|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 4th district
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Jay Inslee|
|Succeeded by||Dan Newhouse|
|Chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee|
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Nick Rahall|
|Succeeded by||Rob Bishop|
|Chairman of the House Ethics Committee|
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Joel Hefley|
|Succeeded by||Stephanie Tubbs Jones|
|Member of the Washington House of Representatives
from the 16th district
January 8, 1979 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Charles Kilbury|
|Succeeded by||Bill Grant|
|Born||Richard Norman Hastings
February 7, 1941
Spokane, Washington, U.S.
|Alma mater||Columbia Basin College
Central Washington University
|Service/branch||United States Army Reserve|
|Years of service||1963–1969|
Richard Norman "Doc" Hastings (born February 7, 1941) is an American politician and member of the Republican Party who served as the U.S. Representative for Washington's 4th congressional district from 1995 until his retirement in 2015. The district includes much of central Washington including the Tri-Cities, Yakima, and Moses Lake. The most conservative Republican in Washington's Congressional delegation, he chaired the House Committee on Ethics from 2005 to 2007 and chaired the House Committee on Natural Resources from 2011 to his leaving office.
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 Washington House of Representatives
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life, education, and business career
Richard Norman Hastings was born in Spokane, Washington to Ivan and Florene Hastings; he is of part Norwegian ancestry on the maternal side of his family. He served in the United States Army Reserve from 1964 to 1969.
He studied business administration at Columbia Basin College and Central Washington State College, but did not graduate from either. He was named Columbia Basin Alumni of the Year in 2001. He returned to Central Washington as commencement speaker in 2008.
Before being elected to Congress, Hastings ran his family-owned small business, Columbia Basin Paper and Supply. He was an active member of the Pasco Chamber of Commerce, the Pasco/Kennewick Rotary Club, the Pasco Downtown Development Association, and the Pasco Jaycees. He served on the Board of Directors of Yakima Federal Savings.
Washington House of Representatives
In 1978, Hastings ran for Washington's 16th House District (seat 2). He defeated incumbent Democratic State Representative Charles Kilbury 62%–38%. In 1980, he won re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Dorothy Miller 70%–30%. In 1982, he was re-elected to a third term against Democrat Sandy Dodd by 55%–45%. In 1984, he won re-election to a fourth term, defeating Democrat Bill Grant 52%–48%.
Hastings served in the Washington House of Representatives from 1979 to 1987, where he was selected by his colleagues to be Assistant Majority Leader and Republican Caucus Chairman. In 1983, he challenged the constitutionality of the state's 1.1% sales tax hike. He voluntarily left the Legislature, claiming family reasons.
He served on the House Tax Advisory Committee.
U.S. House of Representatives
Incumbent Republican Sid Morrison, of Washington's 4th congressional district, decided to retire in 1992 in order to run for Governor of Washington. Hastings ran, but lost in the general election to Democratic State Representative Jay Inslee, 51%–49%. Although Hastings carried the Tri-Cities, he lost the rest of the district. He won three (Benton, Franklin, and Adams) of the district's ten counties.
Hastings sought a rematch against Inslee in 1994, and defeated him, 53%–47%, winning eight of the district's ten counties. In 1996, he was re-elected to a second term, defeating Democrat Rick Locke 53%–47%. He never faced another contest anywhere near that close, and was reelected eight more times with at least 60% of the vote.
- Political positions
"Top priorities must be creating jobs, getting our economy back on track, and stopping reckless spending that has left our nation with the largest deficit in history," wrote Hastings in response to Project Vote Smart. The Seattle Post-Intelligencer considers Hastings to be a "down-the-line supporter of the House Republican leadership".
Hastings has served as Chairman of the House Committee on Natural Resources since January 2011 and is a proponent of increasing domestic production of oil and gas, including drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska. In November 2010 he said that "Promoting new domestic energy production, including in the Arctic, will be a priority" for the Committee.
- Interest group ratings
Hastings has a lifetime score of 3% from the League of Conservation Voters.
Hastings is rated as one of the most pro-business representatives in Congress, according to the United States Chamber of Commerce which gives Hastings a score of 94 out of 100 based on his 16-year voting record. The fiscally conservative 501(c)4 organization Club for Growth gave Hastings a grade of 94 out of 100.
