Doctor Light (Arthur Light)
|First appearance||Justice League of America #12 (June 1962)|
|Created by||Gardner Fox
|Team affiliations||The Society
Black Lantern Corps
Doctor Light (Arthur Light) is a supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. He is the third individual to have adopted the persona of Doctor Light with the alias previously been used by a Golden Age foe of Doctor Mid-Nite and later Arthur's associate Jacob Finlay. Light, a long-time enemy of the Teen Titans and the Justice League, has been portrayed both as a serious menace and as a company in-joke for incompetent supervillains. His stint as Doctor Light is concurrent with that of a superheroine using the same name and nearly identical costume, Kimiyo Hoshi. In 2009, Doctor Light was ranked as IGN's 84th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Fictional character biography
The first Silver Age Doctor Light was a criminal physicist named Doctor Arthur Light, who first appeared in Justice League of America #12, where he succeeded in capturing the League with light rays after first drawing them in by capturing Aquaman, then sending the League to different planets based on their weaknesses. He sent Superman to a red sun world, and Aquaman to a waterless one using faster light that opened wormholes. He then ordered Snapper Carr to write this down, before imprisoning him in a light field. He had not realised Superman and Batman had impersonated each other after Batman had been concerned about how easily the villain had overcome the other members, allowing Superman to escape the world he was sent to and rescue the other members. However, Light nearly succeeded in taking over the world after fooling the League with three duplicates of himself that were apparently committing robberies of light-associated objects, though they were actually placing devices around the world. Green Lantern realized this trick and faked his death to track Doctor Light, finally stopping him before he pulled the lever that would have set off the light impulses allowing him to take over the world. A retcon introduced in Secret Origins #37 revealed that this character was actually the second Doctor Light. According to the retcon, his predecessor was his partner at S.T.A.R. Labs, a scientist named Jacob Finlay. Finlay created a technologically advanced suit to control light allowing him to be a minor superhero, but was accidentally killed by Arthur Light near the beginning of his heroic career (though Finlay's death may have been caused by hiding his costume in a computer console, causing it to malfunction). Light took the suit and the "Doctor Light" codename, using them for selfish, criminal ends. He has been periodically haunted by Finlay's ghost through the years, but could use the light generated by the suit to drive off this spirit.
Through the Silver and Bronze Ages, Doctor Light was a minor but persistent foe for a number of heroes. He first fought the Justice League and, after he failed to defeat that group, fought their former sidekicks, the Teen Titans. In JLA #136, he was one of King Kull's agents with which the Beast-Man hoped to wipe out humanity on all three Earths, helping in the attack on Earth-S by creating perputual light and darkness on each side of the Earth, and teaming up with the Shade. He was turned to stone by King Kull's satellites, but restored when they were destroyed. He was also notably beaten by a solo Hal Jordan not long after his defeat by the JLA. He then founded the supervillain team the Fearsome Five, but they were also defeated by the Titans, and Light was violently expelled from the Five by his teammates. Each criminal caper led to Light's defeat (as villains always went down in defeat in the Silver and Bronze Ages), but these defeats were used later as the basis of his humiliation that culminated in the events of the "Identity Crisis" storyline and its aftereffects.
Driven by self-doubt and guilt, thanks in part to Finlay's ghostly presence, he volunteers for the Suicide Squad, a group of incarcerated supervillains who perform dangerous missions for the US government in exchange for clemency. On a mission against the patriotism-themed super-team called the "Force of July", he encounters Sparkler, the Force's youngest member. The presence of a superpowered child reminds him of past defeats and he lashes out, killing Sparkler with a blast through the chest.
During his time with the Squad, Light demonstrates a simple desire to be liked by the other members. He sees his chance when a mysterious pie-armed attacker is on the loose but after faking a hit nobody actually believes Light has been pied.
