Dolichovespula

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Dolichovespula
Dolichovespula maculata fg01.jpg
Dolichovespula maculata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Vespidae
Subfamily: Vespinae
Genus: Dolichovespula
Rohwer, 1916
Type species
Vespa maculata
Linnaeus, 1763[1]
Subgenera

Dolichovespula is a small genus of social wasps distributed widely throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The yellow and black members of the genus are known by the common name yellowjackets in North America, such as Dolichovespula norwegica, along with members of their sister genus Vespula. In a study on the nesting biology of Dolichovespula, a colony of D. maculata with 771 workers was reported as having the largest recorded population count.[2]

Overview[edit]

Wasp morphology: the oculo-malar space

A set of morphological differences distinguishes them from Vespula. The most noticeable is the long face (dolikhos = "long" in Greek). Viewed from the front, Dolichovespula faces are long, while Vespula faces are short and round. The oculo-malar space, the distance between the eye and the mandible, is long in Dolichovespula and short in Vespula.

Dolichovespula nests are usually aerial, while Vespula often nest underground.

Species[edit]

The following species are recognised:[3][4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James M. Carpenter & Jun-ichi Kojima (1997). "Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae)" (PDF). Natural History Bulletin of Ibaraki University. 1: 51–92. 
  2. ^ Archer, Michael E. (September 2006). Taxonomy, distribution and nesting biology of species of the genus Dolichovespula. Entomological Science 9(3):281–293.
  3. ^ Lynn S. Kimsey; James M. Carpenter (2012). "The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera)". Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 28: 37–65. doi:10.3897/jhr.28.3514. 
  4. ^ "Dolichovespula". Animal Diversity Web. Regents of the University of Michigan. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Dolichovespula Rohwer, 1916 Ampiaiset?". funet.fi. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 

External links[edit]