List of domesticated animals

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This page gives a list of domesticated animals,[1] also including a list of animals which are or may be currently undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation. This includes species which are semi-domesticated, undomesticated but captive-bred on a commercial scale, or commonly wild-caught, at least occasionally captive-bred, and tameable. In order to be considered fully domesticated, most species have undergone significant genetic, behavioural and morphological changes from their wild ancestors, while others have changed very little from their wild ancestors despite hundreds or thousands of years of potential selective breeding. A number of factors determine how quickly any changes may occur in a species, but there is not always a desire to improve a species from its wild form. Domestication is a gradual process, so there is no precise moment in the history of a given species when it can be considered to have become fully domesticated.

Zooarchaeology has identified three classes of animal domesticates:

  1. Pets (dogs, cats, ferrets, hamsters, etc.)
  2. Livestock (cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, etc.)
  3. Beasts of burden (horses, camels, donkeys, etc.)[2]

Domesticated animals[edit]

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purposes Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in the wild vs. captivity Taxon group
Domestic dog (Canis familiaris)[3] Extinct Pleistocene population of the grey wolf (Canis lupus ssp.)[4] 13,000 BCE[5][6] China,[7][8][9]


meat, leather, fiber, hunting, herding, guarding, fighting, racing, working, rescuing, guiding, policing, draft, pack, sport, service, therapy, narcotics detection, truffle harvesting, pest control, research, education, show, pets Pembroke Welsh Corgi 600.jpg Tame (with exceptions),[10] significant physical changes, probably significant behavioral changes as well Domestic and feral dogs both very common,[10] ancestor or nearest wild relative less common, but not rare 1c Carnivora
Domestic goat (Capra hircus) Bezoar ibex (Capra aegagrus aegagrus) 10,000 BCE[11][12][13] Iran milk, meat, fiber, skin, horns, vellum, manure, guarding, fighting, racing, lawn mowing, weed control, clearing land, show, pets Capra, Crete 4.jpg Slight physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in the wild, feral populations common 1b Bovidae
Domestic pig (Sus domesticus) Anatolian boar (Sus scrofa libycus),[14] Northern Chinese boar (Sus scrofa moupinensis)[15] 9000 BCE[16][17][18][19] China, Western Asia meat, leather, tusks, manure, guarding, fighting, racing, truffle harvesting, weed control, research, show, pets Sow with piglet.jpg Some physical changes Common in the wild, much more common in captivity, feral populations common in some areas 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries)[3] Blackbelly sheep,[20] possibly the Armenian mouflon (Ovis gmelini gmelini) 9000 BCE to 8500 BCE[21][22] Anatolia, Iran meat, milk, fiber, leather, hides, pelts, horns, vellum, manure, guarding, fighting, racing, lawn mowing, weed control, research, ornamental, show, pets Pair of Icelandic Sheep.jpg Some physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae
European cattle or taurine cattle (Bos taurus)[3][23][24] Eurasian aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius)† 8000 BCE[25][26] China,[27] Western Asia meat, milk, leather, hides, fiber, horns, vellum, blood, dung, working, plowing, guarding, fighting, racing, draft, mount, soil fertilization, lawn mowing, weed control, worship, show, pets Koe in weiland bij Gorssel.JPG Some physical changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives extinct, feral populations fairly common 1b Bovidae
Zebu, Brahman cattle, indicine cattle or humped cattle (Bos indicus)[3] Indian aurochs (Bos primigenius namadicus)† 8000 BCE Indian Subcontinent meat, milk, leather, hides, horns, vellum, blood, dung, working, plowing, fighting, racing, draft, soil fertilization, lawn mowing, show, pets Female zebu cattle.JPG Considerable physical changes Common in captivity, wild relatives extinct 1b Bovidae
Domestic cat or house cat (Felis catus)[3] North African wildcat (Felis lybica lybica)[28] 8000–7500 BCE[28] the Near East meat, pelts, pest control, research, show, pets Jammlich crop.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very abundant in captivity; true wildcat species less abundant, though not rare, feral populations very common 1c Carnivora
Domestic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Indian red junglefowl (Gallus gallus murghi) with some contribution from the grey junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii) 6000 BCE[29] India and Southeast Asia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, manure, guarding, alarming, fighting, racing, pest control, weed control, ornamental, show, pets Poltava chicken breed female.jpg Some physical changes, considerable reproductive changes Very common in the wild and in captivity 2b Galliformes
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Montane guinea pig (Cavia tschudii) 5000 BCE Peru meat, manure, racing, lawn mowing, weed control, research, show, pets Caviaklein.jpg Tame, slight physical changes Somewhat common in the wild and in captivity 1d Rodentia
Domestic donkey, domestic ass or burro (Equus asinus) African wild ass (Equus africanus), including subspecies Nubian (E. a. africanus) and Somali wild ass (E. a. somaliensis)[30] 5000 BCE[31][32] Nubia meat, milk, manure, working, plowing, guarding, racing, draft, pack, mount, lawn mowing, weed control, show, pets Donkey in Clovelly, North Devon, England.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and as feral populations, wild relatives critically endangered 1e Other mammals
Gayal (Bos frontalis)[3] Gayal (Bos frontalis) with significant introgression from other Bos species[33] 5000 BCE[34] Southeast Asia, Northeast India meat, milk, horns, dung Bos gaurus (Gayal) male.JPG Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae
Domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Common mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos) 4000 BCE China meat, eggs, feathers, manure, guarding, pest control, weed control, ornamental, show, pets Pekin Ducks cropped.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in captivity, but more abundant in the wild 2a Anseriformes
Domestic water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)[3] Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 4000 BCE India, China, the Philippines meat, milk, horns, dung, working, plowing, fighting, racing, draft, mount, lawn mowing, show Water Buffalo, Phayao Lake.jpg Mainly unchanged from the wild animal Common in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae
Dromedary or Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius)[35] 4000 BCE Arabia, the Horn of Africa meat, milk, urine, racing, hunting, pack, mount, show, pets Camelcalf-feeding.jpg Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, small feral population in original range, significant feral population in Australia, truly wild dromedaries may be extinct 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) including subspecies German (A. m. mellifera), Italian (A. m. ligustica), Carniolan (A. m. carnica), Caucasian (A. m. caucasia), Greek (A. m. cecropia), Saharan (A. m. sahariensis) and Egyptian honey bees (A. m. lamarckii) - 4000 BCE (the modern era for A. m. mellifera, the 1880s for A. m. ligustica, uncertain for A. m. carnica, A. m. caucasia, A. m. cecropia, A. m. sahariensis and A. m. lamarckii) Europe (including Germany, Italy, Greece, Slovenia and the United Kingdom), Georgia, North Africa honey, wax, propolis, bee brood, royal jelly, venom, pollen, pollination, research Bee-apis.jpg Some physical and behavioral changes, actual domestication status is still a point of contention[36] Very common in captivity, feral populations common, extent of status in the wild unclear; see Western honey bee for details 6a Hymenoptera
Domestic horse (Equus caballus) Extinct unknown population of the wild horse (Equus ferus), possibly the tarpan or European wild horse (E. f. ferus)†[37] 3500 BCE[38] Kazakhstan milk, meat, hair, manure, working, plowing, fighting, racing, servicing, guiding, draft, pack, mount, execution, lawn mowing, weed control, show, pets Nokota Horses cropped.jpg Tame, some physical changes, mainly in colouration Common in captivity, very rare in the wild, feral populations common 1e Other mammals
Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domesticus) Banteng (Bos javanicus) [39] 3500 BCE[39] Bali, Indonesia meat, milk, horns, dung, working, plowing, draft, show Banteng Domesticated Bali Bull.PNG Slight physical changes Common in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae
Domestic silkmoth (Bombyx mori) Wild silkmoth (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BCE China silk, animal feed, pets Silkworms3000px.jpg Tame/held in captivity, some physical changes Fairly common in captivity, extent of status in the wild unclear 6b Other insects
Domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) Rock dove (Columba livia) 3000 BCE the Mediterranean Basin meat, manure, racing, messenger, ornamental, show, pets Homing pigeon.jpg Artificially selected and bred into many varieties including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds and fancy plumage breeds Relatively common in captivity, very common in the wild, feral populations extremely abundant 2c Columbiformes
Domestic goose and domestic swan goose (Anser anser domesticus and Anser cygnoides domesticus) Greylag goose (Anser anser) and swan goose (A. cygnoides) 3000 BCE for A. anser, date uncertain for A. cygnoides[40] Egypt (A. anser), China (A. cygnoides) meat, eggs, feathers, manure, guarding, alarming, pest control, weed control, show, pets Neugierige Hausgans.JPG Considerable physical changes Common in the wild and in captivity 2a Anseriformes
Domestic yak (Bos grunniens)[3] Wild yak (Bos mutus) 2500 BCE Tibet, Nepal meat, milk, fiber, horns, dung, working, plowing, guarding, fighting, racing, pack, mount, show, pets The Yak.jpg Tame, slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity; threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae
Domestic Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) Wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) 2500 BCE Central Asia (Afghanistan) meat, milk, hair, dung, pack, mount, show, pets Temee.jpg Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, critically endangered in the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Llama (Lama glama)[3] Guanaco (Lama guanicoe cacsilensis)[41] 2400 BCE[42] Peru, Bolivia meat, fiber, manure, working, guarding, racing, draft, pack, lawn mowing, weed control, show, pets Pack llamas posing near Muir Trail.jpg Slight physical changes Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Alpaca (Lama pacos)[3] Vicuña (Lama vicugna mensalis)[41] 2400 BCE[42] Peru, Bolivia meat, milk, fiber, manure, guarding, lawn mowing, weed control, show, pets Corazon Full.jpg Considerable physical changes Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic guineafowl (Numida meleagris domesticus) West African helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris galeatus) 2400 BCE[43] West Africa meat, eggs, manure, guarding, alarming, pest control, show, pets Domesticated Guineafowl - - 543901.jpg Mainly unaltered from the wild population Somewhat common in the wild and in captivity 2b Galliformes
Fuegian dog or Yaghan dog†[44] Culpeo or Andean fox (Lycalopex culpaeus) date uncertain[45] Argentina, Chile hunting, guarding, warmth, pets Fuegian dog (1863).jpg Tame, slight physical changes Extinct in captivity, but common in the wild 1c Carnivora
Domestic ferret (Mustela furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BCE[46] North Africa hunting, racing, pest control, show, pets Ferret 2008.png Tame, slight physical changes Common in captivity, somewhat common in the wild, feral populations rare 1c Carnivora
Domestic Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata domestica) Wild Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata sylvestris) 700–600 BCE[42] South America meat, eggs, feathers, manure, guarding, pest control, show, pets MuscovyDuck.jpg Tame, some physical changes Common in captivity, feral populations rare 2a Anseriformes
Barbary dove or ringed turtle dove (Streptopelia risoria) African collared dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BCE North Africa meat, show, pets Feral Barbary Dove.jpg Slight physical changes Common in both captivity and feral populations 2c Columbiformes
Domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo domesticus) South Mexican wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo) 180 CE[42] Mexico meat, eggs, feathers, manure, guarding, pest control, show, pets White turkeys.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in the wild and in captivity 2b Galliformes
Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) 300 CE to 400 CE China racing, pest control, ornamental, show, pets Gullfiskur.jpg Tame, significant physical changes Very common and abundant in captivity, extent of status in the wild unclear 5a Cyprinidae
Domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus domesticus) Iberian rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus)[47] 600 CE[48] Europe meat, fiber, pelts, manure, racing, lawn mowing, weed control, research, show, pets EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1(cropped).jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity, rare in native habitat, common in introduced range 1e Other mammals
Koi (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) Amur carp (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) the 11th century CE Japan ornamental, show, pets Ojiya Nishikigoi no Sato ac (3).jpg Tame, considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity, threatened in the wild 5a Cyprinidae
Domestic canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Wild canary (Serinus canaria canaria) the 15th century CE the Canary Islands, Europe coal mining, fighting, research, show, pets Zwei Kanarienvögel.JPG Slight physical changes Common in the wild and in captivity 2d Passeriformes
Society finch or Bengalese finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped munia or striated finch (Lonchura striata swinhoei) with some contribution from the Indian silverbill or white-throated munia (Euodice malabarica) unknown, may have been introduced to Japan sometime around the early 18th century CE[49] Japan pets, show, research Rbruni.JPG Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity; common in the wild 2d Passeriformes
Fancy mouse a.k.a. laboratory mouse (Mus musculus domestica) Western European house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) 1100 BCE (China), then the 17th century CE (Europe)[50] China animal feed, racing, research, show, pets Minimouse.jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in the wild and in captivity 1d Rodentia
Fancy rat a.k.a. laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus domestica) Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) the 19th century CE[51] the United Kingdom animal feed, research, show, pets Ratte-Vache.jpeg Tame, some physical and psychological changes Common in the wild and in captivity 1d Rodentia
Domestic mink (Neogale vison domesticus)[52] American mink (Neogale vison) the 19th century CE North America fur, hunting, pest control, pets
American Mink - White.jpg
Some physical and psychological changes Somewhat common in the wild and in captivity 1c Carnivora
Domesticated silver fox (Vulpes vulpes amicus) American red fox (Vulpes vulpes fulva)[53][54][55] the 1800s and the 1950s Prince Edward Island; introduced to the Soviet Union (Russia) fur, pelts, research, pets Silberfuchs 08.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very small domestic population, wild relatives fairly common 1c Carnivora
Domesticated hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris, A. algirus, Hemiechinus auritus and H. collaris) Four-toed (Atelerix albiventris), Algerian (A. algirus), long-eared (Hemiechinus auritus), and Indian long-eared hedgehog (H. collaris) the 1980s Central and Eastern Africa pets Baxter flower.jpg Slight physical changes Common in the wild, somewhat rare in captivity 1e Other mammals

Tame and partially domesticated animals[edit]

Due to the somewhat unclear outlines of what precisely constitutes domestication, there are some species that may or may not be fully domesticated. There are also some species that are extensively used or kept as pets by humans, but are not significantly altered from wild-type animals. Most animals on this second table are at least somewhat altered from wild-type animals due to their extensive interactions with humans, albeit not to the point that they are regarded as distinct forms (therefore, no separate wild ancestors are noted). Many of them could not be released into the wild, or are in some way dependent on humans.