Finally, Finlay's ghost convinces Light to attempt a heroic turn during a mission where multiple members of the team, some unwillingly, have traveled to Apokolips. Light is swiftly shot dead by Parademons. Light was thus sent to Hell, where he was physically reunited with Finlay. Under the watch of a lesser demon and its annoying assistant, both men were released from Hell in turns and returned to life. Both would only soon die again: Arthur Light suffocates while still inside his grave, while the desiccated Finlay claws his way out of his own grave but was killed by a family of religious vigilantes. Arthur Light was again returned to life, and barely survives a great fall that his demonic tormentors may have intended to be fatal. Arthur also finds time to possess the body of the female Doctor Light, Kimiyo Hoshi. With the aide of her teacher, Kimiyo is able to reject Arthur's presence.
Doctor Light, freed of his ex-partner's hauntings, attempts to rejoin the Suicide Squad, but his appeal was summarily rejected by Amanda Waller.
He later becomes trapped in a Green Lantern power battery which would eventually came under the possession of Kyle Rayner, and as a consequence was temporarily transformed into living light. He later joined a short-lived incarnation of the Injustice Gang, in which he assisted Lex Luthor in building holographic duplicates of the JLA.
Identity Crisis onwards
The controversial 2004 miniseries Identity Crisis retroactively revealed that Doctor Light had, at some point in the past, encountered and raped Sue Dibny, the wife of the superhero Elongated Man, on the JLA Satellite. Later issues revealed that he was a serial rapist, with Light bragging that Dibny was not his first victim. After taking a vote (which was not unanimous; the voting members were Hawkman, Zatanna, and the Atom for the mindwipe, and Green Lantern, Green Arrow, and Black Canary against, with Flash casting the decisive vote after the recent death of his wife), the Justice League resolved to alter his mind through the use of Zatanna's magic so that Light would no longer pose a threat to their loved ones. In the process, they accidentally gave him a partial lobotomy, thus explaining how he fell from a plausible foe of the Justice League to a punching bag for the Teen Titans or Little Boy Blue. He later recovered his memories and intellect when witnessing a fight between the League members responsible for his mind-wipe — Kyle Rayner and Wally West replacing Hal Jordan and Barry Allen, respectively — and Deathstroke, and vowed revenge against the Justice League.
When Doctor Light was next seen, he had captured Green Arrow, using him as bait so he could get revenge on the Teen Titans. The entire Teen Titans roster, former and current, responds to the call, but he successfully and brutally defeats them all. Ultimately, after a mass battle against the Titans wears him down, Cyborg is able to gain the upper-hand by using a device to drain the light out of the area, rendering Light powerless. Batman and Batgirl appeared to take him to prison, but revealed themselves to him to be Deathstroke and Ravager in disguise, and offered Light a place in the new Secret Society of Super Villains, a villainous organization headed by Lex Luthor. Doctor Light, hungry for vengeance and power, readily accepted.
As a Society member, he aided Merlyn and Deathstroke in defeating Green Arrow in Star City. Doctor Light then attacked and absorbed a great deal of power from the female hero Doctor Light, later referring to his treatment of her as raping her. However, Kimiyo Hoshi eventually regained the powers he drained from her.
One Year Later and Final Crisis
In the Justice League of America Wedding Special, Light was a member of the Injustice League Unlimited. During a battle with the Justice League, fellow Injustice Leaguer Cheetah betrayed him and slashed him in the back because of her hatred of rapists. Shortly after, the entire Injustice League was captured and deported to an alien world by the Suicide Squad; Doctor Light was consequently one of the villains featured in Salvation Run.
After returning to Earth, in DC Universe #0, Doctor Light was a member of Libra's Secret Society of Super Villains. In Final Crisis #1, he and Mirror Master were sent by Libra to recover Metron's chair. They are briefly challenged by Empress, Sparx, and Más y Menos, but defeated them fairly easily by combining Light's beams with Mirror Master's mirrors. Light also aided in the murder of the Martian Manhunter, assisting the Human Flame and Libra.
