Dokkum

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Dokkum
Town
Flag of Dokkum
Flag
Coat of arms of Dokkum
Coat of arms
Location of Dokkum
Dokkum is located in Friesland
Dokkum
Dokkum
Coordinates: 53°19′37″N 5°59′53″E / 53.32694°N 5.99806°E / 53.32694; 5.99806Coordinates: 53°19′37″N 5°59′53″E / 53.32694°N 5.99806°E / 53.32694; 5.99806
Country Netherlands Netherlands
Province Friesland Friesland
Municipality  Dongeradeel
Government
 • Mayor Marga Waanders (CDA)
Population
 • Total c. 12,500
Postcode 9100–9103
Area code 0519
Topographic map of Dokkum, June 2014

Dokkum is a Dutch fortified town in the municipality of Dongeradeel in the province of Friesland. It has 12,635 inhabitants (January 1, 2013). The fortifications of Dokkum are well preserved and are known as the bolwerken (bulwarks). It is the fifth most popular shopping city in Friesland. It also had the smallest hospital in the Netherlands.

History[edit]

Aerial view of Dokkum by the Dutch airforce, 1920-1940. Nederlands Instituut voor Militaire Historie

The best-known event in Dokkum's history is the martyrdom of the Anglo-Saxon missionary Saint Boniface in 754. Oliver of Cologne preached the Fifth Crusade in Dokkum in 1214 and Dokkum sent a contingent; the crescent in the coat of arms of Dokkum refers to this event. Dokkum acquired city rights in 1298. In 1572 Dokkum was sacked by the Spaniards after it had joined the Dutch Revolt. In 1597, the Admiralty of Friesland was established in Dokkum. However, it was moved to Harlingen in 1645. In 1971 the city was included in the list of Dutch 'Urban and village conservation areas'.[1]

Architecture[edit]

Town hall[edit]

The town hall in Dokkum was built in 1610.

Churches[edit]

  • Grote of Sint-Martinuskerk which is from the 16th century.
  • Sint-Bonifatiuskerk from 1871.
  • Bonifatiuskapel is from 1934

Transport[edit]

Dokkum had a station (Dokkum-Aalsum) on the North Friesland Railway, which opened in 1901. It became the terminus for passenger services in May 1935 and closed to passengers in July 1936. The station reopened to passengers in May 1940 and closed to passengers in July 1942. Freight services ceased in 1975. There is still a bus station in Dokkum.

Urban development[edit]

The latest neighbourhood is called the 'Trije Terpen'. At the Trije Terpen is also the newest shopping area of Dokkum called, Zuiderschans. Other construction works in other parts of the city are also taking place, such as the Lyceumpark, the Fonteinslanden, the Veiling and the Hogedijken.

In the future the industrial park, Betterwird, will expand even more to the west. It's an industrial park with more than 70 companies. In 2013, the construction of the Central Axis began. This is a road with a fast connection and few obstacles between Dokkum and Drachten. The road was delivered in 2016.

Population[edit]

Population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1511 1,400 —    
1689 3,177 +0.46%
1744 2,855 −0.19%
1795 2,682 −0.12%
1960 7,247 +0.60%
1965 8,440 +3.09%
1970 9,886 +3.21%
1975 10,927 +2.02%
1980 11,704 +1.38%
1995 12,510 +0.44%
2000 12,800 +0.46%
2010 12,490 −0.24%
2014 12,615 +0.25%
2015 12,583 −0.25%
2016 12,516 −0.53%
2017 12,575 +0.47%
Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 11–12 (1511–1795), CBS Statline

Dokkum grew with 5378 people between 1960 and 2013. In recent years, the population has fluctuated around 12,500 inhabitants.

About this sound Stadhuis , the town hall

Sport[edit]

In the 200 km ice skating marathon known as the Elfstedentocht, Dokkum is known as the keerpunt (turning-point in Dutch), because it is where the speedskaters turn and head back to Leeuwarden. There are two different soccer clubs in Dokkum, VV Dokkum and Be Quick Dokkum.

Windmills[edit]

In 1652, Dokkum had five windmills, these were all post mills.[2]

Zeldenrust
De Hoop

Dokkum has two windmills, cap mills, that are preserved and both of them are open to the public by appointment.[3][4] They are named Zeldenrust and De Hoop.

A third mill, De Marmeerin stood by the Woudvaart outside the town. Since 2014 the mill was moved to be restored to working order. After restoration it is to be rebuilt at De sûkerei open-air museum in Damwoude.[5]

Gallery[edit]

Born in Dokkum[edit]

Dokkum was the residence for much of her career of the pioneering midwife Catharina Geertruida Schrader (1656–1746). Other famous Dokkumers include:

Died in Dokkum[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Urban and village conservation areas Netherlands
  2. ^ Tonneel der Steden; Blaeu, 1652
  3. ^ "Dokkum, Friesland" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Molendatabase. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  4. ^ "Dokkum, Friesland" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Molendatabase. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  5. ^ "Dokkum, Friesland" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Molendatabase. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 

Literature[edit]

  • Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082.