Doksy

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Coordinates: 50°33′52.97″N 14°39′19.89″E / 50.5647139°N 14.6555250°E / 50.5647139; 14.6555250
Doksy
Hirschberg
Town
Doksy.jpg
Town square
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Liberec
District Česká Lípa
Commune Česká Lípa
Municipality Doksy
Elevation 266 m (873 ft)
Coordinates 50°33′52.97″N 14°39′19.89″E / 50.5647139°N 14.6555250°E / 50.5647139; 14.6555250
Area 74.93 km2 (28.93 sq mi)
Population 5,190 (2006-08-28)
Density 69 / km2 (179 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1293
Mayor Zdeněk Krenický
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 47201
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Doksy
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.doksy.com/

Doksy (German: Hirschberg am See) is a town in the Czech Republic. It has about 5,000 inhabitants. It lies on the shores of Máchovo jezero (a pond), so it is a summer vacation resort. Surroundings are densely forested and the Bezděz Castle atop the same-name mountain dominates the local panorama. Many rock groups (sandstones) are also to be seen nearby.

Etymology[edit]

A hypothesis claims that the Czech name of the town comes from a Celtic word dogs probably meaning swamps or water surface.[1] The German name Hirschberg am See means deer hill by lake. A deer is even seen on the coat of arms of the town (see to the right).

History[edit]

The town was established along with the nearby Bezděz Castle by the king Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1264.

Until 1918, HIRSCHBERG IN BÖHMEN was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the DAUBA (DUBÁ) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[2]

Austrian Jubilee stamp, cancelled HIRSCHBERG IN BÖHMEN during WWI

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ map (in Czech) - Máchův kraj. Edice klubu českých turistů. 2002.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967

External links[edit]