Later, in Final Crisis: Revelations #1, the Spectre delivered final judgment on Doctor Light (who is discovered in the middle of a mock superhero rape orgy with various women dressed as Teen Titans), and burned him to death by turning him into a candle, using his head as the wick. The Spectre, in his characteristically ironic fashion, chose this punishment because of Light's abuse of his ability to manipulate light.
The Milestone Comics group known as the Shadow Cabinet attempt to steal the remains of Light, still in the form of a candle. This is revealed in the next issue to be a false premise; Superman and Icon set this scenario up to familiarize the Shadow Cabinet with the JLA. The candle is, however, used by Hardware to restore to Kimiyo Hoshi the remaining powers Arthur stole from her.
During the Blackest Night event, Doctor Light is identified as one of the deceased entombed below the Hall of Justice. Doctor Light's corpse was revived as a Black Lantern during the event. He was later seen devouring the remains of Gehenna's corpse, and attacking Kimiyo Hoshi. The two battle, with Arthur gaining the upper hand by employing psychology to make Kimiyo doubt herself. However, just as he is on the verge of victory, he makes the fatal mistake of threatening Kimiyo's children, enraging her to the point where she produces a light strong enough to completely incinerate Arthur and his ring.
The New 52
In The New 52 (a reboot of the DC Comics universe), Arthur Light is a scientist working with A.R.G.U.S. and the Justice League of America. As he was studying a communicator used by the Secret Society of Super Villains, he received a "nasty call" and was engulfed in an explosion of light leaving his body glowing on the floor. When Director Amanda Waller goes to check up on Arthur Light, she finds him having been transformed. Arthur Light pleads for Amanda Waller to help him. Amanda Waller remarks that she and A.R.G.U.S. will help Arthur Light if he "helps us."
During the "Trinity War" storyline, Doctor Light is next seen as a reluctant member of the new Justice League of America, and expresses disgust over being made to harm Ronnie Raymond and Jason Rusch. During his first mission with the team, he is seemingly killed by Superman. Batman asks the Phantom Stranger to bring him to the afterlife so he can question Doctor Light about what really happened. The Phantom Stranger initially declines, but after hearing how Arthur Light was a family man, and left behind a wife and three daughters, he reconsiders. The Phantom Stranger takes Batman, Katana, and Deadman with him. Once through "Heaven's Basement", they arrive in a neighborhood of Heaven that was created by the beliefs of a soul. However, Katana and Batman both drift off into a space of Heaven that they both created. While the Phantom Stranger was rescuing them, Deadman was able to locate Doctor Light. Doctor Light had created a personal universe composed of light and is suspended in a globe-like "womb". Batman orders Katana to break the womb and frees Doctor Light, with the Phantom Stranger able to resuscitate him. When Batman questions him, the group learns that he doesn't remember anything about his death. The Phantom Stranger tells Doctor Light that he will try to free him from the afterlife, so he can be with his family. Weary of the end results, Doctor Light gives a piece of his soul to the Phantom Stranger in hopes that he can give it to his family as a final gift if he doesn't get out. As the group is ready to leave, Zauriel appears and dismisses Batman, Katana and Deadman. He returns Doctor Light to his "womb" so Heaven will heal him. It is later revealed that Atomica, who is from the alternate universe of Earth-3, is responsible for Doctor Light's death. Atomica also placed a sliver of green kryptonite in Superman's optic nerve when she accidentally caused him to kill Doctor Light, with the added effect of severely weakening and almost killing Superman over time.
