Location in Finnmark
|Elevation||164 m (538 ft)|
|Location||Vardø, cFinnmark, Norway|
Domen is a mountain on the Varanger Peninsula in eastern Finnmark county, Norway. The 164-metre (538 ft) tall mountain is located near the coast between the small fishing village Kiberg and the island of Vardøya. Domen is bare and flat-topped, with a steep slope towards the Barents Sea below. The European route E75 highway which runs along the western side of the mountain from Svartnes to Kiberg. The road is often closed in the winter due to bad weather.
The Old Norse name of the Arctic Sea was Dumbshaf. This sea (haf) was named after the mountain Dumbr (an old form of Domen). The name is probably related to the English word dumb, but in what meaning is unclear.
History and folklore
Domen is often associated with the witch trials in Finnmark during the 17th century. Vardø was the site of approximately 70 witch trials between 1601 and 1663. This was a large number, since there were only a couple of hundred inhabitants in the area at that time.
According to folklore, Vardø and Domen became infamous as the end of the world, Ultima Thule and the entrance to Hell was said to be somewhere around Domen or Vardø, and so witches flew to Domen to meet the devil for sabbath.
- Store norske leksikon. "Domen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-03-01.
- Alm, Ellen Janette (2000). "Statens rolle i trolldomsprosessene i Danmark og Norge på 1500- og 1600-tallet" (Thesis) (in Norwegian). University of Tromso.
- Willumsen, Liv Helene (2008). "Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft Trials in Scotland and Northern Norway" (Thesis). University of Edinburgh.
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