Doi Suthep–Pui National Park

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Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
อุทยานแห่งชาติดอยสุเทพ-ปุย
IUCN category II (national park)
Doisuthepnationalpark0408b.jpg
Mae Sa waterfall
Map showing the location of Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
Map showing the location of Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
Location within Thailand
LocationChiang Mai Province
Coordinates18°48′34″N 98°54′57″E / 18.80944°N 98.91583°E / 18.80944; 98.91583Coordinates: 18°48′34″N 98°54′57″E / 18.80944°N 98.91583°E / 18.80944; 98.91583
Area261.06 km²
Established1981

Doi Suthep–Pui National Park is a national park in Chiang Mai Province in Thailand. It includes Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, a Buddhist temple, and Bhubing Palace, the winter residence of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and family. The park is a protected area for flora, fauna, and habitat.[1]

History[edit]

The former name of the area is Doi Aoi Chang.[citation needed] The name Doi Suthep was inspired by a hermit named Prarusiwasuthep who once lived in the local forest. In 1973, the Royal Forest Department proposed that this and 13 other forests be designated national parks. It became the 24th national park of Thailand in 1981. Today it includes about 261 square kilometers of territory.[1]

Geography and ecology[edit]

Mok Fa waterfall

The mountainous landscape is part of the Thanon Thong Chai Range. The three main peaks are Doi Suthep, Doi Buak Ha, and Doi Pui, the latter of which is tallest at 1685 meters. The climate is cool, with an average temperature around 20 to 23 °C. Low winter temperatures can reach 6 °C. Late summer is the rainy season, with daily precipitation.[1]

The park is forested, with evergreen forest above 1000 meters and deciduous forest below. Mixed deciduous-evergreen forest occurs in gullies and along streams. Common trees include oaks, dipterocarps, and trees of the magnolia family.[1] There are many waterfalls.[2]

Animals in the park include the crocodile salamander (Tylototriton verrucosus). Mammals include the common muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). More than 300 species of birds have been recorded in the area, including pheasants, eagles, parrots, bulbuls and minivets.[1][3]

Reptiles in the park include Platysternon megacephalum, Calotes emma alticristata, Pseudocalotes kakhienensis, Pseudocalotes microlepis, Gekko gecko, Ptychozoon kaengkrachanense, Tropidophorus thai, and the recently described gecko species Cyrtodactylus doisuthep.[4]

Recreation[edit]

Activities in the park include walking and hiking, cycling, camping, tours of caves, waterfalls, and other features, observation of plants, birds, and butterflies, cultural and historical sightseeing, and stargazing.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Doi Suthep–Pui National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "National Parks in Thailand: Doi Suthep–Pui National Park" (PDF). Department of National Parks (Thailand). pp. 30–31. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  3. ^ Elliot, Stephan; Cubitt, Gerald (2001). THE NATIONAL PARKS and other Wild Places of THAILAND. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. pp. 72–77. ISBN 9781859748862.
  4. ^ Kunya, Kirati, Aumporn Panmongkol, Olivier S. G. Pauwels, Montri Sumontha, Jiraporn Meewasana, Woraphot Bunkhwamdi & Siriwat Dangsri. 2014. A New Forest-Dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Zootaxa. 3811(2): 251–261. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3811.2.6