During the Forever Evil storyline, Doctor Light's body had unleashed energy that caused the destruction of Washington DC's A.R.G.U.S. headquarters and exposed the A.R.G.U.S. Agents to it. Etta Candy is approached by an energy manifestation of Dr. Light. Doctor Light appears in Los Angeles and is found by people known as the Crimson Men. The Crimson Men take Dr. Light to their secret location, and promise to make him human again in exchange for information on Steve Trevor. Dr. Light heads to Steve Trevor's location and states he must kill him in order for him to live. Killer Frost faces off against Doctor Light. Angrily, Doctor Light warns that if she stands beside Steve Trevor, she stands against him. This is problematic enough, as Caitlin is weak from going without feeding on the warmth of others for so long, and Light's energy is beyond her capacity to process. Doctor Light hurls her into Steve's ice-block, freeing him. While Killer Frost holds Light back, Steve crawls over to an unconscious Cheetah and checks to see if she has any useful weapons. As Doctor Light attacks Killer Frost, Steve sneaks up behind him and wraps the Lasso of Truth around him. Compelled by its power, Doctor Light explains that he died and then woke up confused. He was told what to do and where Steve would be. The Crimson Men had told him the truth that Arthur Light is dead. Horrified by his own self-realization, Doctor Light disappears in a blast of light energy, leaving Steve, Killer Frost, and the Lasso at the edge of a crater.
Powers and abilities
Doctor Light was a light manipulator, with the ability to control light for a variety of purposes. He could bend the light around him to become invisible, generate blasts of energy, create force fields, and fly. By mentally repulsing photons, Light could create areas of complete darkness. Teen Titans #23 implied that Light could "power up" by draining the ambient light in the area.
The limits of his powers are unclear, but he seemed to be able to wrest control of anything that emits light. Such things have included Green Lantern constructs, Superboy's heat vision, and magic lightning from Wonder Girl's lasso. He was also able to take the "internal" light away from the light powered characters, the heroic Doctor Light and the Ray, leaving them temporarily powerless. He also had the ability to create holographic images. Despite his frequent defeats, he is quite powerful.
Originally, Doctor Light derived his powers from his suit, but over time he internalized this ability, and could use his powers without having to use his costume.
Arthur Light was mentally brilliant, a genius in the field of physics. However, his mindwipe by the Justice League reduced his intelligence substantially, and he lost his skill for creative use of his powers. Light's recent recovery of his memories seems to have brought his intellect back with them and also his paraphilia. As a result, he became a much deadlier opponent, capable of fighting a huge team of Teen Titans to a narrow defeat and facing off against multiple superheroes at once.
In other media
- Doctor Light appeared in the Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman episode "The Eyes Have It" played by David Bowe. He was a scientist named Doctor Arthur Leit who had stolen an ultraviolet light beam from Doctor Neal Faraday that blinded Superman.
- Doctor Light is a fairly minor villain in the Teen Titans animated series voiced by Rodger Bumpass. His character mostly draws from the less-competent version in the comics, though he does prove to be a formidable opponent. His powers are derived from his suit. Light is generally portrayed as more of a nuisance than a real threat, though he has his moments, and his frequent short appearances and easily defeats are something of a running gag. Doctor Light first appears in the season one episode "Nevermore", where he proves to be a fairly dangerous opponent. He wears a simple, form-fitting suit which can fire energy blasts and create shields. Though he succeeds in defeating four of the five Titans, he angers Raven while attacking her. In her rage, she loses control of her powers and drags him into the darkness within her cloak. His second major appearance is in "Birthmark". His suit is larger and more powerful, adding a light whip to his arsenal; he appears on an oil rig which he plans to steal the energy from, but was stopped by the Teen Titans who pointed out that they could see him on the rig from the living room of their tower. In the fifth season Doctor Light is one of the few villains that does not join the Brotherhood of Evil. In "Kole", he tries to harness the power of the Aurora Borealis with a special crystal, only to fail when the Titans intervene and destroy it. Both he and the Titans fall through the ice into an underground prehistoric land. There, he kidnaps Kole to replace his broken crystal, which makes him virtually unstoppable. Gnarrk removes Kole from the machine, allowing Kole to defeat Doctor Light by focusing Starfire's starbolts into a powerful laser. In "Titans Together", he attempts to rob a bank while the heroes and villains were occupied. All thirty Titans, having dispatched the Brotherhood, ready themselves to take him down, to which Raven remarks, "He's totally gonna freak this time."
