|First issue||24 November 1870|
Diyojen (“Diogenes“) was the first Ottoman satirical magazine of the Ottoman Empire. The first issue was published in Istanbul on 24 November 1870 by the satirist Teodor Kasap (1835-1905). It came out weekly in three year's issues and was banned for good in 1873 after 183 numbers. Apart from satirical pieces, the magazine became known for its caricatures and the translation of French literature. Kasap, who also worked as journalist and playwright, published other satirical magazines after the ban. In Hayal (“Fantasy” or “Illusion“), which existed from 1873 until 1877, he among other things used caricatures and satirical articles to criticize the arbitrary press law.
- Diyojen, 1st volume, 1st issue, 12. Teşrin-i Sânî 1286.
- Kenan Demir (April 2016). "Osmanlı'da Dergiciliğin Doğuşu ve Gelişimi (1849-1923)" (PDF). Iğdır Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (in Turkish) (9). Retrieved 18 April 2020.
- Tobias Heinzelmann: Die Balkankrise in der osmanischen Karikatur: Die Satirezeitschriften Karagöz, Kalem und Cem 1908-1914, Stuttgart 1999.
- Turgut Çeviker (1986): Gelişim Sürecinde Türk Karikatür 1. Tanzimat Dönemi ve İstibdat Dönemi (1867-1878 / 1878-1908), Istanbul.
- Tobias Heinzelmann (1999): Die Balkankrise in der osmanischen Karikatur: Die Satirezeitschriften Karagöz, Kalem und Cem 1908–1914, Stuttgart: Steiner.
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