Titanophoneus

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Titanophoneus
Temporal range: Middle Permian, 268–265 Ma
Titanophoneus potens (fossil).jpg
Titanophoneus potens skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Therapsida
Suborder: Dinocephalia
Family: Anteosauridae
Genus: Titanophoneus
Efremov, 1938
Species: T. potens
Binomial name
Titanophoneus potens
Efremov, 1938
Synonyms
  • Doliosauriscus

Titanophoneus ("titanic murderer") is an extinct genus of carnivorous dinocephalian therapsid from the Middle Permian. It is classified within the family Anteosauridae. The type species is Titanophoneus potens.[1] Remains of Titanophoneus have been found at Isheevo in Russia.


An adult skull would have reached 80 cm with a heavy long snout. The long tail and short limbs show the species to be a primitive therapsid unlike Inostrancevia which was more advanced. The structure of the limbs and the density of the bone are designed for a sprawling stance. The temporal opening is more advanced than Estemmenosuchidae but less advanced than Inostrancevia. Total length would be 2.85 meters.[citation needed]

The teeth are large with 12 large palate incisors followed by 2 canines and various smaller back teeth. The lower palate is the same as the upper but without the canine teeth. Titanophoneus ' appearance is reminiscent to the sphenacodontid pelycosaurs, which included Dimetrodon.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Kammerer, C.F. (2011). "Systematics of the Anteosauria (Therapsida: Dinocephalia)". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 9 (2). doi:10.1080/14772019.2010.492645. 
  • Vickers-Rich, Patricia; Thomas H. Rich (1993). The Great Russian Dinosaurs. Guntar Graphics. p. 36. 

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