July 4, 1894|
Murray City, Ohio
|Died||November 1, 1964
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
|2× Helms Athletic Foundation National Championship (1928, 1930)
Premo-Porretta National Championship (1928)
NCAA Final Four (1941)
4× Eastern Intercollegiate Conference Championship (1933–1935, 1937)
|NABC Most Contributions to the Game (1948)|
|Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1959
|College Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2006
Henry Clifford "Doc" Carlson (July 4, 1894 – November 1, 1964) is a Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame inductee as the men's college basketball coach of his alma mater, the University of Pittsburgh, from 1922 to 1953. At Pitt he compiled a record of 367–247 record (.595). His 1927–28 team finished the season with a 21–0 record and was retroactively named the national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation and the Premo-Porretta Power Poll; Carlson's Panthers would receive retroactive recognition as the Helms national champion for the 1929–30 season as well. Carlson also led Pitt to the Final Four in 1941. As a student at the university, Carlson was also a First Team All-American end on Pitt's football team under coach "Pop" Warner. Carlson also lettered in basketball and baseball.
Carlson was born in Murray City, Ohio. He played high school football, basketball, and baseball (1910–1914) at Bellefonte Academy in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. During his undergraduate years at the University of Pittsburgh (1914–1918) he earned three letters in basketball, two in baseball, four in football. He played on the 1916 Pitt football team that is widely regarded as that season's national champion and was selected as an All-American football player while playing for Pitt's undefeated 1917 team.
After graduation in 1918, Carlson completed his medical degree at Pitt in 1920, but then joined the Cleveland Indians professional football team for one season. When in 1922 Andrew Kerr, who was Pitt's basketball coach and assistant football coach, left to become football head coach at Stanford University, Pitt hired "Doc" Carlson as its new basketball coach. Simultaneously he practiced as a physician for the Carnegie Steel Company.
Carlson was famous for his Figure 8 offense, an innovation that many coaches copied. In 1928 Pittsburgh went a perfect 21–0 and the national championship. His Panthers won another national title in 1930. (Both were selected as national champions, prior to the advent of NCAA Tournament, by the Helms Athletic Foundation.) He also led the Panthers to Eastern Intercollegiate Conference championships in four out of the seven years of the conference's existence. In 1931 Carlson became the first Eastern coach to take a collegiate team westward, going on the road to beat the University of Kansas, the University of Colorado, Stanford, and the University of Southern California. He also wrote the book You and Basketball.
Legend has it that Carlson offered Stan Musial a basketball scholarship to Pitt, but Musial only wanted to play baseball, and had secretly signed a contract with the St. Louis Cardinals' Monessen, Pennsylvania ball club of the Class D Pennsylvania State League Association.
Carlson became Pitt's director of student health services in 1932 and held that position until his retirement in 1953. Apart from his brief stint in the NFL, he spent the first 43 years of his adult life at Pitt as a student and coach. He died November 1, 1964 at his home in Ligonier, Pennsylvania.
Carlson was inducted into the Helms Athletic Foundation Hall of Fame in 1949, the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in its inaugural class in 1959, and the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame in its inaugural class of 2006.
Head coaching record
|Pittsburgh Panthers (NCAA Independent) (1922–1932)|
|1927–28||Pittsburgh||21-0||Helms Foundation National Champions
Premo-Porretta National Champions
|1929–30||Pittsburgh||23-2||Helms Foundation National Champions|
|Pittsburgh Panthers (Eastern Intercollegiate Conference) (1932–1939)|
|1934–35||Pittsburgh||18-6||7-2||1st*||American Legion Bowl|
|Pittsburgh Panthers (NCAA Independent) (1939–1953)|
|1940–41||Pittsburgh||13-6||NCAA Final Four|
|Pittsburgh:||367–248 (.597)||47–20 (.701)|
National champion Postseason invitational champion
* Eastern Intercollegiate Conference championships between teams with identical records were decided by a one-game playoff in these seasons (included in conference record totals).
- "Pittsburgh Panthers season-by-season results". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "NCAA Division I Men's Basketball – NCAA Division I Champions". Rauzulu's Street. 2004. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- ESPN, ed. (2009). ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia: The Complete History of the Men's Game. New York, NY: ESPN Books. p. 539. ISBN 978-0-345-51392-2.
- "College Football Data Warehouse: Pittsburgh Composite Championship Listing: Recognized National Championships". Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- "The College". 1918 University of Pittsburgh Commencement. University of Pittsburgh. May 31, 1918. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "School of Medicine". 1920 University of Pittsburgh Commencement. University of Pittsburgh. June 9, 1920. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Hall of Famers:Henry Clifford Carlson". Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- ESPN Editors (2009). ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia: The Complete History of the Men's Game. New York, NY: ESPN Books. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-345-51392-2. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Hotchkiss, Greg (2012). Pitt Basketball 2012-13 Media Guide & Fact Book (PDF). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Athletic Media Relations Office. pp. 171–175. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Sciullo, Sam, Jr. (2005). Pitt: 100 Years of Pitt Basketball. Champaign: Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-59670-081-5.
- "2008-09 Pittsburgh Men's Basketball Media Guide". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2008-11-05.