The National Taxpayers Union gives Hastings a grade of A. Hastings has been given an 'A' grade by Keep America Safe, a national security PAC formed by Liz Cheney. He earned a 95.15% lifetime rating, as of 2010, from the American Conservative Union.
Hastings is pro-life, demonstrated by consistent ratings of 100% from the National Right to Life Committee. He has received mixed ratings from some national agricultural groups. For 2009–2010 the American Farm Bureau Federation gave Representative Hastings a 66% rating. His rating from the National Association of Wheat Growers was 25 percent in 2008.
In 2009 and 2010, he received grades of "D" and "F" from the teachers union-affiliated National Education Association, and 0% from the American Association of University Women. In 2009–10, Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America gave Hastings a grade of "D".
Hastings was instrumental in 2002 in building the case that led to the expulsion of Congressman James Traficant (D-OH) from the United States Congress. As Chairman of the Investigative Subcommittee of the United States House Committee on Ethics, Hastings was tasked with reviewing the file from Traficant's trial and other material to determine if there had been a violation of House rules. Hastings said on the floor of the House, "After considering all of the evidence, I concluded that Mr. Traficant's offenses were so serious and so purposeful that expulsion from the House is the only appropriate sanction". The measure to remove Traficant from the House passed 420-1.
In 1996, lobbyist Jack Abramoff and his firm had as many as 36 contacts with Hasting's office, resulting in as many as 85.57 billed hours regarding the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Abramoff bragged to the CNMI of having "excellent" ties to Hastings. Hastings' 2004 campaign had received $1,000 from Abramoff personally and an additional $5,647 from Abramoff's lobbying firm, which was also one of the largest law firms in the State of Washington, Preston Gates. Preston Gates, Microsoft's law and lobbying firm, also contributed to Washington Democrats during that cycle, including to Seattle's Jim McDermott.
Following Hastings' work that led to Traficant's removal from the House, he was named to the Chairmanship of the United States House Committee on Ethics. Soon after being named Chairman, two senior staff members for the committee were fired, and Hastings attempted to place his office Chief of Staff, Ed Cassidy, onto the Ethics Committee staff. Democrats cast this a partisan move, while Republicans pointed out that such a change in staff is the norm with the naming of a new committee chairman. Hastings came under fire during his chairmanship of the Ethics Committee, due to claims by Democrats of inaction regarding then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay. By rule, the House Ethics Committee's work, votes, and investigative findings are kept strictly confidential.
In 2008, Hastings, by now the ranking member of the Ethics Committee, pushed the investigation of Charlie Rangel. A four-person investigative subcommittee was formed with Hastings as co-chair. The subcommittee's subsequent report led to Rangel's loss of the chairmanship of the powerful Ways and Means Committee and censure by the House in 2010.
- Committee on Natural Resources (Chairman)
- As Chairman of the full committee, Hastings may serve as an ex officio member of all subcommittees.
Hastings chaired the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, also known as the House Ethics Committee from 2005–2007,(109th United States Congress)replacing outgoing chair Joel Hefley. He switched to ranking member 2007–2009 when the Democrats won the majority for the 110th United States Congress.
- House Nuclear Clean-Up Caucus (Chairman and founder)
- Northwest Energy Caucus (Co-chair)
- Rural Health Care Coalition
- Specialty Crop Caucus
- Hastings is the senior Republican in Congress from the Pacific Northwest.
- On April 12, 2013, Hastings introduced the Restoring Healthy Forests for Healthy Communities Act (H.R. 1526; 113th Congress). The bill would direct the United States Department of Agriculture to establish at least one Forest Reserve Revenue Area within each unit of the National Forest System designated for sustainable forest management for the production of national forest materials (the sale of trees, portions of trees, or forest products from System lands) and forest reserve revenues (to be derived from the sale of such materials in such an Area). The bill states that the purpose of an Area is to provide a dependable source of 25% payments and economic activity for each beneficiary county containing System land that was eligible to receive payments through its state under the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000.
- On June 19, 2014, Hastings introduced the Lowering Gasoline Prices to Fuel an America That Works Act of 2014 (H.R. 4899; 113th Congress). The bill would revise existing laws and policies regarding the development of oil and gas resources on the Outer Continental Shelf. The bill is intended to increase domestic energy production and lower gas prices. Hastings argued that "the current turmoil in Iraq has already caused the price of gasoline to increase, and it serves as an important reminder of why we need to increase production here at home" because it is the "best way to protect ourselves from price spikes caused by international conflicts."
