|Birth name||Charles Isaiah Ross|
|Also known as||The Harmonica Boss|
|Born||October 21, 1925|
Tunica, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||May 28, 1993 (aged 67)|
Flint, Michigan, U.S.
Isaiah Ross (October 21, 1925 – May 28, 1993), known as Doctor Ross, was an American blues musician who usually performed as a one-man band, simultaneously singing and playing guitar, harmonica, and drums. Ross's primal style has been compared to John Lee Hooker, Blind Boy Fuller and Sonny Boy Williamson I.
Charles Isaiah Ross was born on October 21, 1925 in the Mississippi Delta town of Tunica, Mississippi, one of eleven children in a farming family of mixed African-American and Native American heritage. His first instrument was the harmonica, which he learned to play at age nine. Ross served in the United States Army from 1943 to 1948 in the Pacific Theater, and again from 1950 to 1951. He married shortly after leaving the army. During his service, Ross had accrued a collection of army medical books which, along with his habit of carrying his harmonicas in a doctor's bag, earned him the nickname "Doctor Ross."
Ross made his professional debut in 1942 at the age of seventeen, broadcasting on the radio station KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. Ross regularly played parties and appeared on WROX and WDIA after his army service. In late 1951, Ross recorded his first 78 RPM record, "Country Clown," produced by Sam Phillips in Memphis and issued on the nascent Chess label. Ross would issue two more singles recorded with Phillips, both on Phillips' own Sun Records label, in 1953 and 1954.
In October 1954, Ross moved his family to Flint, Michigan and began working at a General Motors factory, employment which he held for the rest of his life and afforded him a comfortable middle-class lifestyle. In 1958, Ross recorded "Industrial Boogie," a Flint-centric take on "Boogie Chillen'" by John Lee Hooker, released on his own DIR label. From 1960 to 1963, Detroit-based Fortune Records released four singles by Ross, including 1961's "Cat Squirrel," which later brought Ross to the attention of rock audiences when the song was covered on the debut albums of both Cream and Jethro Tull. Following his Fortune singles, which were recorded with accompanists, Ross began recording many of his songs solo, providing vocals, guitar, hi-hat and bass drum played with foot pedals, and harmonica with a neck rack. The left-handed Ross added to his colorful presentation by playing a right-handed guitar upside down, with the bass strings on the bottom.
Ross's first album, Call the Doctor, was recorded as a one-man band and issued in August 1965. The same year, he toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival. In 1971, Fourtune issued his second album, Doctor Ross the Harmonica Boss, recorded with the Disciples. He recorded live albums in Germany and Switzerland in 1972. Two years later, Ross played on the Big Bear Records package tour and album American Blues Legends '74.
In 1981, Ross won a Grammy Award for Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording for his appearance on Rare Blues, a 1980 compilation album of blues artists recorded in Chicago from 1963 to 1965. In the latter part of his career, Ross was a frequent fixture at blues festivals in both the United States and Europe. His last album was recorded live in 1991 at the Burnley Blues Festival in England.
Ross died at the age of 67 on May 28, 1993, while working at a Chevrolet plant in Flint, Michigan and was interred at Sunset Hills Cemetery in Flint Township. After his death, a music scholarship in his name was established at Mott Community College in Flint.
- Call the Doctor (Testament, 1965)
- Doctor Ross the Harmonica Boss (Fortune, 1971)
- Jivin' the Blues (Big Bear, 1974)
- The Flying Eagle (Blue Horizon, 1965)
- Live + Well (Ornament, 1972)
- Live at Montreux (Polydor, 1972)
- The Harmonica Boss (Big Bear, 1974)
- One Man Band (Takoma, 1981)
- I Want All My Friends to Know (JSP, 1991)
- "Country Clown" / "Doctor Ross Boogie" (Chess, 1952)
- "Come Back Baby" / "Chicago Breakdown" (Sun, 1953)
- "The Boogie Disease" / "Juke Box Boogie" (Sun, 1954)
- "Industrial Boogie" / "Thirty-Two Twenty" (DIR, 1958)
- "Sugar Mama" / "I'd Rather Be an Old Woman's Baby Than a Young Girl's Slave" (Fortune, 1960)
- "Cat Squirrel" / "The Sunnyland" (Fortune, 1961)
- "Cannonball" / "Numbers Blues" (Fortune, 1963)
- "Call the Doctor" / "New York Breakdown" (Fortune, 1963)
- His First Recordings (Arhoolie, 1972)
- Memphis Breakdown (P-Vine, 1987)
- Boogie Disease (Arhoolie, 1992)
- The Harmonica Boss (Fortune, 1995)
- Juke Box Boogie: The Sun Years, Plus (Bear Family, 2013)
- Ankeny, Jason. "Doctor Ross | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 163. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "Blues Player "Doc" Ross Dies at 67". The South Bend Tribune. The Associated Press. May 31, 1993. p. B4.
- Ross, Isaiah (1971). "The Story of Doctor Ross". In Ledbitter, Mike (ed.). Nothing But the Blues: An Illustrated Documentary. London: Hanover Books. pp. 124–126.
- Wirz, Stefan. "Illustrated Doctor Ross Discography". Stefan Wirz American Music Site. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
- Robert Palmer (1982). Deep Blues. Penguin Books. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-14-006223-6.
- Hildebrand, Lee (August 2013). "Reissues". Living Blues. No. 226. Oxford, Mississippi: The Center for Study of Southern Culture. p. 69.
- "She's Out to Keep the Blues Alive". The South Bend Tribune. The Associated Press. February 18, 1997. p. B5.
- "Grammy Awards: "Sailing" and Seger". The Detroit Free Press. The Associated Press. February 27, 1981. p. 3C.
- "Blues Musician Ross Dies in Flint at 67". The Times Herald. Port Huron, Michigan. May 31, 1993. p. 3A.
- "Isaiah "Doctor Ross the Harmonica Boss" Ross Sr. (1925-1993) - Find A Grave Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
- "Isaiah "Doc" Ross... The Harmonica Boss Scholarship". Mott Community College. Retrieved October 31, 2021.