approx 28 species, including:
The genus Dockrillia was first raised by Friedrich Gustav Brieger in 1981 and the name was used for about forty species of orchids in the family Orchidaceae. The name was used by authors including David Jones, Mark Clements and Stephan Rauschert for some species formerly included in the genus Dendrobium. The species included were those that combined the following features: lack of pseudobulbs; a single fleshy leaf on the end of a short stem; a flowering stem emerging from the base of a leaf; and a labellum with three lobes.
A 2008 paper, based on a study the molecular phylogenetics of a wide range of related orchids, concluded that "the splitting of Australasian dendrobiums into various genera by other authors is excessive and unnecessary". The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families includes Dockrillia, Grastidium, Thelychiton, Wikia, Vappodes and other used by Jones as synonyms of Dendrobium. In Australia, the two senior herbaria in Sydney and Melbourne also prefer Dendrobium.
Species of Dockrillia listed in Dendrobium include:
- Dockrillia wassellii, the furrowed pencil orchid.
- Dockrillia cucumerina, the cucumber orchid, has leaves shaped like little cucumbers.
- Dockrillia linguiformis the tongue orchid - from Latin: lingua which means 'tongue', and formis which means 'shaped'. The thick and leathery leaves grow from a creeping rhizone, either as an epiphyte or as a lithophyte.
- Dockrillia pugioniformis, the dagger orchid, from the shape of its leaves. Plants can grow to very large specimens, often completely covering a large branch of a large tree.
- Dockrillia teretifolia, the pencil orchid, from the shape of its leaves. It has a pendulous growth and is sometimes known as the bridal veil orchid.
- Dockrillia striolata, the streaked rock orchid.
- Dockrillia fairfaxii (syn. Dendrobium teretifolium) the Blue Mountains pencil orchid
- "Dockrillia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
- Jones, David L. (2006). A complete guide to native orchids of Australia including the island territories. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: New Holland. p. 388. ISBN 1877069124.
- Burke, Jacinta M.; Bayly, Michael J.; Adams, Peter B.; Ladiges, Pauline Y. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae), with emphasis on the Australian section Dendrocoryne , and implications for generic classification". Australian Systematic Botany. 21 (1): 1–14. doi:10.1071/SB07038. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- "Dendrobium". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
- P.H. Weston. "Dendrobium, PlantNET - NSW Flora Online, Retrieved January 21st, 2018,".
- Jeff Jeanes. "Dendrobium, VICFLORA, Flora of Victoria, Retrieved January 21st, 2018,".
- Kew Gardens. "Dockrillia linguiforme as a synonym of Dendrobium linguiforme, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Science: World Checklist of Selected Families (WCSP), Retrieved January 21st, 2018,".
- Australian Plants Online. "What is a Dockrillia?" Archived 2009-10-24 at the Wayback Machine
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