Kaltukatjara

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Kaltukatjara (Docker River)
Northern Territory
Kaltukatjara (Docker River) is located in Northern Territory
Kaltukatjara (Docker River)
Kaltukatjara (Docker River)
Coordinates 24°52′27″S 129°05′01″E / 24.87417°S 129.08361°E / -24.87417; 129.08361Coordinates: 24°52′27″S 129°05′01″E / 24.87417°S 129.08361°E / -24.87417; 129.08361
Population 355 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1968
Postcode(s) 0872
Location
LGA(s) Central Land Council
Territory electorate(s) Namatjira
Federal Division(s) Lingiari
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
37.2 °C
99 °F
6.8 °C
44 °F
284.2 mm
11.2 in

Kaltukatjara (25°47′20″S 128°59′50″E / 25.788763°S 128.997345°E / -25.788763; 128.997345) is a remote Indigenous Australian community in the Northern Territory of Australia. It is southwest of Alice Springs, west of the Stuart Highway, near the Western Australia and Northern Territory border. At the 2006 census, Kaltukatjara had a population of 355.[1]

The community is also known as Docker River, which is the European name for the township. It is on a wadi called the Docker Creek on the north side of the west end of the Petermann Ranges in the southwest corner of Northern Territory in Australia.

History[edit]

A permanent settlement at "Docker River" was established in 1968 to relieve pressure on the Warburton settlement and provide an opportunity for Indigenous Australians to live closer to their homelands.[2]

PY Media states that Kaltukatjara acquired its European name "Docker River" from explorer Ernest Giles, as well as other history, as follows:

The site that is now Kaltukatjara was originally named Docker River by Ernest Giles during his expedition of 1872.

Pastors Duguid and Strehlow surveyed the area in the 1930s with a view to establishing a settlement for the people in the area. It was decided not to proceed with this at that time. During the 30s and 40s Luther(a)n missionaries told the Pitjantjatjara people of the Kaltukatjara area to go to Areyonga (then an outstation of Hermannsburg mission) where they would be supplied with food and clothing. Although many Anangu moved in of their own free will, some stayed in the Petermanns.

In the 1960s Areyonga Anangu strongly desired to move back to the area around Docker River and with government assistance a permanent settlement was established there in 1967-8. Over 300 Anangu moved to establish the new settlement.

By the proclamation of the Aboriginal Lands Rights (N.T.) Act, 1976, Anangu in the region gained freehold title to these traditional lands an area of 44,970 square kilometres.

Geography[edit]

Kaltukatjara lies on the Petermann Road which becomes the Great Central Road when it crosses into Western Australia 7 kilometres to the west.

Climate[edit]

Based upon the climate records of the nearest weather station at Giles across the border to the west in Western Australia, Kaltukatjara experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 37.2 degrees Celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 19.9 degrees Celsius in July. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 23.5 degrees in January to 6.8 degrees in June.

Annual rainfall averages 284.2 millimetres.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The 2001 ABS Census recorded that there were 297 people living in the community, an increase of 20 on the 277 people disclosed in the 1997 Census.[4]

The people speak Pitjantjatjara and Ngaatjatjarra and largely identify as Anangu people.

The 2001 Census revealed that Kaltukatjara was second only to its northern neighbour Kintore in the having the highest proportion of its population engaged in health and community services (26.3%).[5]

Governance[edit]

Before 2008-07-01, Kaltukatjara was served by the Kaltukatjara Community Council, composed of twelve residents who are elected annually. The Council served as the local government and qualified as a "local government area". On 2008-07-01, it became part of the new MacDonnell Shire.

Facilities[edit]

Water for the Kaltukatjara supply system is obtained from 3 bores, 1 located near the ground tanks and 2 approximately 1.5 km west of the community. There are 3 ground tanks and 1 raised tank in the community. Water quality is of a high standard with chlorine needed only on rare occasions.

Kaltukatjara has a sewerage system and some houses are fitted with their own septic tanks.

Electricity is provided by 3 diesel power generators.

Roads within the township are sealed but the Petermann Road (the main road to the community) is unsealed.

Kaltukatjara has an unsealed airstrip, general store (with petrol supplies), Maruku Arts and Crafts centre, recreation hall, aged care facility, health centre, school, 2 public telephones, an Australian Rules football oval and basketball court.

There is a Lutheran church with a resident pastor, overseen by the Lutheran Church's Finke River Mission board.[6]

In 2009, feral camels had become a major problem for local residents. Preparations for an emergency cull of 6,000 of the animals using a sharpshooter were underway.[7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]