Dolichocephaly

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Dolichocephaly
Classification and external resources
Specialty medical genetics
ICD-10 Q67.2
ICD-9-CM 754.0
DiseasesDB 32893

Dolichocephaly (derived from the ancient Greek, δολιχός meaning long) is a condition where the head is longer than would be expected,[1] relative to its width. The skulls of Neanderthals show a marked dolichocephaly compared to other humans, past or present. In humans, scaphocephaly is a form of dolichocephaly.

Dolicocephalic dogs (such as German Shepherds) have elongated noses. This makes them vulnerable to fungal diseases of the nose such as aspergillosis.[2] In humans the anterior–posterior diameter (length) of dolichocephaly head is more than the transverse diameter (width). It has an incidence of 1 in every 4200 babies.

It can present be in cases of Sensenbrenner syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, Sotos syndrome,[3] as well as Marfan syndrome.

Although dolichocephaly may be associated with some other abnormalities, alone it is just a normal variation; unless symptomatic, it is nothing to worry about. Early diagnosis can be made by X-ray or ultrasonography. Treatment is not essential.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "dolichocephalic - Definition from Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Ferreira, Rafael; et al. (2011). "Canine Sinonasal Aspergillosis" (PDF). Acta Scientiae Veterinariae. 39 (4): 1009. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Park SW, Park MS, Hwang JS, Shin YS, Yoon SH (2006). "A case of Sotos syndrome with subduroperitoneal shunt". Pediatr Neurosurg. 42 (3): 174–179. PMID 16636621. doi:10.1159/000091863. 

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