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in the wild vs. captivity Taxon group
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) including subspecies Sri Lankan (E. m. maximus), Indian (E. m. indicus), Sumatran (E. m. sumatranus), Bornean (E. m. borneensis) and formerly Syrian elephants (E. m. asurus)†[56][57][58] - 2000 BCE (uncertain for E. m. maximus, E. m. sumatranus, E. m. borneensis and E. m. asurus)† India, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Nepal, Borneo, China, Indochina, formerly Iran dung, working, hunting, fighting, racing, transportation, mount, patrol, worship, show IndianElephant.jpg Semi-domesticated (i.e., captured from the wild and tamed) Syrian subspecies extinct in the wild and in captivity; other subspecies somewhat common in captivity, but endangered in the wild[59][60] 1e Other mammals
Domestic reindeer (Rangifer tarandus domesticus) - 3000 BCE Fennoscandia, Western Russia (possibly Eastern Russia),[61]
China, Mongolia
meat, milk, leather, hides, antlers, transportation, mount, pets Caribou using antlers.jpg Semi-domesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Arabian ostrich or Syrian ostrich (Struthio camelus syriacus)†[62] - date uncertain Mesopotamia meat, eggs, feathers, sacrifices Arabian Ostrich hunt.jpg Extinct in the wild and in captivity 2f Palaeognathae
Scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) - 2320–2150 BCE Egypt meat, hides, horns, sacrifices Scimitar oryx1.jpg Small captive population, but nearly extinct in the wild 1b Bovidae
Caracal (Caracal caracal)[63] - date uncertain, possibly 200 BCE Egypt, India, Southern Africa hunting, pest control, pets Caracl (01), Paris, décembre 2013.jpg 1c Carnivora
Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) including subspecies Southeast African (A. j. jubatus), Northeast African (A. j. soemmeringii) and Asiatic cheetahs (A. j. venaticus)[64][65] - 1500 BCE Egypt, India, the Middle East, South Africa hunting, tourism, pets Gepard soemmeringii.jpg 1c Carnivora
Bubal hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus)† - date uncertain Egypt meat, hides, horns, sacrifices Bubalhartebeest-londonzoo.jpg Extinct in the wild and in captivity 1b Bovidae
Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) - pre-modern China (date uncertain) China pest control, ornamental, pets Aix galericulata - Zürich - Hafen Riesbach 2011-01-14 15-58-32.JPG 2a Anseriformes
Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) - date uncertain Egypt meat, eggs, feathers, guarding, ornamental, pets Alopochen-aegyptiacus.jpg Common in the wild and in captivity, feral populations very common 2a Anseriformes
Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) - ancient Egypt (date uncertain) Egypt pest control, pets Herpestes ichneumon Египетский мангуст, или фараонова крыса, или ихневмо́н.jpg 1c Carnivora
Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)[citation needed] - 5000 BCE China pest control, pets Bengalkatze.jpg 1c Carnivora
Common (Genetta genetta)[66] and Cape genets (G. tigrina) - date uncertain Africa pest control, pets Genetta genetta felina (Wroclaw zoo).JPG 1c Carnivora
Eastern honey bee (Apis cerana) including subspecies Chinese (A. c. cerana), Indian (A. c. indica) and Japanese honey bees (A. c. japonica) - date uncertain South Asia, Thailand, Japan, China honey, wax, pollination Apis cerana, Asiatic honey bee - Khao Yai National Park.jpg 6a Hymenoptera
European fallow (Dama dama) and Persian fallow deer (D. mesopotamica)[67] - 1000 BCE the Mediterranean Basin, the Levant meat, hides, antlers, pets Fallow deer in field.jpg Semi-domesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis)[68][69] - 800 BCE Europe, Asia bloodletting, surgery, therapy, research, saliva, pets Svømmende blodigle.JPG Captive-bred 7b Annelida
Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) - 700–500 BCE[42] Chile, Peru, Mexico dye Dactylopius coccus (Barlovento) 04 ies.jpg Very common in the wild 6b Other insects
Indian (Pavo cristatus) and green peafowl (P. muticus) - 500 BCE (uncertain for P. muticus) India, Java meat, feathers, ornamental, guarding, pest control, pets Indian Peahens I IMG 9647.jpg Fairly common in the wild 2b Galliformes
Common hill myna (Gracula religiosa) - kept in ancient Greece, date of captive breeding uncertain Greece pets, talking bird Beo-2.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) including subspecies African (P. k. krameri) and Indian rose-ringed parakeets (P. k. manillensis) - classical antiquity (date uncertain) West Africa, India pets, talking bird Rose-ringed Parakeet I IMG 9797.jpg Captive-bred, plumage colour changes 2e Psittaciformes
Red deer (Cervus elaphus)[70][71] including subspecies Caspian (C. e. maral), Norwegian (C. e. atlanticus) and Scottish red deer (C. e. scoticus) - ~1 CE China, Russia, Europe (including the United Kingdom), Iran meat, milk, leather, hides, antlers, velvet, pets Deer Stag AdF.jpg Captive-bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Roman snail (Helix pomatia) - 100 CE Europe meat, eggs, shells, slime, pets Helix pomatia 89a.jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Stingless bees (Melipona beecheii), (M. scutellaris), (M. bicolor), (M. quadrifasciata) and (M. subnitida) - 180 CE Mexico, the Amazon Basin honey, wax, propolis, pollination, pets M. scutellaris Hive.jpg Semi-domesticated 6a Hymenoptera
White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) - the Tang dynasty (618–907 CE) China, Indonesia pets, show Cacatua alba -pet-8a.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) including subspecies Triton (C. g. triton) and Eleonora cockatoos (C. g. eleonora) - date uncertain Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea pets, show Cacatua galerita Tas 2.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Great (Phalacrocorax carbo) and Japanese cormorants (P. capillatus) - 960 CE China, Japan fishing Phalacrocorax carbo ja01.jpg 2g Other birds
Mute swan (Cygnus olor) - 1000-1500 CE Europe (including the United Kingdom) meat, feathers, ornamental, guarding, pets CygneVaires.jpg Semi-domesticated 2a Anseriformes
House cricket (Acheta domesticus) - the 12th century CE Southwestern Asia, China, Japan meat, animal feed, fighting, pets Acheta domesticus, adultes Weibchen.jpg Somewhat common in captivity, very common in the wild 6b Other insects
Common (Coturnix coturnix) and Japanese quails (C. japonica) - 1100–1900 CE Eurasia, Japan meat, eggs, research, pets Japanese Quail.jpg 2b Galliformes
