Doksy

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Doksy

Hirschberg
Town
Town square
Town square
Flag of Doksy
Flag
Coat of arms of Doksy
Coat of arms
Doksy is located in Czech Republic
Doksy
Doksy
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°33′52.97″N 14°39′19.89″E / 50.5647139°N 14.6555250°E / 50.5647139; 14.6555250Coordinates: 50°33′52.97″N 14°39′19.89″E / 50.5647139°N 14.6555250°E / 50.5647139; 14.6555250
CountryCzech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictČeská Lípa
MunicipalityDoksy
First mentioned1293
Government
 • MayorIng. Eva Burešová
Area
 • Total74.93 km2 (28.93 sq mi)
Elevation
266 m (873 ft)
Population
(2006-08-28)
 • Total5,190
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47201
Websitewww.doksy.com//

Doksy (German: Hirschberg am See) is a town in the Czech Republic. It has about 5,000 inhabitants. It lies on the shores of Lake Mácha, and so it is a summer vacation resort. The surroundings are densely forested and Bezděz Castle atop the mountain of the same name dominates the local landscape. Many rock groups (sandstones) are also to be seen nearby.

Etymology[edit]

A hypothesis claims that the Czech name of the town comes from a Celtic word dogs probably meaning swamps or water surface.[1] The German name Hirschberg am See means deer hill by lake. A deer is even seen on the coat of arms of the town (see to the right).

History[edit]

The town was established along with the nearby Bezděz Castle by the king Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1264.

Until 1918, HIRSCHBERG IN BÖHMEN was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the DAUBA (DUBÁ) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[2]

Austrian Jubilee stamp, cancelled HIRSCHBERG IN BÖHMEN during WWI

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ map (in Czech) - Máchův kraj. Edice klubu českých turistů. 2002.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967

External links[edit]

Vategory:1264 establishments in Europe