Dixie Flyer (train)
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Locale||Midwestern United States/Southeastern United States|
|Distance travelled||1,454 miles (2,340 km) (1949)|
|Service frequency||Daily (1949)|
|Seating arrangements||Reclining seat coaches|
|Sleeping arrangements||Sections, compartments and drawing rooms|
|Catering facilities||Dining car|
|Baggage facilities||Baggage car|
|Rolling stock||Streamlined passenger cars by Pullman Standard|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Dixie Flyer was a premier named passenger train that operated from 1892 to 1965 via the "Dixie Route" from Chicago and St. Louis via Evansville, Nashville, and Atlanta to Florida.  The Flyer's route varied in early years, but by about 1920 was set as follows:
- Chicago and Eastern Illinois (C&EI), Chicago (Dearborn Station) to Evansville, or
- Louisville and Nashville (L&N), St. Louis to Evansville section
- Louisville and Nashville, Evansville to Nashville (Nashville Union Station)
- Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis (NC&StL), Nashville to Atlanta (Atlanta Union Station)
- Central of Georgia (CofG), Atlanta to Albany, via Macon
- Atlantic Coast Line (ACL), Albany to Jacksonville
- Florida East Coast (FEC), Jacksonville to Miami, or
- Atlantic Coast Line, Jacksonville to Tampa and Sarasota, and Jacksonville to St. Petersburg sections
After the NC&StL acquired the lease of the Western and Atlantic Railroad in 1890, it began promoting its passenger business from northern connections through Tennessee, and in early 1892 christened its existing trains 1 and 2 from Nashville to Atlanta as the Dixie Flyer, with through Pullman Palace sleeping cars from Nashville to Jacksonville; these at first were routed south of Atlanta via the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railway (controlled by the Southern Railway), and later rerouted via the CofG and ACL.
In 1899, the NC&StL made an agreement with the Illinois Central (IC) to handle passengers via the IC from Chicago and from St. Louis, via Fulton, Kentucky and Martin, Tennessee on the Dixie Flyer with limited stops and a fast schedule. In 1908, the Chicago traffic was rerouted via the CE&I from Chicago to Evansville, and the L&N from Evansville to Nashville; during World War I, the L&N also took over the traffic from St. Louis to Evansville. Soon after the war ended, the route south of Atlanta to Jacksonville was settled on the CofG to Macon and Albany, and from there via the ACL via Tifton and Waycross. In Jacksonville, through Pullmans were handed over to the FEC for Miami or to other ACL trains for Tampa and other west coast (Gulf of Mexico) points.
At the height of the Florida land boom in 1925, the popular Dixie Flyer was split into three sections: the all-Pullman Dixie Flyer from Chicago/St. Louis to Florida; the coaches and Atlanta and Augusta sleepers were carried on the second section, named the Dixie Express; mail and express went by the third section, the Dixie Mail. Following the collapse of the Florida boom and the effects of the Great Depression, services were cut back in the 1930s, with the Flyer handling both coaches and Pullmans.
A short-lived Jacksonville-Yellowstone National Park Pullman route was created in the summer of 1925, carrying a sleeper via the Dixie Flyer to St. Louis, via the Wabash to Kansas City, and via the Union Pacific to West Yellowstone.
By the postwar 1940s the Florida East Coast Railway route along the coast was carried by the Atlantic Coast Line's Miamian. The other sections to St. Petersburg, Tampa and Sarasota were covered by ACL local trains.
- St. Louis (the Chicago and St. Louis branches converged in Evansville)
- West Palm Beach
- Fort Lauderdale
Separate connecting Atlantic Coast Line branches from Jacksonville served Gainesville, Orlando, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Sarasota and Ft. Myers.
Dixie Route trains
Other trains from the Midwest to Florida using the Dixie Route included:
- Prince, Richard E. (1968). Louisville & Nashville Steam Locomotives. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press. pp. 141, 158. ISBN 025333764X. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- By the time of the December 18, 1965 timetable, the L&N had eliminated its Chicago to Florida trains down to The South Wind. http://streamlinermemories.info/?p=7716
- Louisville & Nashville December 18, 1965 timetable http://streamlinermemories.info/South/L&N65TT.pdf
- Prince, Richard E. (1967). The Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway: History and Steam Locomotives. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press. pp. 151–153. ISBN 0253339278. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- December 18, 1965 Louisville & Nashville timetable http://streamlinermemories.info/South/L&N65TT.pdf
- Cox, Jim (2011). Rails Across Dixie: A History of Passenger Trains in the American South. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company. p. 139. ISBN 0786461756.
- "Time Tables, December 12, 1946". railfan.net. Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- "Dixie Flyer," NC&StL Preservation Society, accessed 23 August 2014. Includes photos, time tables, and newspaper accounts of the train's discontinuance.