Dogger Bank Wind Farm

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Dogger Bank Wind Farm
Dogger Bank Wind Farm is located in North Sea
Dogger Bank Wind Farm
Location of Dogger Bank Wind Farm
Country England, United Kingdom
Location Dogger Bank
Coordinates 54°45′N 1°55′E / 54.750°N 1.917°E / 54.750; 1.917Coordinates: 54°45′N 1°55′E / 54.750°N 1.917°E / 54.750; 1.917
Status Proposed
Owner(s) Forewind
Wind farm
Type Offshore
Distance from shore 125 km (78 mi)

Dogger Bank Wind Farm is a proposed offshore wind farm to be located between 125 to 290 kilometres (78 to 180 mi) off the east coast of Yorkshire, in the North Sea, England.[1] It is being developed by the Forewind consortium. It is expected that the Dogger Bank development will consist of four offshore wind farms, each with a capacity of up to 1.2 GW, creating a combined capacity of 4.8 GW. Further plans for an additional two 1.2 GW wind farms were shelved in 2015. Planning consent for the first phase of the project (Dogger Bank Creyke Beck) was granted by the UK government in February 2015, and consent for the second phase (Dogger Bank Teesside) was granted in August 2015.

Project overview[edit]

Dogger Bank is in the North Sea, located between 125 kilometres (78 mi) and 290 kilometres (180 mi) off the east coast of Yorkshire. It is one of nine offshore zones belonging to the Crown Estate which formed part of the third licence round for UK offshore wind farms.

The Dogger Bank is an attractive location for offshore wind farms because it is far away from shore, avoiding complaints about the visual impact of wind turbines, yet the water depth is shallow enough for traditional fixed foundation wind turbine designs.[2] Fixed-foundation wind turbines are economically limited to maximum water depths of 40 to 50 metres (130 to 160 ft),[3] at greater water depths new floating wind turbine designs are required, which currently cost significantly more to build.[4]

The Forewind consortium was formed by the four owner companies – SSE, RWE, Statoil and Statkraft – in November 2008 in response to the third licence round.[5] In January 2010, Forewind was announced as the developer for the Dogger Bank Zone, the largest of the Round 3 zones.[5] Statoil increases its share from Statkraft, beginning in 2017.[6]

Originally projected to produce up to 9 GW of power, the plan was scaled down to 7.2 GW in 2014,[7] and scaled down even further to 4.8 GW in 2015.[8]

Dogger Bank Creyke Beck[edit]

The first phase will be for Dogger Bank Creyke Beck A and B.[5] This will comprise two offshore wind farms each generating up to 1.2 GW of electricity,[9] with a total installed capacity of up to 2.4 GW.[5] They would connect to the existing Creyke Beck substation near Cottingham, in the East Riding of Yorkshire.[5] The two sites lie 131 kilometres (81 mi) from the East Yorkshire coast.[10] Dogger Bank Creyke Beck A will cover an area of 515 square kilometres (199 sq mi), and Dogger Bank Creyke Beck B will cover an area of 599 square kilometres (231 sq mi).[10] Planning consent was granted for 400 turbines on 17 February 2015.[11]

Dogger Bank Teesside[edit]

Dogger Bank Teesside is intended to be the second stage of development of the Dogger Bank Zone.[12] It was divided into two phases of development: Dogger Bank Teesside A & B and Dogger Bank Teesside C & D.[13] These would connect to the National Grid at a substation in Redcar and Cleveland, Teesside.[14]

Dogger Bank Teesside A & B[edit]

Dogger Bank Teesside A & B comprises two wind farms, each generating up to 1.2 GW of electricity.[7] Dogger Bank Teesside A lies 196 kilometres (122 mi) from the shore and will cover an area of 560 square kilometres (220 sq mi).[15] Dogger Bank Teesside B lies 165 kilometres (103 mi) from the shore and will cover an area of 593 square kilometres (229 sq mi).[15] Planning consent was granted for 400 turbines on 5 August 2015.[16] Construction of the wind farms must begin before August 2022.[17]

Dogger Bank Teesside C & D[edit]

This second application (C and D) was planned to comprise two wind farms, each generating up to 1.2 GW of electricity.[18] It was originally expected that planning consent would be determined in 2017.[18] However, in August 2015 Forewind scrapped the final phase and returned the remaining area of the Dogger Bank development zone to the Crown Estate.[8]

North Sea Wind Power Hub[edit]

Dutch, German, and Danish electrical grid operators are cooperating in a project to build a North Sea Wind Power Hub complex on one or more artificial islands to be constructed on Dogger Bank as part of a European system for sustainable electricity. The power hub would interconnect the three national power grids with each other and with the Dogger Bank Wind Farm. At the North Seas Energy Forum in Brussels on 23 March 2017, Energinet.dk will sign a contract to work with the German and Dutch branches of TenneT; thereafter a feasibility study will be produced.[19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Forewind Dogger Bank". Forewind. 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Harvey, Fiona (17 February 2015). "World's biggest offshore windfarm approved for Yorkshire coast". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Deep Water - The next step for offshore wind energy". WindEurope.org. European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Martin, Richard. "Floating Wind Farms: Great Concept, Implausible Economics". MIT Technology Review. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Dogger Bank offshore zone". RWE. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Statoil increases in UK offshore wind". Statoil. Retrieved 9 September 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Laister, David (19 February 2014). "Dogger Bank wind farm zone to be scaled back by 20 per cent". Grimsby Telegraph. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Utility Week – Forewind scraps final Dogger Bank phase". utilityweek.co.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Dogger Bank Creyke Beck offshore wind farm plans move closer". BBC News. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Dogger Bank Creyke Beck". Forewind. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "Government green lights record-breaking Dogger Bank offshore wind farm". businessgreen.com. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Dogger Bank Teesside". Forewind. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "First application for Dogger Bank projects". Statkraft. 29 September 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Forewind development consent order application for Dogger Bank accepted by UK Planning Inspectorate". Renewable Energy Magazine. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Dogger Bank Teesside A & B". Forewind. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "Dogger Bank wind farm plan off Teesside coast". BBC News. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Alex Morales (5 August 2015). "U.K. Allows Consortium to Build Biggest Offshore Wind Project". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Dogger Bank Teesside C & D". Forewind. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "Artificial island is planned on Dogger Bank for cheaper wind power". Sky News. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "First meeting of North Seas Energy Forum". European Commission. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

External links[edit]