Dolichoderinae

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Dolichoderinae
Meat eater ant feeding on honey.jpg
Iridomyrmex purpureus feeding on honey
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Forel, 1878
Type genus
Dolichoderus
Lund, 1831
Diversity[1]
48 genera

Dolichoderinae is a subfamily of ants, which includes species such as the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), the erratic ant, the odorous house ant, and the cone ant. The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, distributed in different biogeographic regions, from the Palearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical region and Malaysia, to the Middle East, Australian, and Neotropical regions.[2]

This subfamily is distinguished by having a single petiole (no post-petiole) and a slit-like orifice, from which chemical compounds are released, rather than the round acidopore encircled by hairs that typifies the family to which it belongs, Formicidae. Dolichoderine ants do not possess a sting, unlike ants in some other subfamilies, such as Ponerinae and Myrmicinae, instead relying on the chemical defensive compounds produced from the anal gland.[3]

Of the compounds produced by dolichoderine ants, several terpenoids were identified including the previously unknown iridomyrmecin, isoiridomyrmecin, and iridodial.[4] Such compounds are responsible for the smell given off by ants of this subfamily when crushed or disturbed.[citation needed]

Tribes and genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2015). "Dolichoderinae". AntCat. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics 6 (2): 107. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397. 
  3. ^ Fisher, Brian L. and Stefan P. Cover (2007) Ants of North America: a guide to the genera
  4. ^ Wilson, E. O.; Pavan, M. (1959). "Glandular Sources and Specificity of Some Chemical Releasers of Social Behavior in Dolichoderine Ants". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology 66 (4): 70. doi:10.1155/1959/45675. 
  • This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Cardoso, D.; Cristiano, M. P.; Barros, L. S.; Lopes, D.; Pompolo, S. (2012). "First cytogenetic characterization of a species of the arboreal ant genus Azteca Forel, 1978 (Dolichoderinae, Formicidae)". Comparative Cytogenetics 6 (2): 107. doi:10.3897/CompCytogen.v6i2.2397.  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]