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TitlePrince of Egypt
Spouse(s)unknown woman
ChildrenPrince Auibra
Parent(s)Khufu, pharaoh of Egypt
Queen Meritites I
RelativesSneferu and Hetepheres I (grandparents)
several brothers and sisters

Djedefhor or Hordjedef was an ancient Egyptian prince of the 4th dynasty. His name means "Enduring Like Horus".


in hieroglyphs

Djedefhor was a son of Pharaoh Khufu and half-brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre.[1] Queen Meritites I is named in the tomb G 7220 of Djedefhor and it is possible she is his mother.[2]

He is mentioned on an inscription in Wadi Hammamat, his name appears in a cartouche, written after the names of Khufu, Djedefre and Khafre, preceding the name of another of his brothers, Baufra.[3] There is no evidence that either Djedefhor or Baufra ruled as a pharaoh, even though only pharaohs' names were written in cartouches during the 4th dynasty.

The Teachings of Djedefhor, a document of which only fragments remain, is attributed to him. Djedefhor seems to have been deified after his death.[1] The wisdom text by Djedefhor was written as advice to his son, Prince Auibra.[citation needed]


Djedefhor's titles were King’s Son of his Body, Count, Keeper of Nekhen.[4]


He was still alive during the reign of Menkaure, Khufu's grandson. Hence he must have been buried towards the end of the Fourth Dynasty. Djedefhor was buried in mastaba G 7210-7220 in the east field which is part of the Giza Necropolis in Giza. His sarcophagus is now in the Cairo Museum.[5]

Appearance in ancient Egyptian fiction[edit]

He is one of the main characters in a story included in the Papyrus Westcar. In the text of that papyrus, Djedefhor is mentioned as one who brought the soothsayer and magician called Djedi to the court of Khufu. This Djedi was inspired by real Prince Djedi, who was a son of Prince Rahotep and nephew to Khufu.[6]


  1. ^ a b Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.58
  2. ^ G 7220
  3. ^ Dodson & Hilton, pp.54-55
  4. ^ Khufu
  5. ^ Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III: Memphis, Part I Abu Rawash to Abusir. 2nd edition (revised and augmented by Dr Jaromir Malek, 1974. Retrieved from
  6. ^ Tales of magic in Ancient Egypt

External links[edit]