Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport
|Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport|
|Airport type||Joint (civilian and military)|
|Hub for||Air Djibouti|
|Elevation AMSL||49 ft / 15 m|
Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport (Arabic: مطار جيبوتي الدولي, French: Aéroport international Ambouli) (IATA: JIB, ICAO: HDAM) is a joint civilian/military-use airport situated in the town of Ambouli, Djibouti. It serves the national capital, Djibouti City. The airport is located approximately 6 kilometres (5 mi) from the city centre. It occupies an area of 10 square kilometers. The airport includes a V.I.P terminal for prime ministers and presidents.
The airport was opened in 1948. Originally modest-sized, the facility grew in the post-independence period after numerous successive renovation projects.
Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport has a single terminal building, with one departure gate and one baggage carousel. The largest non-commercial operator using the facility is the Djibouti Air Force.
As the airport is located south of Djibouti City and its runways run east–west, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of the capital, when the wind is from the west.
In 2004, the airport served 182,641 passengers.
In addition to its use as a civilian airport, the following military establishments are located at the Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport:
- Military of France
- formerly the 13th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion (French Foreign Legion) since 2011 in the UAE.
- 5th Overseas Interarms Regiment (Troupes de Marine)
- Djibouti Air Base: Base aérienne 188 (BA 188) Djibouti "Colonel Massart" – French Air Force base
- Escadron de chasse 3/11 Corse operating 7 Mirage 2000C and 3 Mirage 2000D
- Escadron de transport d'outre mer 88 Larzac flying C-160 Transall, Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma and AS555 Fennec.
BA 188 is a joint forces support establishment, which has numerous support units based there and an anti-aircraft missile section of 8 double-barrelled 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and Mistral firing posts.
- United States Armed Forces (Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa)
- Djibouti Air Force – located on the south west side of the airfield
- Japan Self-Defense Forces
- Japan Self-Defense Force Base Djibouti was established in 2009 on a 12 ha site adjacent to the airport; two P-3C aircraft and 180 personnel are stationed here. This is the only JSDF base located outside Japan, and is intended to protect Japanese nationals and ships in the region from terrorism and piracy.
- Italian Air Force
Air-traffic controllers controversy
According to military officials, US military flights comprised over 50 per cent of the 30,000 departures and arrivals in 2014. Civilian air-traffic controllers hired by the Djiboutian government monitor the airspace over Camp Lemonnier's runways, unlike other major US military bases. US federal aviation experts suggested that an unprofessional attitude on the part of the controllers potentially imperiled American military and civilian flights to and from the airport. US consultants stationed at the base reported that over a three-month period, the controllers made an average of 2,378 errors per 100,000 aircraft operations, an error rate reportedly 1,700 times greater than the US standard. FAA officials asserted that the controllers' lax attitude, which allegedly included barring drones from taking off or landing, stemmed from a belief on their part that the US drones were unreliable aircraft and dangerous weapons aimed at killing Muslims. The Djibouti government dismissed the air controller safety allegations as exaggerations or fabrications. US Ambassador to Djibouti Tom Kelly likewise indicated that, after asking for further improvements in aviation, progress was being registered at the airport. Navy Capt. Kevin Bertelsen, the commanding officer at Camp Lemonnier, described work at the airbase as challenging, but similarly indicated that conditions there had ameliorated. In 2014, the US government also signed a new twenty-year lease with the Djibouti authorities to maintain its military base at the airport.
Airlines and destinations
|Air Djibouti||Addis Ababa, Bangui, Berbera, Bujumbura, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Hargeisa, Juba, Khartoum, Kigali, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Lubumbashi, Mogadishu, Mwanza, Nairobi, N'Djamena, Pemba|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum|
- "AID". www.aeroport-jib.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "airport information" (PDF). Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Djibouti Ambouli Airport". www.airports-worldwide.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Oladipo, Tomi (2015-06-16). "Why are there so many military bases in Djibouti?". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
- "Les forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti". www.defense.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
- "防衛省、ジブチの自衛隊拠点を来年度拡張 基地建設の中国に対抗". Newsweek日本版 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-04-26.
- AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. November 2014. p. 26.
- "Chaos in tower, danger in skies at base in Africa". Washington Post. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- "Home - Air Djibouti". air-djibouti.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- Ghattas, Abir. "Yemen's No Fly Zone: Thousands of Yemenis are Stranded Abroad". Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Home - Air Djibouti". air-djibouti.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.