FC Dnipro

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FC Dnipro
FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk.svg
Full name Football Club Dnipro
Nickname(s) Warriors of light
Founded 1918; 99 years ago (1918)
Ground Dnipro-Arena, Dnipro
Ground Capacity 33,993
Owner Ihor Kolomoyskyi
President Ihor Kolomoyskyi
Head coach Oleksandr Poklonskyi[1]
League Ukrainian Second League
2016–17 Premier League, 11th (relegated)
Website Club website
Current season

Football Club Dnipro (Ukrainian: Футбо́льний Клуб «Дніпро́» IPA: [dnʲiˈprɔ]) is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Dnipro.

"Dnipro", named after the Dnieper river in Ukraine, is the name taken by a range of sports clubs in its city. Besides the association football club, there are also bandy[2] and basketball teams, among others, with the same name. FC Dnipro, however, is not a multi-sports club. The club is owned by the Privat Group that also owns BC Dnipro and Budivelnyk Kyiv.

During the Soviet era, the club was a member of the Soviet Volunteer Sports Society "Metallurg" (therefore it carried names Metallurg/Metalurh and Stal) and until 1961 was under sponsorship of the Petrovsky Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Plant. After that, the club was sponsored by the Southern Machine-building Plant Yuzhmash and carried both names Russian Dnepr and Ukrainian Dnipro, while Dnepr was also used for international competitions. During the Soviet era, the club was the second most successful club, based in Ukraine, that participated in the Soviet Top League, winning in 1983 and 1988. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the club was privatized.

History[edit]

BRIT[edit]

The club was formed in 1918 by the Petrovsky factory and was called BRIT (Brianskyi Robitnychyi Industrialnyi Tekhnikum). The team participated in the regional competition, the Katerynoslav championship. BRIT played its games in the "Sokil" stadium, a small venue located at the corner of Pushkin and Yuriy Savchenko streets, which it shared with four other clubs.

Petrovets – Stal – Metalurh[edit]

With the outbreak of World War I, BRIT was disbanded until 9 May 1925, when a new team was formed in Dnipropetrovsk. The team participated during the first season under the name Petrovsky factory, which was changed in 1926 to "Petrovets." The team entered the first Soviet competition under the name of Stal (steel) in 1936, participating in three championships before World War II. In 1947, the team re-entered the Soviet competition after merging with another club from Dnipropetrovsk, Dynamo Dnipropetrovsk. From 1949 until 1961, the team was called Metalurh ("metal worker"). From 1950–1952, it was relegated to amateur status due to poor results. In 1954, Metalurh Dnipropetrovsk reached the semi-finals of the USSR Cup, where it lost to Spartak Yerevan.

Dnepr[edit]

In 1961, the team was handed over to its new sponsor, the Yugmash (the Southern machine-producing factory), which at that time was one of the most powerful factories in the entire Soviet Union and was funded by the Ministry of Defense. It was part of the Zenit volunteer sports society. The new sponsor changed the team's name to the Russian name of Dnepr, Dnieper, as the Russian was the accepted language of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government. The team's performance did not change much until after 1968, when Dnepr obtained Andriy Biba and the new coach – Valery Lobanovsky. After that, it took the team three years to get promoted to the Soviet Top League and eventually finished in sixth place in 1972.

Golden generation[edit]

In 1973 and 1976, Dnepr reached the semi-finals of the USSR Cup. In 1978, the team was relegated to the lower league for two years. Their next return to the top flight was not as inviting as their first one and the team languished at the bottom of the table for several years. In the following years, the governing body of the team hired new promising coaches – Volodymyr Yemets and Hennadiy Zhizdik. After those changes, Dnepr became a strong contender for the Soviet championship winning it twice: once with Yemets and Zhizdik in 1983, and another one with Yevhen Kucherevsky in 1988. Also, in 1989 Dnepr became the first professional football club in the Soviet Union. During those years, the team featured many notable players such as Oleg Protasov, Hennadiy Lytovchenko, Oleksiy Cherednyk and Oleh Taran.