In 1967, Hastings married his wife, Claire, in Sacramento, California; the couple has three children: Kirsten, Petrina, and Colin.
|1992||Jay Inslee||106,556||51%||Richard Hastings||103,028||49%|
|1994||Jay Inslee||81,198||47%||Richard Hastings||92,828||53%|
|1996||Rick Locke||96,502||47%||Richard Hastings||108,647||53%|
|1998||Gordon Allen Pross||43,043||24%||Richard Hastings||121,684||69%||Peggy S. McKerlie||Reform||11,363||6%|
|2000||Jim Davis||87,585||37%||Richard Hastings||143,259||61%||Fred D. Krauss||Libertarian||4,260||2%|
|2002||Craig Mason||53,572||33%||Richard Hastings||108,257||67%|
|2004||Sandy Matheson||92,486||37%||Richard Hastings||154,627||63%|
|2006||Richard Wright||77,054||40%||Richard Hastings||115,246||60%|
|2008||George Fearing||99,430||37%||Richard Hastings||169,940||63%|
|2010||Jay Clough||69,512||32%||Richard Hastings||145,317||68%|
- "What's Up Doc?: Washington's Most Conservative Congressman Bids Farewell". Seattle Weekly. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Rep. Doc Hastings, state's most conservative congressman, to retire". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Rep. Doc Hastings (R-Wash.) to retire". The Washington Post. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- Deaths of Ivan and Florene Hastings Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Facts & Impacts (PDF). Columbia Basin College. 2001. p. 23.
- McIntyre, Jerilyn S. (June 2008). "2008 CWU EASTSIDE/WESTSIDE COMMENCEMENTS". CWU University Bulletin. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- 1983 challenge by Hastings to the constitutionality of Washington's 1.1% sales tax hike
- "About Richard". Hastings Backgrounder. Friends of Richard Hastings. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Project Vote Smart, Washington Congressional Election 2010 Political Courage Test Cite error: Invalid
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- "Effort aims to block oil drilling in refuge; Environmentalists fear a possible GOP bid to open a sensitive Alaska wildlife zone", Los Angeles Times, November 20, 2010.
- "National Environmental Scorecard". League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "U.S. Chamber of Commerce Ranks Hastings". Chamber of Commerce web site. U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
- "Hastings Rated High". Scorecard. Club for Growth. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "Hastings Scores High with Taxpayers". Taxpayers Union Scorecard. National Taxpayers Union. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- "Keep America Safe Scorecard". Hastings Receives the A Grade. Keep America Safe. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "American Conservative Union Ranks Hastings". American Conservative Union Rankings. American Conservative Union. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- Pope, Charles (July 26, 2002). "Potomac Watch". Richard Hastings took the lead in Traficant's expulsion. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- 1996 CNMI Preston Gates Ellis Invoices
- Alicia Mundy, "Pasco Congressman in Rare Spotlight", The Seattle Times, June 10, 2005.
- "Candidate Summary Report". Richard Hastings. Federal Elections Commission. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Alicia Mundy, "Hastings says ethics panel won't investigate DeLay", The Seattle Times, October 6, 2005; "House Ethics Chair Fires Lawyers", Associated Press, February 16, 2005, which can viewed here; Mike Allen "House Ethics Panel in Gridlock; Democrats Refuse to Participate Under New GOP Rules," Washington Post, March 11, 2005, Page A02; Alicia Mundy, "Ethics claims target Doc Hastings," Seattle Times, June 25, 2005; Gail Russell Chaddock, "House ethics panel lapses at an awkward time", Christian Science Monitor, April 26, 2005.
- Lee and Pershing, Christopher and Ben (September 9, 2008). "Official Rangel Probe Appears Likely". Washington Post. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "H.R. 1526 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
- "CBO – H.R. 4899" (PDF). Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Marcos, Cristina (June 26, 2014). "House passes bill to increase offshore energy projects". The Hill. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Graeber, Daniel J. (June 27, 2014). "House measure on gas aimed at lower prices". UPI. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doc Hastings.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 4th congressional district
|Chairman of the House Ethics Committee
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
|Chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee