Dodewaard was a separate municipality until 2002, when it became a part of Kesteren. Before 1818, the municipality was called "Hien en Dodewaard".
In 2001, the town of Dodewaard had 3090 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 1.1 km², and contained 1166 residences. The statistical area "Dodewaard", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 4330. It also houses the now defunct Dodewaard Nuclear Power Plant.