Dolabella auricularia

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Dolabella auricularia
Swa hare DSC01663.JPG
Dolabella auricularia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Euopisthobranchia
clade Aplysiomorpha

Superfamily: Aplysioidea
Family: Aplysiidae
Genus: Dolabella
Species: D. auricularia
Binomial name
Dolabella auricularia
(Lightfoot, 1786)

Dolabella auricularia, also known as the wedge sea hare, is a species of large sea slug, a marine opisthobranch gastropod mollusk in the family Aplysiidae, the sea hares.

Description[edit]

Dolabella auricularia is a rather large species which can reach a length of 40 centimetres (16 in). It can be recognized by a flattened disk on the posterior surface of the animal. This species can be found with soft pustules, leading to a rather knob-like appearance.[1] It has a short, blunt head. Its body is covered with tubercles and skin flaps. The inner shell has a typical ear-like form. Like all sea hares, it ejects a purple ink when disturbed.

Distribution[edit]

Dolabella auricularia can be found in the Indian Ocean and the western and NW Pacific.

Habitat[edit]

This sea hare lives in areas that are sheltered from rough currents. They will often hide in seagrass, sand and mud, feeding on algae. Intertidal rock pools are also a favoured place to live.[2]

Human uses[edit]

Dolabella auricularia is sometimes used by the keepers of large marine aquaria to keep algal growths in the tank down. In the Philippines the eggs of the Sea Hare are eaten as a delicacy. This delicacy is called in the Philippines Lukot or Lokot.[3][4]

The anti-cancer agent monomethyl auristatin E is derived from peptides found in D. auricularia.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://rfbolland.com/okislugs/dolaauri.html
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  3. ^ http://pinoybizzare.blogspot.com/
  4. ^ http://www.marketmanila.com/archives/lukot-sea-hare-secretions
  5. ^ Dosio, F.; Brusa, P.; Cattel, L. (2011). "Immunotoxins and Anticancer Drug Conjugate Assemblies: The Role of the Linkage between Components". Toxins. 3 (12): 848. doi:10.3390/toxins3070848.