Djúpavík

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Djúpavík
Village
The village of Djúpavík
The village of Djúpavík
Location of the Municipality of Árneshreppur
Location of the Municipality of Árneshreppur
Djúpavík is located in Iceland
Djúpavík
Djúpavík
Location of the Municipality of Árneshreppur
Coordinates: 65°57′N 21°34′W / 65.950°N 21.567°W / 65.950; -21.567
Country  Iceland
Constituency[1] Northwest Constituency
Region[2] Westfjords
County Strandasýsla
Municipality Árneshreppur
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Póstnúmer 524
Website Official website

Djúpavík is a small village in the North-West of Iceland. It is located at the head of Reykjarfjörður on the Strandir coast in the Westfjords region (Vestfirðir), in the municipality of Árneshreppur.[3]

It is approximately 70 km away from Hólmavík (the nearest settlement of any account), 280 km from Ísafjörður and 340 km from the country's capital Reykjavík. At present it only consists of seven houses, a hotel and the ruins of a herring factory. It can be reached by car via road 643 or by plane via the nearby Gjögur Airport.

History of settlement[edit]

Before 1917[edit]

Prior to 1917, the area around Djúpavík hosted farmsteads for hundreds of years. Around 1916 only one family lived there.[4]

1917-1934[edit]

The village of Djúpavík was first settled in 1917 when Elías Stefánsson built a herring salting factory there. Guðjón Jónsson moved to Djúpavík in 1917 with his wife Krístín Guðmundsdóttirthe and three children to serve as the factory's supervisor. They were the village's first residents.[5] That year brought many challenges to the herring industry in Iceland. There were shortages of fuel oil and salt, and the import price of coal and other supplies rose sharply. Both cod and herring catches were small. In the following year, the Armistice of 11 November 1918 led to reduced demand for exports from Iceland.[6] The enterprise went bankrupt in 1919.[7] Although the business was briefly taken over by others, the site was abandoned during the 1920s. Guðjón stayed on at the factory until 1921.[8]

1934-1984[edit]

1934 saw the resettlement of Djúpavík with the foundation of Djúpavík Ltd. in September of that year. A new factory was built (at the time of its construction it was the biggest concrete building in Iceland and one of the biggest in Europe) and, despite the harsh conditions, the construction was completed within the span of just one year and the factory was operational by July 1935. Initial worries that the catches would not meet requirements proved unfounded and during its early years the enterprise boomed, bringing improved financial status and living standards to the whole region.

Herring catches started to decline after 1944, with a sharp drop in 1948 (when there were almost no catches for two years) and, despite attempts to keep the enterprise running by processing other fish besides herring, the factory closed in 1954 while Djúpavík Ltd. was officially wound down in 1968. After this the residents moved away and the settlement was abandoned again.

1984-present[edit]

View of the Djúpavík village sign and the wreck of the Suðurland freight ship with Ingólfsfjörður in the background.
Djúpavík village sign, wreck of the Suðurland freight ship

In 1984, the grandson of a former Djúpavík resident bought the herring factory, intending to repair it and start a fish breeding program. He and his wife chose instead to renovate the women's dormitory for use as a hotel to support increasing tourism in the area. In 1985 Hótel Djúpavík was established in the old women's quarters and conservation of the factory and other buildings began. Over the years, business increased, with significant growth after 2010. The owners have taken care to preserve the cultural heritage of the site and the environment. As of 2016, Hotel Djúpavík was "the only eco-friendly tourism service in Strandir...."[9] During this time, repairs were also made to prevent further deterioration of the factory and other buildings.[10]

Hotel business is confined mostly to the Summer months. The nearest major route (road 61) is located 60 km (37 mi) to the south, and the nearest airport is Gjögur Airport, 14 km (9 mi) to the north. Road 643 is the only connection between Djúpavík and these locations. This road is classified as a secondary road and is in snow clearance group G. Snow on group G roads is not cleared during the Winter months causing Djúpavík to be cut off from road transportation.[11] However, in recent years the hotel has hosted snowmobile adventurers who follow snowmobile guides from Hólmavík to Djúpavík.[12]

Life in Djúpavík[edit]

1985 to present[edit]

When the new owners and their three children moved to Djúpavík in 1985, they were its only residents. Finances were difficult while renovating the hotel and during the early years of operation. To repair the factory, the owners bought supplies as they could afford them and did much of the work themselves.[13] The two younger children attended school in Trékyllisvík, about 20 km (12 mi) by road to the north. When snow made the road impassible, the father transported his children to and from Gjögur in a small boat. Windy conditions sometimes made docking impossible, causing the children to either stay home from school or remain at school for weeks.[14] After a particularly harrowing incident when his daughter nearly fell from the jetty at Gjögur, the father bought a snowmobile for Winter transportation to and from school.[15] From 10th grade until graduation the children attended school in Hólmavík and stayed there during the winter.[16]

As of 2010 Djúpavík had two year-round residents and three Summer residents[17]

Restoration of buildings[edit]

In 1984, there was significant damage and decay in the factory due to decades of neglect and vandalism. The original intent was to repair the factory and establish a fish farm. After considering the economics of fish farming and the increase in tourism, the owners decided to preserve the factory as a museum. One of the first tasks was to replace the windows. Over many years masonry has been patched and roofs repaired.[18] As of November 2017 roof repairs continue. The work is done primarily by the owners, their family, and a few hired workers.[19] The core of the factory contains the original machinery as it was found in 1984 and educational displays which preserve the history of Djúpavík. The large storage areas of the factory are used for art exhibitions, concerts, and special events such as weddings. Events like these help finance the preservation of the site without interfering with its cultural heritage.[20]

In the hotel, necessary structural repairs were made, plumbing was added, and the dining room, kitchen, and bedrooms were updated to make them suitable for hosting overnight guests. Beyond that, the historic features of the building remain, including the original floorboards and staircase. Two other buildings have been updated similarly to provide additional hotel rooms. Other buildings on the site are owned by summer residents.[21]

Notable visitors[edit]

In popular media[edit]

In the 2017 movie Justice League Bruce Wayne goes to Djúpavík to look for Aquaman.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Political division
  2. ^ Mainly statistical division
  3. ^ "ÁRNESHREPPUR", Iceland Review. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ Granholm, p. 59
  5. ^ Matthíasson, p. 25-27
  6. ^ Chamberlin p. 65-66
  7. ^ Matthíasson, p. 31
  8. ^ Matthíasson, p. 27
  9. ^ Guðmundsdóttir 2016
  10. ^ Jónsson & Holloway
  11. ^ Granholm, p. 59-60
  12. ^ Pétursson 2017
  13. ^ Pétursson 2017
  14. ^ Granholm, p. 83
  15. ^ Pétursson 2017
  16. ^ Granholm, p. 83
  17. ^ Granholm, p. 59
  18. ^ Árnadóttir, p. 10
  19. ^ Pétursson 2017
  20. ^ Árnadóttir, p. 21-22
  21. ^ Pétursson 2017
  22. ^ Guðmundsdóttir 2016
  23. ^ Pétursson 2017
  24. ^ Iceland Magazine 2016
  25. ^ Pétursson 2017
  26. ^ Pétursson 2017
  27. ^ Guðmundsdóttir 2016
  28. ^ Pétursson 2017

Sources[edit]

  1. Matthíasson, Þorsteinn (1973). Hrundar borgir : Djúpavík, Ingólfsfjörður og Gjögur. Reykjavík: Bókamiðstöðin. # Chamberlin, William Charles (1947). Economic Development of Iceland Through World War II. Studies in History, Economics and Public Law. 531. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  2. Chamberlin, William Charles (1947). Economic Development of Iceland Through World War II. Studies in History, Economics and Public Law. 531. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  3. Pétursson, Magnús Karl (2 November 2017). "Djúpavík History" (Interview). Interviewed by Bruce Tanquist. Djúpavík, Iceland. 
  4. Árnadóttir, Olga (2013). Endurgerð og umsköpun gamalla bygginga: Síldarverksmiðjan í Djúpavík (Thesis). Iceland Academy of the Arts. 
  5. Guðmundsdóttir, Ragna (16 March 2016). "The Mysterious Pull Of Djúpavík". Reykjavík Grapevine. Reykjavík: Hilmar Grétarsson. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  6. Ragnarsson, Ólafur (2 November 2017). "Suðurland". Fragtskip Óla Ragg. 123.is. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  7. "Justice League's remote and scarcely inhabited film location in Iceland". Iceland Magazine. Reykjavík: Imag ehf. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 65°56′41″N 21°33′25″W / 65.94472°N 21.55694°W / 65.94472; -21.55694