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) - 1200–1500 CE Europe, Asia meat, eggs, pets LakePowellCarp5437.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) - the Ming dynasty (1368–1644 CE) China pets Buberel Lonchura oryzivora 3.jpg Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Java sparrows from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable Threatened in the wild 2d Passeriformes
Siamese fighting fish or betta (Betta splendens); Spotted betta (B. picta) - the 19th century CE (uncertain for B. picta) Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo fighting, show, pets HM Orange M Sarawut.jpg Very significant physical and slight behavioral changes Common in captivity 5b Other fish
Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) including subspecies masked bobwhite (C. v. ridgwayi) - date uncertain the United States, Sonora meat, eggs, feathers, pets Virginiawachtel 2007-06-16 065.jpg Captive-bred, plumage changes 2b Galliformes
European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) - date uncertain Europe pets, singing Carduelis carduelis close up.jpg Captive-bred 2d Passeriformes
Indian grey mongoose (Urva edwardsii) - date uncertain India pest control, fighting, pets Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg 1c Carnivora
Gambian pouched (Cricetomys gambianus) and Emin's pouched rats (C. emini) - at least 1997,[72] but possibly the early 1990s (uncertain for C. emini) Sub-Saharan Africa meat, landmine detection, tuberculosis detection, pest control, pets Food Reward.JPG 1d Rodentia
Black (Francolinus francolinus) and grey francolins (F. pondicerianus) - date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, fighting, pets Black Francolin.jpg 2b Galliformes
Golden (Chrysolophus pictus) and Lady Amherst's pheasants (C. amherstiae) - date uncertain China ornamental, pest control, pets Male Golden Pheasant DC.jpg 2b Galliformes
Common (Phasianus colchicus) and green pheasants (P. versicolor) - date uncertain Asia, Japan meat, eggs, ornamental, pest control, pets Pheasant.jpg 2b Galliformes
Sika deer (Cervus nippon)[73] - date uncertain China, Taiwan, Japan meat, hides, antlers, tourism, pets Sikahjort.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) including subspecies East African (T. o. pattersonianus) and Livingstone's elands (T. o. livingstonii) - date uncertain Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Taurotragus oryx.jpg 1b Bovidae
American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)[74] - date uncertain the southeastern United States meat, hides, teeth, blood, pets American Alligator.jpg Captive-bred Once uncommon in the wild; captive breeding has led to the species both recovering across and repopulating much of its range. 3d Other reptiles
Eurasian elk or moose (Alces alces)[75] including subspecies Alaskan moose (A. a. gigas) - date uncertain Russia, Finland, Sweden, Alaska meat, milk, hides, antlers, working, draft, mount, transportation, research, pets Milkmaid-and-Moose-Cow-hp4080.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Masai ostrich (Struthio camelus massaicus) - date uncertain North Africa, West Africa, East Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, mount, racing, guarding, pets Yaen001.jpg Semi-domesticated 2f Palaeognathae
South African ostrich (Struthio camelus australis) - the 19th century CE Southern Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, mount, racing, guarding, pets Ostrich (Struthio camelus) male (13994461256).jpg Semi-domesticated 2f Palaeognathae
Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) - date uncertain Kenya meat, eggs, feathers, mount, racing, guarding, pets Somali ostrich.jpg Semi-domesticated 2f Palaeognathae
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) - the 1850s Australia pets, show, talking bird Melopsittacus undulatus -Zoo Atlanta-8a.jpg Captive-bred, plumage colour/pattern changes, some breeds are physically larger Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) - the 1870s Australia pets, show, talking bird Nymphicus hollandicus -garden-8.jpg Captive-bred, plumage colour/pattern changes Common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Tian Shan wapiti (Cervus canadensis songaricus) - date uncertain Russia, China meat, leather, hides, antlers, velvet, pets Rocky Mountain Bull Elk.jpg Captive-bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
European mink (Mustela lutreola) - the 1800s Europe, Russia fur Mink1.jpg 1c Carnivora
Coypu or nutria (Myocastor coypus) - the late 19th to the early 20th century CE Argentina meat, fur, aquatic weed control, pets Ratao do banhado 1 REFON.jpg Captive-bred 1d Rodentia
Guppy (Poecilia reticulata);[76] Cauca (P. caucana), sailfin (P. latipinna), shortfin (P. mexicana), liberty (P. salvatoris), common (P. sphenops), and Yucatan mollies (P. velifera); Endler's livebearer (P. wingei) - date uncertain Barbados, Brazil, El Salvador, Guyana, Mexico, Venezuela bait, pest control, research, pets Guppy coppia gialla.jpg 5b Other fish
Lesser fruit fly, vinegar fly or pomace fly (Drosophila melanogaster) - the 1910s Australia, South Africa research, animal feed Drosophila melanogaster - side (aka).jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) - the 1920s China research, biotechnology, pets Chinesedsaffa.jpg 1d Rodentia
Rosy-faced (Agapornis roseicollis), yellow-collared (A. personatus), Fischer's (A. fischeri), black-cheeked (A. nigrigenis), black-winged (A. taranta), and red-headed lovebirds (A. pullarius) - the 1920s (uncertain for A. personatus, A. fischeri, A. nigrigenis, A. taranta and A. pullarius) Africa, Madagascar pets Agapornis fischeri -Ueno Zoo, Japan -three-8a-4c.jpg Captive-bred, plumage colour/pattern changes in rosy-faced lovebird 2e Psittaciformes
Rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae; various species and subspecies) - the 1920s northern and eastern Australia, New Guinea, islands in Cenderawasih Bay and the Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia pest control, pets Red m boesemani.jpg 5b Other fish
Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) - the 1930s Syria, Turkey pets, research Golden hamster front 1.jpg Domesticated 1d Rodentia
Turkish hamster (Mesocricetus brandti) - the 20th century CE Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey pets, research Хомяк брандта.jpg Domesticated 1d Rodentia
Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) - the 1930s the Andes fur, research, pets Chinchilla lanigera1.jpg 1d Rodentia
Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) - the 1930s the Andes fur Chinchilla brevicaudata.jpg Raised in captivity Critically endangered in the wild 1d Rodentia
