Domestic flight

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Airbus A320, an aircraft widely used in domestic flights.

A domestic flight is a form of commercial flight within civil aviation where the departure and the arrival take place in the same country.[1]

Airports serving domestic flights only are known as domestic airports.

Domestic flights are generally cheaper and shorter than most international flights. Some international flights may be cheaper than domestic ones due to the short distance between the pair of cities in different countries, and also because domestic flights might, in smaller countries, mainly be used by high paying business travellers, while leisure travellers use road or rail domestically.

Domestic flights are the only sector of aviation not exhibiting a global long term growth trend due to many smaller countries increasingly replacing short domestic routes with high speed rail; that said, most of the busiest air routes in the world are domestic flights.[2]

Some smaller countries, like Singapore, have no scheduled domestic flights.[citation needed] Medium-sized countries like the Netherlands have very few domestic flights; most of them are merely a leg between small regional airports such as Groningen Airport Eelde, Maastricht Aachen Airport and Rotterdam The Hague Airport to pick up passengers from various parts of the country before proceeding to international destinations.[3] In June 2013, Dutch MP Liesbeth van Tongeren (GreenLeft, previously Greenpeace Netherlands director) proposed to prohibit domestic flights in the Netherlands with the argument that they are needlessly inefficient, polluting and expensive, but Environment Secretary Wilma Mansveld (Labour Party) said such a ban would violate EU regulations that allow airlines to fly domestically.[3] Some political debaters propose short-haul flight bans in a number of countries.

Largest domestic markets[edit]

millions of seats[4]
Rank Country 2018 growth
1 US[a] 958.1 4.4%
2 China 685.1 9.8%
3 India 169.9 15.7%
4 Indonesia 148.4 4.0%
5 Japan 146.5 1.0%
6 Brazil 119.6 3.4%
7 Australia 79.4 0.5%
8 Russia 74.9 9.8%
9 Canada 65.6 5.2%
10 Turkey 65.1 5.2%
- EU (excl. UK& Republic of Ireland)/Schengen - -
  1. ^ 29% of all global domestic capacity

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Domestic flight". WordNet Search 3.0. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
  2. ^ "Busiest routes in the world - the top 100". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  3. ^ a b "'Verbod binnenlandse vluchten onmogelijk'". Algemeen Dagblad (in Dutch). 12 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Domestic markets review 2018: India and Indonesia overtake Japan; Nepal and Bolivia see fastest growth". Airline Network News & Analysis. 19 Dec 2018.