Dodge Ramcharger

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Dodge Ramcharger
Overview
ManufacturerChrysler Corporation (1974–1996)
DaimlerChrysler (1999–2001)
Also calledPlymouth Trail Duster
Production1974–2001
AssemblyWarren, Michigan, United States (Warren Truck Assembly)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size SUV
Body style2-door SUV
PlatformFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Chronology
SuccessorDodge Durango

The Dodge Ramcharger was a large sport utility vehicle built by Dodge from 1974 to 1993, and based on a shortened-wheelbase version of the Dodge D Series/Ram pickup truck chassis. A Plymouth version, named the Plymouth Trail Duster and offered from 1974 to 1981, was Plymouth's only SUV. The Ramcharger was primarily produced as a two-door, four wheel drive vehicle although a two wheel drive version was available. As a full-size SUV, it competed with the Chevrolet K5 Blazer and the 1978–1996 Ford Bronco. It was powered by a Chrysler LA engine and the most common was the 318 in³ (5.2 L) and the 360 in³ (5.9 L) and in the early years, the big-block RB 440 in³ (7.2 L) engines powered the Ramcharger. It was discontinued at the end of the 1993 model year in North America. In Mexico, it continued to run that platform until 1996. Then brought back in from 1999-2001 as a 2 door Dodge Ramcharger with a '94-'01 Ram front end. Approximately 30,000 were produced and were all two-wheel drive. Engine choices were the 5.2 318 c.i. Magnum or the 5.9 360 c.i. Magnum.

First generation: 1974–1980[edit]

First generation
Plymouth Trail Duster.jpg
Plymouth Trail Duster
Overview
Also calledPlymouth Trail Duster (1974–1981)
Production1974–1980
Body and chassis
PlatformChrysler AD platform
RelatedDodge D Series
Dodge Ram
Powertrain
Engine225 cu in (3.7 L) I6
318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Transmission4-speed manual
3-speed TorqueFlite automatic

During development, it was known as the "Rhino".[1] The Ramcharger and Trail Duster were built using a nine-inch (228.6 mm) shortened pickup Chrysler AD platform that was introduced for 1972. First available in four-wheel drive with a rear-wheel drive only version available starting in 1975. The 1974 through 1980 models came without a roof, with a dealer-installed fabric top, or an optional removable steel roof with a flip up rear tailgate window.[2] The early 1974 year model differs from the others in that its door pillars are attached to the removable roof. The "half doors" were used up to the build date of 6-10-74, afterwards the roof was changed to use normal pickup style doors. Marketed as a basic utility vehicle, only the driver's seat was standard equipment with the passenger seat optional up to 1976. Also in 1974, the big block 440 V8 became an option, but turned out to be the only year with the option.[2] Also available was an insulated center console for keeping items cool when filled with ice.[2]

1974 Ramcharger with optional passenger and rear bench seats

The Ramcharger was entered in rallying and placed first in the 1975 Sno*Drift event.

The vehicle was powered by the "LA" series Chrysler small block engines, the most common being the 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8, with the optional 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8. Also, available were the larger big-block "B" and "RB" wedge series 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8 and B 440 cu in (7.2 L) V8 as additional options. In 1978 and 1979 the 360 cu in (5.9 L) output was increased to 256 hp (191 kW; 260 PS). In 1979, the 360 cu in (5.9 L), was rated at 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS).

Second generation: 1981–1994[edit]

Second generation
Dodge-Ramcharger.JPG
Overview
Production1981–1994 (1988–1996 in Mexico)
Body and chassis
PlatformChrysler AD platform
RelatedDodge Ram
Powertrain
Engine318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
Transmission3-speed automatic
3-speed manual
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase106.0 in (2,692 mm)
Length1988–1990: 184.6 in (4,689 mm)
1991–93: 188.0 in (4,775 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
Height1988–1990 2WD: 69.7 in (1,770 mm)
1988–1990 4WD: 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
1991–94 4WD: 74.1 in (1,882 mm)
1991–94 2WD: 70.6 in (1,793 mm)

The Ramcharger and Trail Duster followed the D-series pickup's 1981 redesign into the Ram and is considered the second generation. They had a grill style that is commonly referred to as the egg crate grille[by whom?] because of its shape and was kept until 1985. In 1986, they redesigned it to be the much more appealing crosshair grille that is common on many Dodges today.[citation needed] The second generation trucks had a few different trim and interior option levels, but not much changed over the years. These models had a non-removable welded steel top instead of the removable top of the first generation. The Trail Duster was only available for one year as a second generation model, as it was dropped after the 1981 model year.

