Dolenja Vas, Cerknica

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Dolenja Vas
Village
1908 postcard of Dolenja Vas
1908 postcard of Dolenja Vas
Dolenja Vas is located in Slovenia
Dolenja Vas
Dolenja Vas
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°47′13.08″N 14°20′52.47″E / 45.7869667°N 14.3479083°E / 45.7869667; 14.3479083Coordinates: 45°47′13.08″N 14°20′52.47″E / 45.7869667°N 14.3479083°E / 45.7869667; 14.3479083
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Inner Carniola
Statistical region Littoral–Inner Carniola
Municipality Cerknica
Area
 • Total 5.9 km2 (2.3 sq mi)
Elevation 554.6 m (1,819.6 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 448
[1]

Dolenja Vas (pronounced [dɔˈleːnja ˈʋaːs]; Slovene: Dolenja vas, German: Niederdorf[2][3]) is a village southwest of Cerknica in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia.[4]

Name[edit]

The name Dolenja vas literally means 'lower village'. Dolenja vas and names like it are quite common in Slovenia and other Slavic countries, and they indicate that the settlement lay at a lower elevation than nearby settlements.[5] The village was known as Niederdorf in German in the past.[2]

History[edit]

Ancient settlement of the area is testified by the discovery of the remains of a Hallstatt- or Roman-era fortress on Tržišče Hill above the village. The site included a large cache of weapons. An Urnfield burial site was discovered on the southeast slope of the hill and was excavated in 1877. Southwest of this there was a second fortress, the embankments of which are well preserved.[6]

Mass grave[edit]

Dolenja Vas is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Balant Valleys Shaft Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Brezno v Balantovih dolinah) is located southwest of the settlement. The narrow shaft has been explored to a depth of 25 m (82 ft) and contains unidentified remains.[7]

Church[edit]

The local church, built southwest of the settlement, is dedicated to Saint Lawrence and belongs to the Parish of Cerknica.[8] The church dates from 1616 and contains a gilded altar dedicated to Saint Margaret.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people that were born or lived in Dolenja Vas include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 15.
  3. ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 120.
  4. ^ Cerknica municipal site
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 116–117.
  6. ^ a b c d Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 415.
  7. ^ Balant Valleys Shaft Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  8. ^ Družina RC Church in Slovenia Journal website

External links[edit]