Water flea (Daphnia magna) - the 1930s North America, Eurasia, Africa research, animal feed Daphnia magna-female adult.jpg 6c Other arthropods
African (Xenopus laevis) and western clawed frogs (X. tropicalis) - the 1950s (uncertain for X. tropicalis) Southern Africa, West Africa research, pets Xenopus laevis 1.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Sea-monkey (Artemia nyos) - the 1950s the United States pets, research SeaMonkiesInAquarium.JPG Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
Ball (Python regius), Borneo (P. breitensteini), Sumatran short-tailed (P. curtus) and Brongersma's short-tailed pythons (P. brongersmai) - the 1960s (uncertain for P. breitensteini, P. curtus and P. brongersmai) Africa, Sumatra, Borneo, Malaysia pets Ball python lucy.JPG Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Burmese python (Python bivittatus) including subspecies dwarf Burmese python (P. b. progschai)[77][78] - date uncertain Myanmar, Thailand, Bali, Java, Sulawesi meat, skins, medicine, pets Python bivittatus тигровый питон.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Campbell's dwarf (Phodopus campbelli), winter white dwarf (P. sungorus) and Roborovski dwarf hamsters (P. roborovskii) - the 1960s Mongolia, Russia, China pets, research Phodopus roborovskii side.jpg 1d Rodentia
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum); tiger (A. tigrinum) and barred tiger salamanders (A. mavortium) - the 20th century CE (uncertain for A. tigrinum and A. mavortium) Mexico, the United States research, pets Ambystoma mexicanum at Vancouver Aquarium.jpg Slight physical changes A. mexicanum Critically endangered in the wild; A. tigrinum and A. mavortium less threatened 4b Other amphibians
Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) - date uncertain Australia, Papua New Guinea pets Probosciger aterrimus-20030511.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Common leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) including subspecies Afghan leopard gecko (E. m. afghanicus) - the 20th century CE (uncertain for E. m. afghanicus) Pakistan, Afghanistan pets Male Leopard Gecko.JPG Slight physical modification Somewhat common in captivity 3b Lacertilia
American bison (Bison bison) including subspecies wood bison (B. b. athabascae) - the 20th century CE (uncertain for B. b. athabascae) North America meat, leather, hides, fiber, horns, guarding, pets Tatanka.jpg Semi-domesticated 1b Bovidae
Companion parrots (Psittaciformes; various species and subspecies)[79][80] - the 1980s and 1990s Australia, Africa, Asia, North America, Central America, South America, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Fiji pets, show, talking bird, ornamental, guarding, education, therapy Congo African Grey pet on a perch.JPG Captive-bred, plumage colour changes in some species (e.g. grey parrot, turquoise-fronted amazon, green-cheeked parakeet and others) 2e Psittaciformes
Turqoise (Neophema pulchella), blue-winged (N. chrysostoma), and scarlet-chested parrots (N. splendida) - the 20th century CE (uncertain for N. chrysostoma and N. splendida) Australia pets, show Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Green and black (Dendrobates auratus) and yellow-banded poison dart frogs (D. leucomelas) - the mid- to late 20th century CE Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, French Guiana, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela pets Dendrobates tinctorius - Karlsruhe Zoo 05.jpg Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity 4a Anura
Common kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula) including subspecies eastern (L. g. getula), California (L. g. californiae), Florida (L. g. floridana), Mexican black (L. g. nigrita), and Brooks' kingsnakes (L. g. brooksi) - date uncertain Arizona, Florida, Mexico, California pets Lampropeltis getula getula.jpg 3a Serpentes
Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) - date uncertain Mexico, Guatemala, Arizona, Texas, California pest control, pets Serpent roi bandes grises 01.JPG 3a Serpentes
Thayer's kingsnake (Lampropeltis mexicana thayeri) - date uncertain Mexico pets Lampropeltis mexicana mexicana 01.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum) including subspecies eastern (L. t. triangulum), Andean (L. t. andesiana), Mexican (L. t. annulata), Pueblan (L. t. campbelli), black (L. t. gaigeae), Honduran (L. t. hondurensis), Nelson's (L. t. nelsoni), and Sinaloan milk snakes (L. t. sinaloae) - date uncertain Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, Colombia, Puebla, Panama, Sonora, Florida, Iowa, Alabama, Indiana, Tennessee pets Lampropeltis-triangulum-sinaloae-013.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Corn (Pantherophis gutttatus), western rat (P. obsoletus), and grey rat snakes (P. spiloides) - the 1960s (uncertain for P. obsoletus and P. spiloides) the United States pets Kornnatter.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, common in the wild 3a Serpentes
Madagascar hissing (Gromphadorhina portentosa) and wide-horned hissing cockroaches (G. oblongonota) - the 1960s (uncertain for G. oblongonota) Madagascar pets Female Madagascar hissing cockroach.JPG Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) and related species - the 1970s Australia pets Bartagame fcm.jpg Slight physical changes 3b Lacertilia
Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)[81] - the 1970s China meat, algae control Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Hungary.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Eclectus parrots - principally Moluccan eclectus (Eclectus roratus) and Papuan eclectus (Eclectus polychloros) - the 1980s Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands pets Eclectus roratus-20030511.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Salmon-crested (Cacatua moluccensis), blue-eyed (C. ophthalmica), and Red-vented cockatoos (C. haematuropygia); long-billed (C. tenuirostris), western (C. pastinator), little (C. sanguinea) and Tanimbar corellas (C. goffiniana) - the 1980s (uncertain for C. ophthalmica, C. haematuropygia, C. tenuirostris, C. pastinator, C. sanguinea and C. goffiniana) the Maluku Islands, Papua New Guinea, Australia, the Tanimbar Islands, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands pets, show, talking bird Cacatua moluccensis - closeup of head.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps)[82] - the 1980s Australia pest control, pets Petaurus breviceps 1.jpg 1e Other mammals
