|Kaltukatjara (Docker River)
|Population||355 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||Central Land Council|
Kaltukatjara (Indigenous Australian community in the Northern Territory of Australia. It is southwest of Alice Springs, west of the Stuart Highway, near the Western Australia and Northern Territory border. At the 2006 census, Kaltukatjara had a population of 355.) is a remote
The community is also known as Docker River, which is the European name for the township. It is on a wadi called the Docker Creek on the north side of the west end of the Petermann Ranges in the southwest corner of Northern Territory in Australia.
A permanent settlement at "Docker River" was established in 1968 to relieve pressure on the Warburton settlement and provide an opportunity for Indigenous Australians to live closer to their homelands.
PY Media states that Kaltukatjara acquired its European name "Docker River" from explorer Ernest Giles, as well as other history, as follows:
The site that is now Kaltukatjara was originally named Docker River by Ernest Giles during his expedition of 1872.
Pastors Duguid and Strehlow surveyed the area in the 1930s with a view to establishing a settlement for the people in the area. It was decided not to proceed with this at that time. During the 30s and 40s Luther(a)n missionaries told the Pitjantjatjara people of the Kaltukatjara area to go to Areyonga (then an outstation of Hermannsburg mission) where they would be supplied with food and clothing. Although many Anangu moved in of their own free will, some stayed in the Petermanns.
In the 1960s Areyonga Anangu strongly desired to move back to the area around Docker River and with government assistance a permanent settlement was established there in 1967-8. Over 300 Anangu moved to establish the new settlement.
By the proclamation of the Aboriginal Lands Rights (N.T.) Act, 1976, Anangu in the region gained freehold title to these traditional lands an area of 44,970 square kilometres.
Based upon the climate records of the nearest weather station at Giles across the border to the west in Western Australia, Kaltukatjara experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 37.2 degrees Celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 19.9 degrees Celsius in July. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 23.5 degrees in January to 6.8 degrees in June.
Annual rainfall averages 284.2 millimetres.
The 2001 Census revealed that Kaltukatjara was second only to its northern neighbour Kintore in the having the highest proportion of its population engaged in health and community services (26.3%).
Before 2008-07-01, Kaltukatjara was served by the Kaltukatjara Community Council, composed of twelve residents who are elected annually. The Council served as the local government and qualified as a "local government area". On 2008-07-01, it became part of the new MacDonnell Shire.
Water for the Kaltukatjara supply system is obtained from 3 bores, 1 located near the ground tanks and 2 approximately 1.5 km west of the community. There are 3 ground tanks and 1 raised tank in the community. Water quality is of a high standard with chlorine needed only on rare occasions.
Kaltukatjara has a sewerage system and some houses are fitted with their own septic tanks.
Electricity is provided by 3 diesel power generators.
Roads within the township are sealed but the Petermann Road (the main road to the community) is unsealed.
Kaltukatjara has an unsealed airstrip, general store (with petrol supplies), Maruku Arts and Crafts centre, recreation hall, aged care facility, health centre, school, 2 public telephones, an Australian Rules football oval and basketball court.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kaltukatjara (Docker River) (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Tjulyuru Arts Centre - History timeline
- Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology data
- ABS 2001 Data (Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet)
- ABS 2001 Selected Characteristics of Urban Centres and Localities;
- PY Media Waru website
- "Town under siege: 6,000 camels to be shot". ABC News. 26 November 2009.