Dnipro[edit]

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the club took on the Ukrainian version name of Dnipro, the name of the biggest river and one of the major symbols of Ukraine. The club joined the football federation of the native country and remained one of the top contenders in the newly formed Ukrainian Premier League. The team received a silver medal in 1993, as well as the bronze in 1992, 1995, 1996, 2001 and 2004. The team also reached the Ukrainian Cup finals in 1995, 1997 and 2004, losing all three to Shakhtar Donetsk. Dnipro is currently controlled by the Privat Group.

Success and downfall[edit]

On 14 May 2015, Dnipro qualified for the 2015 UEFA Europa League Final by defeating Napoli 1-0 in Ukraine after having drawn 1–1 in Italy, the first time in the club's history that it reached the final in a European competition.[3] Despite going up 1–0 in the sixth minute against Spanish side Sevilla, Dnipro eventually lost 3–2.[4] Despite the defeat, the match crowned one of the club's greatest seasons, during which Dnipro had to play all of their home matches some 400 kilometres away in Kiev due to the conflict in eastern Ukraine.[5] On 31 March 2016, the club was excluded by UEFA from participating in the next UEFA club competition for which it would otherwise qualify in the next three seasons (2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19) for violating the Financial Fair Play regulations.[6]

In late June 2016, there were rumours that club owner Ihor Kolomoyskyi had stopped funding the club.[7] Kolomoyskyi immediately denied this but did state, "The club will not exist in the same form as before;" and that it was "not normal to spend crazy amounts of money" to keep the current squad intact.[7]

The 2016−17 season was disastrous for Dnipro. Due to outstanding debts owed to coach Juande Ramos and his staff, the FFU prevented Dnipro from signing new players other than free agents. On 26 October 2016, Dnipro was assessed a penalty of 6 points for the same reason. In April 2017, 3 additional points were deducted. At the conclusion of the 2016−2017 season, Dnipro was relegated to the Ukrainian Second League for the first time in club history.

Stadium[edit]

Current Dnipro Arena

Since 1966, Dnipro's home was Stadium Meteor in Dnipropetrovsk. Prior to that, the club played at the Matalurh Stadium (formerly Stal Stadium). Meteor Stadium was built by the Soviet rocket company Yuzhmash on the original site and has undergone several renovations since, the last one being in 2001. In 2002, however, after several spells in European competitions, it became clear that the club needed a new modern venue. Thus, in 2005, Pryvat Group started construction of Dnipro Arena in the centre of the city. The club played its last game at Meteor on 2 September 2008, against Metalist Kharkiv.

In April 2005, the club's new arena broke ground. It was constructed by Germany's largest construction company Hochtief. The construction itself took three years and four months, but a nine-month delay occurred due to a land dispute over a site where the stadium's car park was planned. The stadium's final capacity is 31,003 people and the initial estimated cost of the construction was set at €40 million.

The stadium was opened on 15 September 2008. The opening ceremony featured a speech by Ukrainian president Victor Yushchenko, a concert performance by a number of famous Ukrainian musicians and two football matches: Veterans of Dynamo Kyiv vs. Spartak Moscow veterans, and Dnipro against Dynamo Kyiv. As a gift to the club from the city, the street that the stadium is situated on was renamed into Kucherevskyi Boulevard, in honour of Dnipro's late coach Yevhen Kucherevskyi. Dnipro played their first official game on 29 September 2008 against their local rivals Metalurh Zaporizhya, but Dnipro lost 1–2. They set a new attendance record for the Ukrainian Premier League 2008–09 season at 31,000 spectators.

Since the beginning of conflict in Eastern Ukraine, Dnipro have played their European matches at the Olympic Stadium in Kiev at the behest of UEFA, although there has been comparatively less conflict in Dnipropetrovsk than other areas.[8]

Supporters and rivalries[edit]

The formation of the fan movement in Dnipropetrovsk began in the early 1980s, which saw the appearance of the first representatives of Dnipro ultras at the stadium. Later was established one of the largest fans unions – the Braty po Zbroyi (English: Brothers in Arms) – involving Dnipro, Dynamo Kyiv and Karpaty Lviv.

