The Doktoringenieur (acronym Dr.-Ing., also Doktor der Ingenieurwissenschaften) is the German engineering doctorate degree, comparable to the Doctor of Engineering, Engineering Doctorate, Doctor of Science (Engineering), Doctor of Science (Technology) or a PhD in Engineering or Architecture.
It was first introduced in 1899, in the context of the centenary of the Technical University of Berlin, at the Prussian Institutes of Technology. The other German states adopted it in the following years. In contrast to the other historic doctoral degrees (e.g. Dr. phil., Dr. iur. or Dr. med.), the Doktoringenieur was not titled in Latin but German, and therefore written with dash (Dr.-Ing.).
In the field of mathematics, computer science and natural sciences, some universities offer the choice between Dr.-Ing. and Dr. rer. nat. based on the primary focus of the dissertation. If the contributions focus slightly more on applied scientific engineering a Dr.-Ing. is given, while a Dr. rer. nat. is preferred if the dissertation contains more theoretical scientific contributions. A German doctorate is usually a research doctorate and is awarded in the context of the so-called promotion that also requires a dissertation.
It should not be confused with a Dutch double title dr. ing., indicating that one holds both a doctorate (Dr.) from a university and an engineer's degree (Ing.) from a Dutch polytechnic (i.e. Hogeschool).
- "English-German translation for: Doktoringenieur". dict.cc. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "Promotionsordnung für die Fakultät für Mathematik, Informatik und Naturwissenschaften der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Technischen Hochschule Aachen vom 27.09.2010". RWTH Aachen. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- Aleid Fokma (2010-06-16). "Bachelor-mastertitulatuur: titels combineren". Onzetaal.nl. Retrieved 2010-07-08.