chandauli, Ghazipur, Jaunpur and Varanasi

Uttarakhand Kumaon division Nainital

Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh and Udham Singh Nagar

Garhwal division Pauri Garhwal

Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri Garhwal, Rudraprayag, Tehri Garhwal and Uttarkashi

West Bengal Presidency division Kolkata

Howrah, Kolkata, Nadia, North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas

Medinipur division Paschim Medinipur

Bankura, Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur and Purulia

Malda division Malda

Dakshin Dinajpur, Malda, Murshidabad and Uttar Dinajpur

Burdwan division Hooghly

Birbhum, Hooghly, Paschim Bardhaman and Purba Bardhaman

Jalpaiguri division Jalpaiguri

Alipurduar, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Kalimpong

Delhi Delhi division Central Delhi

Central Delhi, East Delhi, New Delhi, North Delhi, North East Delhi, North West Delhi, Shahdara, South Delhi, South East Delhi, South West Delhi and West Delhi

Powers of divisional commissioner[edit]

While the powers and roles of a divisional commissioner vary from state to state they generally involve-

  • Act as appellate authority on decisions of various departments of the division. [9][10][11][12][13]
  • Conducts inquiry reports against all state government employees posted in district and division for state government.
  • Control over revenue administrations in the division and holds revenue courts.
  • Issue directions with respect to the police force in any district within his division which the DM might issue.
  • Invite the attention of zonal & range police chief to defects in the police and administration of his division.
  • Call upon the DM for reports on the state of crime, the distribution of the police force therein and the arrangements for suppression of crime and disorder and to issue orders thereon.
  • Ensure proper and effective coordination among the various organizations of the government and public.
  • Supervise, guide and control the various offices in the division.
  • Coordination and supervision of the all the departments of the division.
  • Control over local government and administers the oath of elected functionaries like mayor, zila panchayat chairperson etc in mant states.
  • Financial control over the preparation of budget on development authorities, urban and rural local bodies and other departments in many states.
  • Writing of annual confidential reports of most of the officers who are head of a department in divisional or district level.
  • The approval of divisional commissioner is required for the grant of certain types of licenses for the firearms and extending & granting paroles for various convicts.
  • Acts as electoral roll observer and accessibility observer during parliamentary and state assembly elections.
  • Acts as electoral registration officer for graduates’, teachers’ and local authorities’ constituencies of the state legislative council.
  • Acts as the appointing authority for naib tehsildars.

Role of divisional commissioner[edit]

The roles and powers of commissioners vary from state to state but there is a general precedent. The divisional commissioner performs a variety of roles in regional administration. Today, district magistrates are quite junior officers, needing the guidance and supervision of a seasoned administrator like the divisional commissioner. During the British period, a member of the Indian Civil Service was normally appointed a collector of the district in his twelfth year of service. Today a member of the IAS becomes a district collector after putting in five or six years of service. With his insufficient administrative experience, a district collector of today necessarily needs guidance. The divisional commissioners, therefore, are a necessary part of the governmental machinery.[14][15][16]

Apart from giving expert advice, the divisional commissioners also provide direct communication with a large number of heads of districts. The commissioner is a regional coordinator. Posted at the divisional level, he coordinates the work of various departments in his division in a way that no other administrative ingenuity can. The divisional commissioners are instruments of decentralized coordination, The activities of different departments of the government, especially those engaged in development programmes, though varying in nature, are interlinked and there are often a number of common problems which need immediate attention and resolution. At the regional level, this coordination is brought about by the commissioners. It is only an officer who is intimately aware of the problems of the region and the day-to-day working of different governmental departments at the regional and district levels that can effectively coordinate their working and find agreeable solutions to inter-departmental problems.

The commissioner is the effective agency to supervise and inspect the work of district offices, both police and revenue, to enforce efficiency. The commissioner is a necessary intermediate link between the government and the district administration, shielding one against the other.

  1. A channel of communication between the districts and state government
  2. Regional coordinating authority for technical departments
  3. Provides help, guide and assistance to deputy commissioners
  4. Provides expert advice to headquarters

A divisional commissioner is assisted by some officers for carrying out day-to-day work in various fields:-

  1. Additional commissioner(s) for revenue, executive and development.
  2. IAS or state civil services officers at district and divisional level report only when ordered so by divisional commissioner.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Power & Functions of Regional Commissioner". Office of the Regional Commissioner, Belagum. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Second Administrative Reforms Commission - Fifteenth Report - State and District Administration" (PDF). Second Administrative Reform Commission, Government of India. April 2009. p. 43. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 563–572. ISBN 9788125019886.
  4. ^ a b c d e Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 26–129. ISBN 978-8170993810.
  5. ^ a b c d e Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 5.1–5.2. ISBN 978-9339204785.
  6. ^ "THE RAJASTHAN DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER (OFFICE ABOLITION) ACT, 1962 (Raj Act No. 8 of 1962)" (PDF). Department of Revenue, Government of Rajasthan. 1962. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
  7. ^ "Collectorate". Department of Revenue, Government of Gujarat. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
  8. ^ "Role and Functions of Divisional Commissioner". Your Article Library. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  9. ^ "CONSTITUTIONAL SETUP". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
  10. ^ "Organizational Structure". Office of the Divisional Commissioner, Ujjain. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  11. ^ "Divisional Commissioner's Office". Gurgaon District. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  12. ^ "Administration". Agra District website. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "GENERAL ADMINISTRATION". Ghaziabad District. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  14. ^ http://103.1.174.97/newcms/attachments/article/233/Divisional%20Commissioner-%20Power%20and%20Function.pdf
  15. ^ "Commissioner's Role". Office of the Divisional Commissioner, Jalandhar. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  16. ^ "About us - Role of the Commissioner". Office of the Divisional Commissioner, Jabalpur. Retrieved August 15, 2017.

Bibliography[edit]