Dogo Cubano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dogo Cubano
136. Cuban Mastiff.JPG
Other namesCuban Dogge
Cuban Bloodhound
Cuban Mastiff
Breed statusExtinct
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Dogo Cubano, also known as the Cuban Dogge, Cuban Bloodhound and Cuban Mastiff is an extinct dog breed from Cuba. It was of the Bullmastiff type and was used for bull[1] and dog fighting.

The breed was introduced in Cuba to capture runaway slaves (cimarrones). After the abolition of slavery, they ceased to exist in time.


They were between a Bulldog and a Mastiff in size. The muzzle was short, broad, and abruptly truncated. The head was broad and flat, and the lips, deeply pendulous. The medium-sized ears, were also partly pendulous, the tail rather short, cylindrical, and turned upwards and forwards towards the tip. They were described as a "rusty wolf-colour", with black face, lips, and legs. They were very notable for their chasing of slaves.[2]


Richard Ansdell, The Hunted Slaves, oil painting, 1861

The Cuban Mastiff developed from several breeds of bulldogs, Mastiffs and cattle dogs, becoming an ideal fighter and property guardian. It is possible that some specimens of this breed were brought to America where they were employed as watchdogs. They were also used as slave retrievers by the British during the Second Maroon War, by the French during the Saint-Domingue expedition, as well as the American in the southern States.

The breed has been considered extinct since the end of the 19th century, but there have been reports which state that although no pure Dogo Cubanos remain, the dogs used in today’s fighting pits in Cuba are descendants of crossbreeding between pit bull-type dogs, Cordoba Fighting Dogs, Dogo Argentinos and the few pure Dogo Cubanos that were remaining by the beginning of the 20th century. The modern descendant of this extinct dog breed is much larger and stronger than the original and resembles the American Pit Bull Terrier.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Morris, Desmond. Dogs - The Ultimate Dictionary of Over 1000 Dog Breeds. Trafalgar Square, North Pomfret, 2008. ISBN 978-1-57076-410-3. Pages 369-370.
  2. ^ "The natural history of dogs : canidae or genus canis of authors ; including also the genera hyaena and proteles", Smith, Charles Hamilton, Jardine, William, Sir, W. H. Lizars (1839)
  3. ^

External links[edit]