Most of the fans hold right-wing ideological views (Ukrainian nationalism). Dnipro is considered the third most popular club in Ukraine, and home and away matches are attended by large crowds. The largest Dnipro ultras groups are the Voice of the North Stand (Ukrainian: Рупор Північної Трибуни) and Ultras'83 (Ukrainian: Ультрас'83).

The most famous derby in eastern Ukraine is the Skhidne Derby (English: Eastern Derby) between Dnipro and Metalist Kharkiv. The game at the stadium is very hard and almost every game ends in a fight between football fans from Dnipropetrovsk and Kharkiv. There wasalso a city derby in Dnipropetrovsk between Dnipro and Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih. In May 2016, Metalist Kharkiv was removed from Ukraine's professional football leagues.[9] Kryvbas Kryvyi Rih is, after its 2013 bankruptcy, an amateur club.[10][11]

Dnipro maintains friendly relations with Karpaty Lviv, Dynamo Kyiv (the fan union Braty po Zbroyi) and Veres Rivne. Dnipro has strained relations to Shakhtar Donetsk, Metalurg Zaporizhya, Chornomorets Odesa, Metalist Kharkiv, Kryvbas Kryvyy and Arsenal Kyiv. All fans, however, have currently declared a truce due to the war in Eastern Ukraine.

Sponsors[edit]

Football kits and sponsors[edit]

Years[12] Football kit Shirt sponsor
1998–2001 Adidas TM Biola
2001–2005 TM Biola
2005–2008 Umbro
2008– Nike
  • No information is known for the 2000–01 season.

Home colours[edit]

1983
1988
1991
1992
1992
1993
2000
2000
2011
2013
2014

Honours[edit]

Domestic[edit]

European[edit]

Friendly[edit]

Individual player awards[edit]

Several players have won individual awards during or for their time with Dnipro

Soviet Footballer of the Year

Ukrainian Footballer of the Year

Ukrainian Premier League[13] Footballer of the Year

Players[edit]

As of 8 August 2017[14]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Ukraine GK Ivan Ponomarenko
2 Ukraine DF Dmytro Bondar
3 Ukraine DF Dmytro Semenov
4 Ukraine DF Oleksandr Kulinich
5 Ukraine DF Serhiy Palyukh (captain)
6 Ukraine DF Oleksandr Andrushko
7 Ukraine MF Dmytro Verhun
8 Ukraine MF Ivan Budnyak
9 Ukraine FW Ivan Mykhailenko
10 Ukraine MF Danylo Piddubnyi
11 Ukraine MF Oleksiy Bandurin
12 Ukraine GK Maksym Luhovskyi
13 Ukraine DF Kyrylo Romaniuk
14 Ukraine DF Volodymyr Kirychuk
15 Ukraine DF Denys Taraduda
16 Ukraine DF Mykyta Nechystenko
17 Ukraine MF Oleh Ilyin
No. Position Player
18 Ukraine FW Denys Kostyshyn
19 Ukraine MF Oleksandr Nazarenko
20 Ukraine MF Artem Dzhumyha
21 Ukraine MF Maksym Voytikhovskyi
22 Ukraine DF Kyrylo Zaykov
23 Ukraine MF Anton Rykun
24 Ukraine MF Oleksiy Karpovskyi
25 Ukraine MF Kyrylo Khovaiko
26 Ukraine FW Oleksandr Khyzhniak
27 Ukraine DF Bohdan Romaniuk
28 Ukraine MF Yuriy Vakulko
29 Ukraine MF Yehor Nazaryna
30 Ukraine MF Arsentiy Doroshenko
35 Ukraine FW Artem Dovbyk
71 Ukraine GK Viktor Babichyn
99 Ukraine GK Oleksiy Bashtanenko

Coaches and administration[edit]

Administration[15] Coaching[16]

