Dombivli

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Dombivli
डोंबिवली
Dombivli
Mumbai Metropolitan Region
Dombivli is located in Maharashtra
Dombivli
Dombivli
Location of Dombivali in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°13′06″N 73°05′12″E / 19.218433°N 73.086718°E / 19.218433; 73.086718Coordinates: 19°13′06″N 73°05′12″E / 19.218433°N 73.086718°E / 19.218433; 73.086718
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Thane
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Kalyan-Dombivali Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Rajendra Devlekar (Shivsena)
 • Deputy Mayor Vikram Tare (BJP)
 • Municipal Commissioner E. Ravendrian (IAS)
 • MLA Mr. Subhash Bhoir (Shivsena), Mr.Ravindra Chavan (BJP) Mr.Narendra Pawar (BJP) Mr.Ganpat Gaikwad (Indepnedent - BJP Supporter)
Elevation 13.534 m (44.403 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,246,381
Demonym(s) Dombivlikar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 421 201 to 421 206
Telephone code 0251
Vehicle registration MH-05 [Kalyan RTO]
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Dombivli / Dombivali is First literate town in Maharashtra and second literate town in India.It is one of the urban centres in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is located about 30 km from Mumbai city. The nearest city, Thane, is only about 27 km Roadaway & 10 km railway. The population of the twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli at the 2011 Census counted to 1,246,381 (52% males and 48% females).

Geography[edit]

Dombivli is located at 19°13′06″N 73°05′12″E / 19.218433°N 73.086718°E / 19.218433; 73.086718. It has an average elevation of 13.534 metres (44.403 feet). The land here is rough and rocky by nature.The climate was warm and dry and there was a scarcity of water

History[edit]

Dombivli's history dates back to the medieval period and no major archaeological evidences of her early habitation have been found.The earliest habitant known was addalal. Dombivli was first documented in the year 1075 by King Harpal Dev on stone inscriptions, situated at Mahul village near the Turbhe port. However, the stone writings in Dombivli referring to its existence during the years 1396-97 confirms the fact.

The Portuguese stationed themselves at several places when they came to Dombivli. Existence of Dombivli can also be traced back approximately in the year 1730 during the Peshwa rule. In the 19th century, farmers cultivated paddy and sold it in the areas from Kalyan to Mumbai.

Dombivli is surrounded by the ruins from the following villages.

  1. Chole village, Thakurli (W)
  2. Ayre village towards East,
  3. Patharli village towards South, and
  4. Thakurli East towards North

Dombivli witnessed the residence of many remarkable people, like late shri.Manohar Govind Mokashi who was a freedom fighter, also was the founder member of "Rashtriya shikshan sanstha" and chief promoter for "Dombivli nagari sahakari bank Ltd".

Unclear of how the city got her name, some historians believe that the stringent caste system, then prevailing in India gave Dombivli her identity. During the 14th century, Thakurs lived in an area called “Thakurli” today, whereas “Patharwats” lived in today's “Patharli”. Lower caste people or “Dombas” (performed the last Hindu rites of cremating the dead) lived in “Dombivli”. Since “Dombas” was amongst such sub castes so it is believed that the presence of these settlers at the place gave this town its present-day name “Dombivli”.

The Khidkaleshwar Temple located at Shil-phata Road, dating back to 17th Century AD, dedicated to Lord Shiva was built by the Pandavas during their Aranyavasam. The shrine is surrounded by the Khidkali Lake and the localites feed bread to tortoises and fishes breeding in this lake. Temple Trustee of the Khidkaleshwar Temple organizes fairs on the eve of MahaShivratri which attracts devotees from far off places.

"Shree Ganesh Temple" is situated in Dombivli east, in between Dombivli-Thakurli railway station. People believe it as "Gram Devi" of Dombivli city. In the festival of Diwali & Gudipadwa people visited there with lot of trust and reverence. Dombivli city is a pioneer of "Gudipadwa Shobha yatra" all religion's people involved in this yatra, its a pride of Dombivli. This Shobha yatra starts in many different areas of the city and it ends at Shree Ganesh Temple.