- Doctor Light appears in Teen Titans Go! voiced by Scott Menville in "Colors of Raven" and reprised by Rodger Bumpass in "Caged Tiger". In "Staff Meeting," Robin tries to fight Doctor Light with his bent bo staff (which was bent by the other Teen Titans). Doctor Light's most major role in the series is in the episode "Caged Tiger" where Raven and Starfire come to battle him while Robin, Cyborg, and Beast Boy are stuck in an elevator. Doctor Light insists that they wait for the other Titans to arrive as he had specifically built a machine to destroy all the Titans at once. While the boys try to get out of the elevator, Raven and Starfire enjoy their time with Doctor Light as he tells them about how he got the nickname "Doctor Light" and how his real name is Arthur. He eventually decides to quit being a supervillain and join the Teen Titans but Robin, Cyborg, and Beast Boy arrive at the scene and beat him up much to Starfire and Raven's disapproval. In "I See You," Doctor Light was shown to be constructing chandeliers which are actually laser weapons. Doctor Light's plot was defeated by Robin and Starfire during their stakeout.
- Arthur Light is mentioned in the Arrow episode "The Man Under the Hood." Caitlin Snow and Cisco Ramon find a light-based weapon designed by him and use it to halt Deathstroke, explaining that Light is a former employee of S.T.A.R. Labs, fired two years prior "because he was a psycho".
- A female version of Doctor Light is presented in The Flash, whose identity is Linda Park from Earth-2.
- Doctor Light makes a brief cameo appearance in the opening scene of Superman vs. The Elite. A news report states that he had gone on a killing spree after escaping from the prison he was being held in, outraging a number of citizens.
- Doctor Light is an unlockable character in the "Master of Games" mode in the Teen Titans console game.
- Doctor Light is an NPC in the DC Universe Online video game, as part of the 2013 downloadable content "Sons of Trigon".
- Doctor Light appeared in the comic book tie-in Teen Titans Go! in issue #30, wherein he tried to steal Cyborg's battery to power his new Light Suit. He also appeared in issue #43, forming the Fearsome Five with Psimon, recruiting Gizmo, Mammoth, and Jinx (going undercover for the Titans). In the attack on Titans Tower, he ultimately surrenders when Raven scares him, going into Robin's arms begging him to make "the scary girl go away".
- Wallace, Dan (2008). "Doctor Light I". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. p. 104. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5. OCLC 213309017.
- "Doctor Light is number 84". IGN. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
In a tale written by Gardner Fox, with art by Mike Sekowsky, Doctor Light's first [adventure] was almost the JLA's last.
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Fearsome Five", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 120, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5, OCLC 213309017
- Broderick, George, Jr. (w), Purcell, Gordon (p), Dzon, Timothy (i). "Light at the End of the Tunnel" The Flash 12 (May 1988)
- The Flash #12 at the Grand Comics Database
- Teen Titans Vol.3 #21-23
- Green Arrow #54
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #15 (December 2007)
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #27 (November 2008)
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #28 (December 2008)
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #30 (February 2009)
- Blackest Night #1 (July 2009)
- Blackest Night #3 (September 2009)
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #39 (November 2009)
- Justice League of America vol. 2, #40 (December 2009)
- Justice League of America vol. 3 #4
- Justice League of America vol. 3 #5
- Justice League vol. 2, #22 (July 2013)
- Trinity of Sin: Phantom Stranger #11
- Justice League vol. 2 #23
- Forever Evil: A.R.G.U.S. #1
- Forever Evil: A.R.G.U.S. #3
- Forever Evil: A.R.G.U.S. #5
- Forever Evil: A.R.G.U.S. #6