|Native name||Дніпровський метрополітен|
|Owner||Ministry of Transport|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||6|
|Daily ridership||20.4 thousand (2016) |
|Annual ridership||7.45 million (2016)|
|Began operation||December 29, 1995|
|Number of vehicles||45 (2013)|
|System length||7.1 km (4.4 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,524 mm (5 ft)|
The Dnipro Metro (Ukrainian: Дніпровський метрополітен; Russian: Днепровский метрополитен) is a single-line rapid transit system that serves the city of Dnipro, the fourth largest city in Ukraine by population. The metro was the third system constructed in Ukraine, after the Kiev and Kharkiv metro systems, respectively, when it opened on December 29, 1995. The metro was the fourteenth built in the former Soviet Union region, and the first to open after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Dnipro Metro consists of one 7.1-kilometer (4.4 mi) line and 6 stations. The line starts at the Vokzalna station, near the city's central railway station in the east and ends at the Pokrovska station in the western part of the city. The system is open from 05:30 to 23:00. Ridership on the metro has steadily declined since its opening in 1995; in 2013, the metro carried only 7.51 million passengers (compared to 18.2 million in 1995). Initially, the metro trains carried five train cars each, but as the passenger ridership declined, the number of cars was reduced to three. The price for a single ride is currently 2 UAH; either plastic token or transit cards are used at the entrance gates.
In 1979, the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union affirmed the Central Committee of the Communist Party's action to allow the Gosplan (government planning agency) and the communication and transportation construction ministries to conduct research on construction a metropolitan system in Dnipropetrovsk.
The construction itself was started on March 15, 1982 following a decree by the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union. These plans were realised when the system's first line, the Tsentralno-Zavodska Line, was opened to the public on December 29, 1995.
The Dnipro Metro system was constructed following the typical Soviet metro construction format. Out of the six stations, five are located deep underground and one is placed near the surface. Four of the deep stations are single vaults built on Leningrad technology and one is a Pylon. The only shallow station is a pillar trispan. Owing to the economic recession of the early 1990s, the metro stations lack the same level of decoration and architectural integrity of those built in Soviet times.
Three stations are currently under construction, which would expand the system from the Dnipro Central Railway Station (at Vokzalna) to the city centre; Teatralna (near the Theatre of Opera and Ballet), Tsentralna, and Istorychnyi Muzei (near the Museum of History). Construction on these three stations was restarted in late February 2011 after being completely halted on July 26, 2009. A lack of funding for the construction also was due to the fact that Dnipropetrovsk was not chosen as one of the host cities of the UEFA Euro 2012 football championship.
Two new stations in the city centre, "Teatralna" and "Tsentralna" were expected to be finished by 2015, whilst "Istorychnyi Muzei" was according to plans to be finished by 2016. Another station, "Parus", is planned for the western terminus of the Tsentralno-Zavodska Line. But construction did not start because the tender to select the contractor was stopped by the city council in August 2015.
After the first additions to the line segment, the total length of the only line is expected to be 11.82 kilometers (7.34 mi), with 9 stations. In the long term perspective, a second line is planned to span across the River Dnieper, and to potentially have 80 kilometers (50 mi) of track on three lines minimum.
- ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2013 ГОД. [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2013.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2013. pp. 1, 3. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
- Відправлення (перевезення) пасажирів за видами транспорту загального користування [Departure (transport) of passengers by public transport] (in Ukrainian). Головне управління статистики у Дніпропетровській області [Department of Statistics in the Dnipropetrovsk region]. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- "Пасажирські перевезення за 2016 рік" (PDF). Головне управління статистики у Дніпропетровській області.
- Kostyuk, Artyom. "Rolling track". dpmetro.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Information about the metro system". gorod.dp.ua. Dnipropetrovsk City Central Internet Portal. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- "About number and composition population of UKRAINE by All-Ukrainian Population Census'2001 data". All-Ukrainian population census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2006-01-09. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Dnipropetrovsk Metro". UrbanRail.net. Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- (in Ukrainian) Metro to Troieschyna, "The Wall of Yatsenyuk" and the Odesa-Reni highway. For what long-term construction all Ukraine is waiting for, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 May 2018)
- Platonov, Vladimir (December 30-January 5, 1996). "Metro as a secret object and symbol of the highest patronage". Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2008-06-21. Check date values in:
- "Dnipropetrovskyi metropoliten". Ministry of Transport and Communications of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-21.[dead link]
- "In Dnipropetrovsk construction is restarted on the metro". Korrespondent.net (in Russian). February 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
- "Poroshenko allocated funding towards finishing the Dnipropetrovsk Metro". Ekonomichna Pravda (in Ukrainian). Ukrayinska Pravda. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- (in Russian) SUBWAY IS NOT CONSTRUCTING IN DNEPROPETROVSK, BECAUSE ONE OF THE FORMER LEADERS OF THE REGION REQUIRES A "ROLLBACK" - PASHCHENKO, 112 Ukraine (17 August 2015)
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