Rankin's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) - the 1980s Australia pets Pogona henrylawsoni.jpg 3b Lacertilia
Buff-tailed (Bombus terrestris) and common eastern bumblebees (B. impatiens) - the 1980s (uncertain for B. impatiens) Europe (including the United Kingdom), North America wax, pollination Bumblebee October 2007-3a.jpg 6a Hymenoptera
Greater (Rhea americana) and Darwin's rheas (R. pennata)[83] - the 1990s (uncertain for R. pennata) South America meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, pets Rhea side profile.jpg Semi-domesticated 2f Palaeognathae
Australian emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae novaehollandiae) - the 1990s Australia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, guarding, pets Emu-wild.jpg Semi-domesticated 2f Palaeognathae
Giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus) - date uncertain West Africa meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Houston Giant Eland.jpg 1b Bovidae
Fringe-eared oryx (Oryx beisa callotis) - date uncertain Kenya meat, leather, hides, horns Beisa, Tsawo-Wes, Tanzanië.jpg 1b Bovidae
Common degu (Octodon degus) - the 1990s the Chilean Andes pets, research Octodon degus -Heidelberg Zoo, Germany-8a.jpg 1d Rodentia
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus); Persian (M. persicus), Libyan (M. libycus), Shaw's (M. shawi), Tristram's (M. tristrami) and Sundevall's jirds (M. crassus) - the 1990s (uncertain for M. persicus, M. libycus, M. shawi, M. tristrami and M. crassus) Mongolia, Algeria, Iran, Libya, Turkey, Egypt pets, research Golden Agouti Male 4-1-05.jpg 1d Rodentia
Green (Iguana iguana) and Lesser Antillean iguanas (I. delicatissima) - the 1990s (uncertain for I. delicatissima) South America, the Lesser Antilles meat, leather, pets St Thomas Marriott Iguana 9 cropped.jpg Captive-bred 3b Lacertilia
Carpet python (Morelia spilota) including subspecies diamond python (M. s. spilota); eastern (M. s. mcdowelli), Murray Darling (M. s. metcalfei), Torresian (M. s. variegata) and jungle carpet pythons (M. s. cheynei) - date uncertain Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea pets Australian-Carpet-Python.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Southern green tree (Morelia viridis), southwestern carpet (M. imbricata), rough-scaled (M. carinata) and Bredl's pythons (M. bredli) - the mid-1990s (uncertain for M. carinata and M. bredli) Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea pets Morelia-viridis.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Red-tailed black (Calyptorhynchus banksii), yellow-tailed black (C. funereus) and glossy black cockatoos (C. lathami) - the late 1990s (uncertain for C. funereus and C. lathami) Australia pets, education Red tailed Black Cockatoo in flight.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Pin-tailed (Erythrura prasina), tricolored (E. tricolor), tawny-breasted (E. hyperythra), blue-faced (E. trichroa), red-eared (E. coloria), red-throated (E. psittacea) and Fiji parrotfinches (E. pealii) - date uncertain Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Timor, Australia, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Fiji and Thailand pets Erythrura prasina 228.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Gouldian finch (Chloebia gouldiae) - the late 1990s Australia pets, show Male adult Gouldian Finch.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Australian green (Ranoidea caerulea), orange-eyed (R. chloris), leaf green (R. phyllochroa), mountain stream (R. barringtonensis), magnificent (R. splendida), Blue Mountains (R. citropa) and dainty green tree frogs (R. gracilenta); growling grass frog (R. raniformis) - the late 20th century CE (uncertain for R. chloris, R. phyllochroa, R. barringtonensis, R. splendida, R. citropa, R. gracilenta and R. raniformis) Australia research, pets Litoria caerulea - Darwin NT.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Argentine (Ceratophrys ornata), Brazilian (C. aurita), Venezuelan (C. calcarata), Surinam (C. cornuta), Caatinga (C. joazeirensis), Pacific (C. stolzmanni) and Cranwell's horned frogs (C. cranwelli) - the late 20th century CE (uncertain for C. aurita, C. calcarata, C. cornuta, C. joazeirensis, C. stolzmanni and C. cranwelli) Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname, Ecuador pets Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)1.JPG Captive-bred 4a Anura
Crucian (Carassius carassius), Japanese white crucian (C. cuvieri) and Prussian carp (C. gibelio); ginbuna (C. langdorfii)[84] - the 2000s (uncertain for C. cuvieri, C. gibelio and C. langdorfii) England, Russia, Japan meat, research, pets Carassius carassius Prague Vltava 2.jpg Domesticated 5a Cyprinidae
King quail (Synoicus chinensis) - date uncertain Asia, Australia pets Excalfactoria chinensis (aka).jpg 2b Galliformes
Common (Corvus corax), white-necked (C. albicollis) and Australian ravens (C. coronoides); carrion (C. corone), hooded (C. cornix), American (C. brachyrhynchos), pied (C. albus) and house crows (C. splendens); rook (C. frugilegus)[85][86][87][88][89][90][91] - date uncertain Europe, Africa, India, Australia, North America pest control, research, show, pets Corvus albus -Etosha National Park, Namibia-8.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster)[92] - date uncertain India fishing Oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster) 21-Mar-2007 6-10-09 AM.JPG 2g Other birds
Southern (Chauna torquata) and northern screamers (C. chavaria) - date uncertain South America guarding Southern screamer (Chauna torquata).JPG 2a Anseriformes
Horned screamer (Anhima cornuta)[93] - date uncertain South America guarding Anhima cornuta -near Manu Wildlife Center, Manu National Park, Peru -three-8.jpg 2a Anseriformes
Red-legged seriema (Cariama cristata) - date uncertain South America guarding Red-legged Seriema RWD1.jpg 2g Other birds
Black-legged seriema (Chunga burmeisteri) - date uncertain South America guarding Blacklegged.jpg 2g Other birds
Golden (Aquila chrysaetos),[94]eastern imperial (A. heliaca), Spanish imperial (A. adalberti), wedge-tailed (A. audax), steppe (A. nipalensis), tawny (A. rapax), Bonelli's (A. fasciata) and Verreaux's eagles (A. verreauxii); African hawk-eagle (A. spilogaster) - date uncertain Europe, North America, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Africa, Australia falconry, intercepting, pest control, show, pets Aquila chrysaetos Flickr.jpg 2g Other birds
