Svobody Avenue in Kamianske
|• Mayor||Andriy Byelousov|
|• Total||138 km2 (53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
|• Density||1,831/km2 (4,740/sq mi)|
Kamianske (Ukrainian: Кам'янське, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈkɑmjɑnʲsʲkɛ]), formerly Dniprodzerzhynsk, is an industrial city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, and a port on the Dnieper River. Administratively, it is incorporated within Kamianske municipality as a city of oblast significance. Population: 239,237 (2016 est.).
The first written evidence of settlement in the territory of Kamianske appeared in 1750. At that time the villages of Romankovo and Kamianske, which make the modern city, were a part of the Nova (New) Sich of the Zaporizhian cossacks. The city was known as Kamianske, Stony Place (Ukrainian: Кам'янське, Russian: Каменское) until 1936 when it was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk in honor of communist Felix Dzerzhynsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka. On May 19, 2016 the city was renamed back to historical name of Kamianske. According to the latest data, its population is 273,700.
On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with a name related to Communism.
1996 tram accident
On July 2, 1996 a notorious traffic accident happened in Kamianske. An overcrowded tram that was moving along a steep hill on Chapaeva Street began to slide rapidly downhill (because of a brake failure), causing it to derail and hit a concrete wall before coming to a stop very close to a school. A total of 34 people died and more than a 100 were injured as a result of that accident. Following a government inquiry into the causes of the accident the then mayor, Serhiy Shershnev, and his deputy, Ihor Laktionov, resigned.
The economic base of Kamianske is almost exclusively centered on heavy industry, with ferrous metallurgy being the backbone of the local economy. Around 57% of the total industrial production is metallurgy and metal working. The chemical industry comes second with ca. 17% share of the total industrial output. While the exceedingly industrialized nature of the local economy ensures a rather high employment rate (as of 01.11.2007, official unemployment stood at 1,40%), it also contributes to excessive pollution and radiation levels in the city.
Several Eastern Orthodox churches, the largest being the Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas, which dates from 1894, serve the faithful of the city. By 2008, there were 14 parishes of Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Kamianske.
The Roman Catholic Church of Saint Nicholas built by the city's Polish community at the end of the nineteenth century, has become one of the centers of Roman Catholicism in Eastern Ukraine. The Catholic Parish of Saint Nicholas also includes a monastery run by the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.
The town has an active Jewish community with a new synagogue and community center.
Kamianske is a city with a very difficult environmental conditions. There have been suggestions to assign the status of the ecological disaster city. Right-bank part of the city is mostly polluted, where the metallurgical, chemical industrial enterprises are located.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Kamianske is twinned with:
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Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
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- Belitskaia, EN (May–Jun 1996). "Belitskaia EN". Likarska sprava (5–6): 74–8. PMID 9377406.
- Official web-site of Kamyanska Eparchy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)
- Order of Friars Minor Capuchin Vice Province of Ukraine
- "Mayor Lays Cornerstone for New Synagogue and Community Center in Ukraine". Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS. July 20, 2006.
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