Djurdjura National Park
|Djurdjura National Park|
|Nearest city||Tizi Ouzou, Bouïra|
|Established||July 23, 1983|
Nearby cities include Tizi Ouzou to the north and Bouïra to the south. The park is home to a very broken tectonics, as well as many forests, grottoes, gorges, and important fauna, including the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate whose prehistoric distribution in North Africa was much broader than today.
The name of the mountain chain comes from the Kabyle word Jjerjer which means "great cold" or "elevation", from the old compound word Jer n Jer "the mountain of the mountains". The Roman Empire used to call it Iron mountain in Latin (Mons Ferratus), in reference to the soil of the region, as well as to the resistance of the Kabyles against the Roman annexation of Kabylie. The name Djurdjura is also used for the villages located in this mountain chain. Mmis n'Djerdjer means "children of the Djurdjura", which is a Kabyle word referring to mountain inhabitants, there is also a Kabyle female group called DjurDjura.
- IUCN. 2008. Redlist: Macaca sylvanus
- C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg Archived August 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Énigmes et joutes oratoires de Kabylie by Youcef Allioui, L'Harmattan, 2005 ISBN 2-7475-8065-2