From 1981 through 1987, all models were carbureted, but in 1988, throttle-body fuel injection (TBI) was added to the 318 ci V8 engine. Fuel injection was added to the 360 ci V8 engine in 1989. Power output for the TBI 318 was 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS) and 245 lb⋅ft (332 N⋅m) of torque. The 360 with TBI was rated at 193 hp (144 kW; 196 PS) and 285 lb⋅ft (386 N⋅m) of torque. In 1992, the multiport fuel injected Magnum 318 was the standard engine while the LA 360 with TBI was still offered as an option. In 1994, the Magnum 360 replaced the LA engine.

Many manual transmissions were offered throughout the years, starting with the A-230 three-speed and ending with the A-535 five-speed in 1992. The NP435 "granny gear" 4 speed was the most common in 4WD models, as well as the close ratio version, the NP445. In 1988 the clutch was converted from a mechanical linkage to a hydraulic system. Automatic transmission models had the Chrysler Loadflite TF-727A or B until, in 1991, it was replaced with the A-500/A-518 four-speed.

An all-wheel-drive NP-203 transfer case was standard until 1980, when it was replaced with the part-time NP-208. This was supplanted by the NP-241 in 1988. Axles were Dana 44 front and 9¼" or 8 1/4" Chrysler corporate rear. AWD models (1973–1979) were equipped with the full-time version of the Dana 44 that had no provision for locking hubs and had a front wheel bearing design with a somewhat dubious reputation. In 1978 when the part-time 4WD system was introduced, the front Dana 44 was equipped with a more conventional front wheel bearing design and automatic locking hubs. Late in the 1984 model year the Dana 44 was switched to a CAD (Center Axle Disconnect) version. The CAD Dana 44 was vacuum actuated by a switch on the transfer case and powered by engine vacuum. The CAD Dana 44 was carried on until the end of Ramcharger production in 1994. The vacuum switch on the transfer case would occasionally fail and either leave the CAD engaged or not engage the CAD at all. Limited slip differentials were available for the 9¼" rear axle. The AWD versions used a 5 on 4½" wheel bolt circle and the part-time 4WD models used a 5 on 5½" bolt circle. Two wheel drive models used the 5 on 4.5" wheel bolt circle and in 1985 changed to the 5 on 5.5" pattern.

The Ramcharger continued to be sold in Mexico and Canada until 1996, with minor running changes from the last version sold in the U.S. in 1994.

Third generation: 1999–2001[edit]

Third generation
Dodge Ram Charger 2005.jpg
Overview
Production1998-2001
Model years1999-2001
AssemblySaltillo, Coahuila, Mexico
Body and chassis
RelatedDodge Ram
Powertrain
Engine318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
Transmission4-speed automatic
4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase113.7 in (2,888 mm)
Length198 in (5,029 mm)
Curb weight5,300 lb (2,404.0 kg)

The new Ramcharger was produced in Mexico from 1998 for the 1999 model year, based on the same platform as the Dodge Ram pickup and sharing most of its componentry with the Ram as well.[3] It had also shared some of its parts and components with the third generation Chrysler minivans (Chrysler Town & Country, Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager) as well. It was only sold in Mexico where the previous generation Ramcharger had been successful. It was available in the ST, SLT, SLT Plus and Sport trim levels. Powered by the 318 cu in (5.2 L) or 360 cu in (5.9 L) Magnum V8 engines and offered only in rear-wheel drive versions, it was discontinued after the 2001 model year.

One of the features of this generation was a small third row folding seat in the cargo area that faced sideways, making it less practical for long trips. The rear of the vehicle had looked very similar to the 1996-2000 model Chrysler minivans.

This version of the Ramcharger was not sold in the US for numerous reasons:[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Off-Road Adventures, June 2007: page 90
  2. ^ a b c Blackwell, Rusty (25 September 2012). "Collectible Classic: 1974-1980 Dodge". Automobile magazine. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  3. ^ Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2002). Katalog Samochody Świata 2003 [World Car Catalogue 2003]. Warsaw, Poland: Print Shops Prego - Polska Sp. z o.o. p. 217. ISSN 1234-8198.

External links[edit]

Media related to Dodge Ramcharger at Wikimedia Commons