Bald (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)[95][96] and white-tailed eagles (H. albicilla); African fish eagle (H. vocifer); white-bellied sea (H. leucogaster) and Steller's sea eagles (H. pelagicus) - date uncertain North America, Europe, Russia, Africa, Australia falconry, intercepting, pest control, show, pets Weisskopf Seeadler haliaeetus leucocephalus 2 amk.jpg 2g Other birds
Harris's hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus harrisi)[97] - date uncertain the United States falconry, pest control, show, pets Harris Hawk 1b (5087160692).jpg 2g Other birds
Northern (Accipiter gentilis),[98] crested (A. trivirgatus) and African goshawks (A. tachiro); Cooper's (A. cooperii) and sharp-shinned hawks (A. striatus); Eurasian (A. nisus), Ovambo (A. ovampensis), collared (A. cirrocephalus), Japanese (A. gularis) and black sparrowhawks (A. melanoleucus); besra (A. virgatus); shikra (A. badius) - date uncertain Europe, Asia, Africa, North America falconry, pest control, show, pets Accipiter gentilis -owned by a falconer in Scotland -upper body-8a.jpg 2g Other birds
Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)[99] including subspecies Western Siberian (B. b. sibiricus), Eastern Siberian (B. b. yenisseensis) and Turkmenian eagle-owls (B. b. omissus) - date uncertain Europe, Russia, Turkmenistan pest control, show, pets Uhu-muc.jpg 2g Other birds
Tawny owl (Strix aluco)[100] - date uncertain Europe (including the United Kingdom) pest control, show, pets Tawny Owl.jpg 2g Other birds
Puna ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi) - date uncertain Peru meat, eggs, pest control Plegadis ridgwayi -Huacarpay Lakes, near Cusco, Peru-8.jpg 2g Other birds
Celebes warty pig (Sus celebensis) - date uncertain Sulawesi meat, tusks, pets Sus celebensis.png 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Red-necked (Notamacropus rufogriseus),[101] tammar (N. eugenii) and parma wallabies (N. parma) - the 2000s (uncertain for N. eugenii and N. parma) Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales lawn mowing, research, tourism, pets Red-necked wallaby.gk.jpg 1e Other mammals
Red kangaroo (Osphranter rufus)[102] - date uncertain Australia meat, leather, tourism, pets Red kangaroo - melbourne zoo.jpg 1e Other animals
Tiger (Dasyurus maculatus), eastern (D. viverrinus), western (D. geoffroii) and northern quolls (D. hallucatus)[103][104][105][106] - date uncertain Australia pest control, pets Dasyurus maculatus.jpg 1e Other mammals
Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata)[107] - date uncertain Bangladesh fishing, pets Smooth-coat-otter.JPG 1c Carnivora
Beech (Martes foina)[108][109] and yellow-throated martens (M. flavigula); sable (M. zibellina) - date uncertain Europe, Russia, India fur, pest control, pets Steinmarder (cropped).jpg 1c Carnivora
Fisher or Pennant's marten (Pekania pennanti) - date uncertain North America fur, pest control, research, pets Fisher-face-snow - West Virginia - ForestWander.jpg 1c Carnivora
Least (Mustela nivalis), Siberian (M. sibirica)[110] and yellow-bellied weasels (M. kathiah); European polecat (M. putorius)[111][112] - date uncertain Europe, Russia, India pest control, pets Mustela sibirica dd winter 2002.jpg 1c Carnivora
Greater (Galictis vittata) and lesser grisons (G. cuja) - date uncertain South America hunting, pest control, pets Greater grison.jpg 1c Carnivora
Patagonian weasel (Lyncodon patagonicus) - date uncertain Argentina, Chile pest control, pets Lyncodon patagonicus1.jpg 1c Carnivora
Common raccoon (Procyon lotor)[113] - date uncertain North America pest control, show, pets Procyon lotor 7 - am Wasser.jpg 1c Carnivora
South American (Nasua nasua)[114] and white-nosed coati (N. narica) - date uncertain South America, Costa Rica pest control, show, pets Nasua nasua.jpg 1c Carnivora
Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus) and cacomistle (B. sumichrasti)[115] - date uncertain North America, Central America pest control, pets Squaw-ringtail-28073.jpg 1c Carnivora
Southern (Tamandua tetradactyla) and northern tamanduas (T. mexicana)[116][117] - date uncertain South America, Central America pest control, pets Southern Tamandua and Young - Sunshine international aquarium, Tokyo, Japan.jpg 1e Other mammals
Mountain paca (Cuniculus taczanowskii) - date uncertain Mexico, Argentina, Ecuador meat, pets Cuniculus paca.jpg 1d Rodentia
Malayan (Hystrix brachyura),[118]Sunda (H. javanica), Indian crested (H. indica), African crested (H. cristata), Cape (H. africaeaustralis) and Philippine porcupines (H. pumila) - date uncertain Vietnam, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, India, Africa meat, quills, pets Hystrix brachyura, Malayan porcupine.jpg 1d Rodentia
Chinese bamboo (Rhizomys sinensis) and large bamboo rats (R. sumatrensis) - date uncertain China meat, pets Rhizomys sinensis - Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology - DSC02460.JPG 1d Rodentia
Lesser bamboo rat (Cannomys badius)[119] - date uncertain China, Laos meat, pets Lesser bamboo rat.jpg 1d Rodentia
Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus) - date uncertain the Eurasian steppe pets Lagurus lagurus.jpg 1d Rodentia
Lesser Egyptian (Gerbillus gerbillus), greater Egyptian (G. pyramidum), pale (G. perpallidus) and pleasant gerbils (G. amoenus) - date uncertain Egypt, Libya pets Perpallidus.jpg 1d Rodentia
Eurasian harvest mouse (Micromys minutus)[120] - date uncertain Europe pest control, pets Micromysminutus1.jpg 1d Rodentia
Northeastern (Ctenosaura acanthura), black (C. similis), and Mexican spiny-tailed iguana (C. pectinata) - date uncertain Mexico, Central America meat, pets Tolok.jpg Captive-bred 3b Lacertilia
Chinese cobra (Naja atra)[121] - date uncertain China venom, skins, pets Naja atra juvenile.jpg Captive-bred 3a Serpentes
Crimson rosella (Platycercus elegans) including subspecies Adelaide (P. e. adelaidae) and yellow rosellas (P. e. flaveolus) - date uncertain Australia pets Platycercus elegans Wilsons Prom.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Western (Platycercus icterotis), green (P. caledonicus), pale-headed (P. adscitus) and northern rosellas (P. venustus) - date uncertain Australia pets Platycercus icterotis1.jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Eastern rosella (Platycercus eximius) including subspecies golden-mantled rosella (P. e. elecica) - date uncertain Australia pets Eastern Rosella (36884763426).jpg Captive-bred 2e Psittaciformes