League and Cup history[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
Stal – Petrovsky Factory
1936 No participation 1/32
Stal
1937 4th
(Group G)
9 11 3 4 4 20 27 21 1/64
club was idle in 1938
1939 2nd
(Group B)
15 22 6 7 9 27 37 19 1/16
No competitions 1940-45, World War II
1946 2nd
(Second Group)
12 24 4 2 18 29 76 10
1947 4 24 11 8 5 54 35 30 1/16
1948 2 14 9 2 3 34 24 20
2 4 2 1 1 6 4 5
Metallurg / Metalurh
1949 2nd
(Second Group)
8 14 2 2 10 14 35 6 1/16
1950 4th
(Fitness teams)
10 9 3 0 6 11 22 6 withdrew
club was idle in 1951–1952
1953 2nd
(Class B)
8 14 2 2 10 14 35 6 1/16
22 2 2 0 0 5 0 4
1954 4 22 8 9 5 30 27 25 1/2
1955 10 30 14 2 14 53 47 30 1/16
1956 14 34 10 9 15 40 58 29
1957 4 34 17 8 9 65 43 42 1/32
1958 9 30 14 5 11 52 45 33 1/32
1959 4 28 14 6 8 47 37 34 1/128
1960 8 36 14 9 13 53 44 37
1961 14 36 11 10 15 35 40 32 1/128
Dnepr / Dnipro
1962 2nd
(Class B)
6 24 7 12 5 35 29 26 1/256
11 10 4 3 3 10 11 10
1963 2nd
(Class A)
8 34 13 10 11 36 34 36 1/32
1964 10 26 8 8 10 25 28 24 1/32 (2 subgroup)
22 12 4 3 5 10 13 11 (relegation group)
1965 5 30 13 10 7 31 23 36 1/32 (2 subgroup)
8 16 6 5 5 15 15 17 (promotion group)
1966 8 34 11 12 11 33 27 34 1/64 (2 subgroup)
1967 4 38 18 10 10 49 36 46 1/128 (2 subgroup)
1968 3 40 19 16 5 50 27 54 (2 subgroup)
1969 1 42 24 9 9 73 59 57 1/64 (3 subgroup)
2 3 1 1 1 2 3 3 (finals)
1970 3 42 26 9 7 58 25 61 1/64
1971 2nd
(First League)
1 42 27 9 6 83 30 63 1/16 Promoted
1972 1st
(Top League)
6 30 12 10 8 37 37 34 1/8
1973 8 30 9 9 12 36 40 26 1/2
1974 10 30 9 11 10 31 39 29 1/4
1975 7 30 10 11 9 33 30 31 1/16
1976 11 15 6 2 7 18 18 14 1/2 spring half
13 15 6 2 7 12 17 14 fall half
1977 12 30 9 9 12 24 31 27 1/8
1978 16 30 9 3 18 25 39 21 1/16 Relegated
1979 2nd
(First League)
17 46 16 14 16 57 60 44 Group stage
1980 2 46 27 8 11 60 47 62 Group stage Promoted
1981 1st
(Top League)
8 34 12 8 14 42 53 32 Group stage
1982 9 34 11 12 11 34 38 32 1/2
1983 1 34 22 5 7 63 36 49 1/4
1984 3 34 17 8 9 54 40 42 1/8 ECL 1/4
1985 3 34 16 11 7 71 41 42 1/4 UC 1/8
1986 11 30 8 12 10 41 41 28 1/16 UC 1st round
1987 2 30 15 9 6 42 22 39 1/16
1988 1 30 18 10 2 49 23 46 1/2 UC 1st round
1989 2 30 18 6 6 47 27 42 Winner ECL 1/4
1990 6 24 11 6 7 39 26 28 1/16 finals UC 1st round
1991 9 30 9 10 11 31 36 28 1/8 finals
1992 No championship 1/8 finals

