Domenico della Rovere

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Domenico della Rovere
Cardinal-Priest of San Vitale (1478-79)
San Clemente (1479-1501)
Domenico della Rovere.jpg
Orders
Consecration1478
Created cardinal10 February 1478
by Pope Sixtus IV
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born1442
Vinovo
Died(1501-04-23)23 April 1501
Rome
BuriedDuomo di Torino, Turin
NationalityItalian
DenominationRoman Catholic

Domenico della Rovere (1442 – 23 April 1501) was an Italian cardinal and patron of the arts.

Life[edit]

He was born at Vinovo, near Turin, and was not a relative of Pope Sixtus IV (Francesco Della Rovere), who, however, favoured him in the hope of establishing a link between his humble Ligurian family and that of the Piedmontese counts of Vinovo.[1]

In 1478 he was appointed as Bishop of Tarantaise succeeding his brother, Cristoforo. In the same year, on 10 February, he was created cardinal of San Vitale by Sixtus IV (one year later he exchanged the title with that of San Clemente). Also in 1478 he received the title of bishop of Montefiascone and Corneto, which he kept until his death. On 19 July 1482 he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the diocese of Geneva, during the Sede vacante following the death of Joannes Ludovicus de Sabaudia.[2] He was transferred to the diocese of Turin on 24 July 1482, only five days later, when the Bishop of Turin, Jean de Compoys, was transferred to Geneva.[3]

In 1483, he laid the cornerstone for the new cathedral of S. Margarita in Montefiascone, and in his Last Will and Testament in 1501 he left money to continue the work, which had barely reached the level of the main floor of the church at the time of his death.[4]

After Sixtus' death in 1484, he went to Rome to participate in the papal conclave, which elected Pope Innocent VIII. Della Rovere remained in Rome for most of the rest of his life, leaving the diocese of Turin in the hands of his vicars and procurators, including his nephew Giovanni Ludovico della Rovere. In Piedmont, he funded the Collegiate church of Saluzzo and the rebuilding of the Turin Cathedral, as well as a new castle in Vinovo to serve as his residence. In the Borgo rione of Rome, he commissioned Pinturicchio the decoration (including the Semi-Gods Ceiling) of the Palazzo bearing his name, whose construction he had started in 1480, perhaps under design by Baccio Pontelli.

He died in Rome on 22 April 1501, having made his Last Will and Testament earlier on the same day, before lunch.[5] He is now buried in the Turin Cathedral.

References[edit]

  1. ^ François Ch. Udinet (1989). Della Rovere, Domenico (in Italian). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, volume 37. Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed May 2018.
  2. ^ Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica. Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) p. 158.
  3. ^ Eubel, p. 247.
  4. ^ Hans Ost, "Santa Margherita in Montefiascone: A Centralized Building Plan of the Roman Quattrocento," The Art Bulletin, Vol. 52, No. 4 (December 1970), pp. 373-389, especially pp. 374-375, 378, 387-388.
  5. ^ Eubel, p. 18, no. 23; p. 55, no. 639. The difference in date of death between 22 April and 23 April occurs because of the working of the 16th century Roman calendar, in which the day began at sunset. Della Rovere died two hours after sunset, which would have been 23 April at the time, but which in the modern calendar was still 22 April.

Further reading[edit]

  • Alessi, G. C. (1984). "Biografia e bibliografia di Domenico della Rovere," in: Italia medioevale e umanistica 27 (1984), pp. 175-231. (in Italian)
  • Romano, Giovanni (ed.) (1990). Domenico della Rovere e il Duomo Nuovo di Torino. Rinascimento a Roma e in Piemonte. Turin: Cassa di Risparmio di Torino. (in Italian)
  • Semeria, Giovanni Battista (1840). Storia della chiesa metropolitana di Torino (in Italian). Torino: Fontana.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Cristoforo della Rovere
Cardinal-Priest of San Vitale
1478–1479
Succeeded by
Ferry de Clugny
Preceded by
Cristoforo della Rovere
Archbishop of Tarentaise
1478
Succeeded by
Giovanni de Compesio
Preceded by
Gisberto Tolomei
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Corneto e Montefiascone
1478–1501
Succeeded by
Alessandro Farnese
Preceded by
Giacopo Antonio Venier
Cardinal-Priest of San Clemente
1479–1501
Succeeded by
Jaime Serra i Cau
Preceded by
Jean de La Rochetaillée
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Genève
1482
Succeeded by
Giovanni de Compesio
Preceded by
Giovanni de Compesio
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Turin
1482–1501
Succeeded by
Giovanni Ludovico della Rovere