Djelfa

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Djelfa
الجلفة
City
Sand storm in Djelfa
Sand storm in Djelfa
Dz - 17 - Djelfa.svg
Djelfa is located in Algeria
Djelfa
Djelfa
Location in Algeria
Coordinates: 34°40′N 3°15′E / 34.667°N 3.250°E / 34.667; 3.250Coordinates: 34°40′N 3°15′E / 34.667°N 3.250°E / 34.667; 3.250
Country  Algeria
Province Djelfa Province
District Djelfa District
Population (2008)
 • Total 339,248
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Djelfa (Arabic: الجلفة‎) is the capital city of Djelfa province, Algeria and the site of Ancient city and former bishopric Fallaba, which remains a Latin catholic titular see.

It has a population of 339,248 (2008 census). The city lies at the junction of the N1 and the N46.

Geography[edit]

It is a pleasant medium-size city, north-central Algeria, in the Ouled Nail Mountains at an elevation of 3,734 feet (1,138 m). It is situated between the towns of Bousaada and Laghouat. Djelfa town is at a point of transition between the dry, steppe-like High Plateaus of the north, with their chotts (intermittent salt lakes), and the Sahara (south). The town was founded in 1852 as a French military post on a geometric plan. It serves as an important livestock market centre for the semi-nomadic Ouled Nail confederation. Djelfa is on the 12,000 mile Africa Trail.

Neolithic art in Djelfa

The surrounding region for centuries has been the meeting place of the Ouled Naïl people, who live in black-and-red striped tents and claim descent from the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.

History[edit]

The area is notable for its abundance of Neolithic rock carvings dating from 7000 to 5000 BC. North of Djelfa town there is an imposing physical feature known as Salt Rock (Rocher de Sel) that resulted from the erosion of rock salts and marls by rain. To the west of the town Megalithic funerary structures are found.

During Philippe Pétain's period, a concentration camp was placed in Djelfa.[1]

Fallaba was important enough in the Late Roman province of Numidia to become one of the many suffragan bishoprics of its Metropolitan Archbishopric.

In the 11th century, the Fatimids sent the Banu Hilal to the Tripolitania, Tunisia and Constantine areas against the Zirids.

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

Like most bishoprics in Roman Africa, it faded.

Titular see[edit]

In 1933 the diocese was nominally restored as Latin Catholic titular bishopric.

It has had the following incumbents, mostly of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank with an archiepiscopal (intermediary) exception :

  • Titular Archbishop: Cardinal Francesco Morano (1962.04.05 – 1962.04.20)
  • Vincent Billington, Mill Hill Missionaries (M.H.M.) (1965.05.03 – 1970.12.07)
  • Alexius Obabu Makozi (1971.02.20 – 1972.07.30)
  • Rudolph A. Akanlu (1972.11.16 – 1973.04.13)
  • James Terry Steib, Divine Word Missionaries (S.V.D.) (1983.12.06 – 1993.03.24)
  • Lorenzo Ceresoli (1993.12.20 – ...), Comboni Missionaries (M.C.C.J.), Apostolic Vicar emeritus of Awasa (Ethiopia)

Culture[edit]

The inhabitants are also Ouled Naïl living in Biskra, M'Sila and in Saharan Atlas.

Climate[edit]

Djelfa has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with hot, fairly dry summers and cool, somewhat moist winters. Snow is not unusual in winter.

Climate data for Djelfa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
25.5
(77.9)
29.3
(84.7)
33.2
(91.8)
38.4
(101.1)
39.6
(103.3)
41.8
(107.2)
39.2
(102.6)
37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
28.8
(83.8)
24.5
(76.1)
41.8
(107.2)
Average high °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.4
(52.5)
14.1
(57.4)
18.1
(64.6)
23.1
(73.6)
29.3
(84.7)
33.7
(92.7)
32.6
(90.7)
27.5
(81.5)
20.4
(68.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10.8
(51.4)
20.43
(68.77)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.4
(43.5)
8.3
(46.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.3
(61.3)
22.0
(71.6)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.4
(68.7)
14.3
(57.7)
9.1
(48.4)
5.9
(42.6)
14.18
(57.52)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
2.3
(36.1)
5.7
(42.3)
9.5
(49.1)
14.7
(58.5)
17.6
(63.7)
17.1
(62.8)
13.2
(55.8)
8.2
(46.8)
3.8
(38.8)
1.0
(33.8)
7.88
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F) −12.0
(10.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
−7.2
(19)
−3.9
(25)
0.3
(32.5)
3.6
(38.5)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.0
(35.6)
0.0
(32)
−11.0
(12.2)
−8.0
(17.6)
−12
(10.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.4
(1.315)
32.4
(1.276)
38.1
(1.5)
30.8
(1.213)
36.1
(1.421)
29.7
(1.169)
9.4
(0.37)
18.6
(0.732)
25.7
(1.012)
25.1
(0.988)
37.2
(1.465)
30.9
(1.217)
347.4
(13.678)
Average relative humidity (%) 72.9 66.8 58.0 53.9 47.3 36.5 30.3 33.8 49.0 57.3 69.1 77.2 54.34
Source #1: NOAA (1972-1990)[2]
Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, humidity)[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.apra.asso.fr/Camps/En/Camp-Djelfa.html
  2. ^ "Climate Normals for Djelfa". Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Djelfa, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 

Sources and External links[edit]