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Dmitry Ilyich Kozlov (1 October 1919, Tikhoretsk - March 7, 2009, Samara) was a Russian aerospace engineer who founded the Progress State Research and Production Rocket Space Center.
Kozlov fought the Germans in the Second World War, losing his left arm. In the 1950s he worked under Sergey Korolyov and was in charge of designing the R-7 missile. As a leading designer of intercontinental ballistic missiles Kozlov was awarded a Lenin Prize (1957), two USSR State Prizes (1976, 1983), a Russian Federation State Prize (1994) and was named a Hero of Socialist Labour on two occasions (1961, 1979).