Governance[edit]

On October 1, 1983, Dombivli Municipal Council merged with that of neighbouring Kalyan, forming a new governing body, Kalyan Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC). The main office of KDMC is located in Kalyan. Mr. Jagannatha Patil was elected as first MLA from Dombivli, Second MLA was Mr. Harishchandra Patil & recently elected Mr. Ravindra Chavan, BJP was elected as MLA after creation of separate Vidhansabha Constituency in 2009. Recently Mr. Ravindran,The municipal commissioner has started a drive to decongest the core areas & is backed strongly by the citizens. Dombivli is one of the first few cities in India to initiate free WiFi services for common public.[citation needed]

Inclusion into Mumbai Suburban District[edit]

The Konkan Division, one of the total six divisions of Maharashtra State, overlooks the entire administration of the region. Konkan Division comprises total seven districts, viz. Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban District, Thane District, Raigad District, Ratnagiri District, Sindhudurg District, Palghar District.

The administrative jurisdiction of Thane District, thus, include Dombivli city, Twin city of Kalyan-Dombivli with her Municipal Corporation KDMC, Thane City, Thane Municipal Corporation TMC, other towns and cities under Thane District, Navi Mumbai with her Municipal Corporation NMMC and the planning body CIDCO.

Mumbai Metropolitan Region comprises four districts namely Mumbai City (complete), Mumbai Suburban (complete), Thane (complete), Palghar(partial) and Raigad (partial). Mumbai conurbation comprises the metropolitan city of Mumbai (City, Suburban and Navi Mumbai) along with seven urban areas namely Thane, Mira-Bhayander, Kalyan-Dombivli, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur.

In popular culture[edit]

The Ganesha Temple located at Phadke Road, Dombivili (East) is a local attraction during Diwali and other holidays such as Gudi Padwa and Makar Sankrant. Often local politicians organize Rangoli-making, singing and dancing competitions. Several youngsters register their presence by participating in these events or simply visit the Ganesha temple and stroll at Phadke Road to meet and greet their friends.

Based on this city, Dombivali Fast is a critically acclaimed Marathi film directed by Nishikanth Kamat. The film bears resemblance to the 1993 Hollywood film Falling Down, starring Michael Douglas. Another movie called Dombivli Return was released in 2014; although not a sequel of Dombivli Fast. Dombivli Return is a socio-psychological thriller.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The industrial part of this place has a number of factories manufacturing dyes, paints, and industrial and agricultural chemicals. Heavy metal factories manufacturing a wide variety of equipment are also based in this region. A few nationally prominent industrial establishments that have manufacturing plants in Dombivli are Gharda Chemicals, Vicco Labs, Lloyd Steel and Deepak Fertilizers. The city has three railway stations under her direct jurisdiction: Dombivli, Thakurli, Kopar, and upper Kopar railway station (on Diva-Bhiwandi-Vasai and Panvel-Dahanu-Boisar lines).Dombivli is one of the fastest developing suburb of Mumbai.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Dombivli is served by Mumbai Suburban railway network, i.e. it lies on the main line of the central section of Mumbai suburban railway network.Dombivli railway station was built in 1887. Fast local trains on Central Railway route halt at Dombivli. Though none of the long journey express trains halt here, it is well connected to Mumbai and Navi Mumbai through Thane. Dombivli is the busiest railway station on the central line in Mumbai suburban railway network. Though during rush hours the station is an unacceptably over crowded affair.[1]

Road[edit]

Dombivli is connected by state highway to Panvel and Kalyan. The Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC) provides local bus transport service (KDMT) within the city and to areas in Navi Mumbai. NMMT buses connect major Navi Mumbai suburbs. The Maharashtra State Transport service (ST) connects to nearby cities of Thane, Bhiwandi and Panvel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mehta, Manthan (Jan 19, 2016). "Dombivli busiest CR station in 2015, going by ticket sales". Times of India. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 

External links[edit]