Ukraine[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
Dnipro
1992 1st
(Top League)
3 18 10 3 5 26 15 23 1/4 finals Won playoff game for the third place over Shakhtar
1992–93 2 30 18 8 4 51 20 44 1/8 finals
1993–94 4 34 16 9 9 53 35 41 1/4 finals UC 2nd round
1994–95 3 34 19 8 7 60 33 65 Runner-up
1995–96 3 34 19 6 9 65 34 63 1/4 finals
1996–97 4 30 14 13 3 48 19 55 Runner-up
1997–98 4 30 17 4 9 47 27 55 1/4 finals UC 2nd qual round
1998–99 12 30 9 5 16 28 46 32 1/8 finals
1999–00 11 30 8 9 13 26 52 33 1/8 finals
2000–01 3 26 17 4 5 37 18 55 1/2 finals
2001–02 6 26 11 7 8 30 20 40 1/2 finals UC 1st round
2002–03 4 30 18 5 7 48 27 59 1/2 finals
2003–04 3 30 16 9 5 44 23 57 Runner-up UC 3rd round
2004–05 4 30 13 9 8 38 34 48 1/2 finals UC Round of 32
2005–06 6 30 11 10 9 33 23 43 1/8 finals UC Group stage
2006–07 4 30 11 14 5 32 24 47 1/4 finals
2007–08 4 30 18 5 7 40 27 59 1/16 finals UC 1st round
2008–09 1st
(Premier League)
6 30 13 9 8 34 25 48 1/8 finals UC 2nd qual round
2009–10 4 30 15 9 6 48 25 54 1/4 finals
2010–11 4 30 16 9 5 46 20 57 1/2 finals EL Play-off Round
2011–12 4 30 15 7 8 52 35 52 1/8 finals EL Play-off Round
2012–13 4 30 16 8 6 54 27 56 1/2 finals EL Round of 32
2013–14 2 28 18 5 5 56 28 59 1/8 finals EL Round of 32
2014–15 3 26 16 6 4 47 17 54 1/2 finals EL Runner-up
2015–16 3 25 16 4 5 49 21 52 1/2 finals EL Group stage
2016–17[17] 11 32 8 13 11 31 40 13 1/2 finals Excluded[18] −24[19] Relegated directly to second league
2017-18 3rd
(Second League)
First Round

European history[edit]

FC Dnipro participates in European competitions since 1984 after playing its first against Trabzonspor. Since 2001, however, the club participates almost on annual basis with variable successes. This was interrupted in 2016, when, despite finishing third place, Dnipro was forbidden to play in the European competitions by UEFA.

Season Stage Notes
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1984–85 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by France Bordeaux 1–1 in Bordeaux, 1–1 in Dnipropetrovsk
1989–90 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by Portugal Benfica 0–1 in Lisbon, 0–3 in Dnipropetrovsk
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
2014–15 Finalist defeated by Spain Sevilla 2–3 in Warsaw

Overall record[edit]

European Cup / UEFA Champions League
Season Preliminary stages Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1984-85 Turkey Trabzonspor Bulgaria Levski Sofia France Bordeaux
1989-90 Northern Ireland Linfield Austria Tirol Portugal Benfica
2014-15 Denmark Copenhagen
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup / UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
Season Preliminary stages Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1985-86 East Germany Wismut Netherlands PSV Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk S.
1986-87 Poland Legia
1988-89 France Bordeaux
1990-91 Scotland Hearts
1993-94 Austria Admira Wacker Germany Eintracht F.
1997-98 Armenia Yerevan Russia Alania
2001-02 Italy Fiorentina
2003-04 Liechtenstein Vaduz Germany Hamburg Croatia Dinamo France Marseille
2004-05 Slovakia Petržalka Israel Maccabi H. Belgium Brugge 1 Serbia and Montenegro Partizan
2005-06 Armenia Banants Scotland Hibernian Bulgaria Litex 1
2007-08 Poland Bełchatów Scotland Aberdeen
2008-09 Switzerland Bellinzona
2010-11 Serbia Spartak Z.V. Poland Lech
2011-12 England Fulham
2011-12 Czech Republic Slovan Netherlands PSV 1 Switzerland Basel
2014-15 Croatia Hajduk Azerbaijan Qarabağ 1 Greece Olympiacos Netherlands Ajax Belgium Brugge Italy Napoli Spain Sevilla
2015-16 France St. Étienne 1
  • 1 Group stage. Highest-ranked eliminated team in case of qualification, lowest-ranked qualified team in case of elimination.

Managers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oleksandr Poklonskyi is heading FC Dnipro (Александр Поклонский возглавил ФК "Днепр"). Ukrinform. 21 June 2017
  2. ^ "Ukrainian bandy championship". Ukrainian Federation of Bandy and Rink-Bandy. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Dnipro’s Yevhen Seleznyov sinks Napoli to seal Europa League final place". Guardian. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Dnipro 2 Sevilla 3". BBC Sport. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk – Angels amidst War : "During the entire course of the campaign, FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk had to play all of their home matches some 400 kilometres away in Kyiv due to the war. "". http://www.goaldentimes.org. Retrieved 26 May 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ "CFCB adjudicatory chamber orders". UEFA. 31 March 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Dnipro football team will not be liquidated, but revamped – Kolomoisky". Interfax-Ukraine. 30 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Dnipro qualifier moved to Kiev". ESPN. Press Association. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Апеляційний комітет ФФУ відхилив апеляції "Металіста" та "Говерли"" [The FFU Appeal Committee decline appeals of Hoverla and Metalist] (in Ukrainian). Football Federation of Ukraine. 16 May 2016. Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "FC Kryvbas launches bankruptcy procedure". Interfax-Ukraine. 12 June 2013. 
  11. ^ (in Ukrainian) Gen.Director of Kryvbas: The team has marvelous chances to start playing in the PFL already this summer. Kryvbas fan's side. 6 April 2016
  12. ^ Jerseys of Ukrainian clubs Archived 25 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ before fall of the Soviet Union the award was given to players of Ukrainian clubs
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ http://www.fcdnipro.ua/ru/club/directors/
  16. ^ http://www.fcdnipro.ua/en/team/trainers/
  17. ^ Competition was played in two phases. Official final league standings are cumulative from both phases. Dnipro competed in the Relegation Group in Phase II and were relegated..
    "Ліга Парі-Матч Сезон 2016/17" [League Pari-Match 2016–17 Season]. Ukrainian Premier League. 31 May 2017. Archived from the original on 31 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  18. ^ The Adjudicatory Chamber of the UEFA Club Financial Control Body (CFCB) announced that the club will be excluded from participating in the next UEFA club competition for which they would otherwise qualify in the next three (3) seasons (i.e. the 2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19 seasons)."CFCB adjudicatory chamber orders". uefa.org. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  (31 March 2016)
  19. ^ Deducted a total of 24 points.
    Six points by the FIFA Disciplinary Committee for failing to clear their debts with former coach Juande Ramos and his assistants.
    "Soccer-Dnipro hit by six-point deduction for failing to clear debts". Reuters. Yahoo Sports. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
    Six points by the Ukrainian Premier League for failing to comply with the decision of FIFA Disciplinary Committee to pay debts to former player Danilo Sousa Campos.
    (in Ukrainian) "Офіційно. Дніпро позбавлений 6 очок за борг перед Даніло" [Officially. Dnipro had 6 points deducted for its debt to Danilo]. Champion (Ukrayinska Pravda). 7 February 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
    Three points by the FFU Control and Disciplinary Committee for failing execute one of the decisions of the committee.
    (in Ukrainian) ""Дніпро" позбавили 3 турнірних очок" [Dnipro was stripped of three tournament points]. Ukrainian Premier League. 6 April 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
    Nine points by the FFU Control and Disciplinary Committee for failing execute their previous decisions.
    (in Russian) "С вылетевшего в Первую лигу "Днепра" сняли еще 9 очков" [Relegated Dnipro deducted another nine points]. Sehodnya. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  20. ^ (in Ukrainian) Official: Ramos left the Dnipro, because they do not want to stay in Ukraine, Ukrayinska Pravda Champion (22 May 2014)

External links[edit]