Hispaniolan (Trachemys decorata), Colombian (T. callirostris), Cuban (T. decussata), D'Orbigny's (T. dorbigni), Nicaraguan (T. emolli), ornate (T. ornata), Jamaican (T. terrapen) and Meso-American sliders (T. venusta) - date uncertain Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Colombia, Cuba, Brazil, Uruguay, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Mexico, Jamaica pets Trachemys decorata.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Pond slider (Trachemys scripta) including subspecies yellow-bellied (T. s. scripta), red-eared (T. s. elegans) and Cumberland sliders (T. s. troostii) - date uncertain the south-central and southeastern United States meat, pets Sheldonbasking.JPG Easy to tame Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 3c Testudines
Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis)[122] - date uncertain China meat, pets E8976-Namdaemun-Turtles-sold-in-ginseng-shop.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Chinese pond (Mauremys reevesii) and yellow pond turtles (M. mutica)[123] - date uncertain China meat, pets Chinemys reevesii 02.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)[124] - date uncertain Florida meat, pets Common Snapping Turtle.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Golden coin turtle (Cuora trifasciata) - date uncertain China meat, pets Cuora trifasciata.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Wattle-necked softshell turtle (Palea steindachneri) - date uncertain China meat, pets Palea steindachneri.jpeg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Keeled box turtle (Cuora mouhotii)[125] - date uncertain China meat, medicine, pets Mouhotii.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Arrau turtle (Podocnemis expansa)[126] - date uncertain Brazil meat, pets Podocnemis expansa INPA.jpg Captive-bred 3c Testudines
Saltwater (Crocodylus porosus), Nile (C. niloticus), West African (C. suchus), mugger (C. palustris), American (C. acutus), Cuban (C. rhombifer), Morelet's (C. moreletii), Orinoco (C. intermedius), freshwater (C. johnsoni), Siamese (C. siamensis), Philippine (C. mindorensis) and New Guinea crocodiles (C. novaeguineae)[127][128][129][130][131][132] - date uncertain Florida, Cuba, Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Africa, Iran, India, Thailand, Myanmar, Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea meat, hides, teeth, blood, fat, guarding, tourism, show, pets Nilecroc100.jpg Captive-bred 3d Other reptiles
Crimson (Neochmia phaeton) and red-browed finches (N. temporalis) - date uncertain New Guinea, Australia pets, show Neochmia phaeton -Middle Point, Northern Territory, Australia-8.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Star finch (Bathilda ruficauda) - date uncertain Australia pets, show Neochmia ruficauda.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Plum-headed finch (Aidemosyne modesta) - date uncertain Australia pets, show Plum-headed Finch-Neochmia modesta.jpg 2d Passeriformes
Grey partridge (Perdix perdix) - date uncertain Hungary, the United Kingdom meat, eggs, feathers, pets Perdix perdix (Marek Szczepanek).jpg 2b Galliformes
Red-legged (Alectoris rufa), chukar (A. chukar), Philby's (A. philbyi), Arabian (A. melanocephala) and Barbary partridges (A. barbara) - date uncertain France, Afghanistan, North Africa, Yemen, Oman meat, eggs, feathers, pets Perdrix rouge.jpg 2b Galliformes
Chinese bamboo (Bambusicola thoracicus) and mountain bamboo partridges (B. fytchii) - date uncertain China, India meat, eggs, feathers, pets Bambusicola thoracicus1.jpg 2b Galliformes
Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) - date uncertain Nepal meat, eggs, feathers, ornamental, pets Lophophorus impejanus Zoo DU 2.jpg 2b Galliformes
Kalij (Lophura leucomelanos), Swinhoe's (L. swinhoii), Salvadori's (L. inornata), silver (L. nycthemera) and Edwards's pheasants (L. edwardsi); Siamese fireback (L. diardi) - date uncertain Nepal, Taiwan, Vietnam, Sumatra, China, Thailand meat, eggs, feathers, ornamental, pets Swinhoe's Pheasant 0673.jpg 2b Galliformes
Red (Gallus gallus), green (G. varius), grey (G. sonneratii) and Sri Lankan junglefowl (G. lafayettii) - date uncertain India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Java meat, eggs, feathers, ornamental, pets Red Junglefowl - Thailand.jpg 2b Galliformes
Scaled (Callipepla squamata), elegant (C. douglasii), Gambel's (C. gambelii) and California quails (C. californica) - date uncertain Mexico, Utah, California meat, eggs, feathers, pets Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata) (20164244389).jpg 2b Galliformes
Mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus) - date uncertain California meat, eggs, feathers, pets Oreortyx pictus.jpg 2b Galliformes
Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) - date uncertain Mexico meat, eggs, feathers, pets Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae).jpg 2b Galliformes
Vulturine guineafowl (Acryllium vulturinum) - date uncertain Ethiopia meat, pest control, pets Acryllium vulturinum -Tsavo East National Park, Kenya-8.jpg 2b Galliformes
Harlequin (Coturnix delegorguei), rain (C. coromandelica) and stubble quails (C. pectoralis) - date uncertain Africa, India, Australia meat, eggs, feathers, pets Harlequin Quail (Coturnix delegorguei) (6035291347).jpg 2b Galliformes
Edible-nest swiftlet (Aerodramus fuciphagus)[133] - date uncertain Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore nests AerodramusFuciphagus.LipKee.jpg 2g Other birds
Tarantulas (Theraphosidae, various species and subspecies)[134] - date uncertain North America, Central America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Papua New Guinea research, venom, pets Brachypelma smithi 2009 G09.jpg Captive-bred Common in captivity, becoming rare in the wild 6c Other arthropods
Crested (Correlophus ciliatus) and suras geckos (C. sarasinorum) - date uncertain New Caledonia pets Gekkoninae Rhacodactylus ciliatus tete.png Captive-bred Somewhat common in captivity, nearly extinct in the wild 3b Lacertilia
Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris)[135] - date uncertain Florida meat Florida Manatee FWS 20.jpg 1e Other mammals
Roan (Hippotragus equinus)[136] and sable antelopes (H. niger)[137] - date uncertain South Africa meat, horns Sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) adult male.jpg 1b Bovidae
Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros),[138] nyala (T. angasii),[139] and Cape bushbuck (T. sylvaticus) - date uncertain South Africa meat, hides, horns, pets Male greater kudu.jpg 1b Bovidae
Blue (Connochaetes taurinus)[140] and black wildebeest (C. gnou)[141] - date uncertain South Africa, Kenya meat, leather, hides, horns, pets Blue Wildebeests (Connochaetes taurinus) (6451904975).jpg 1b Bovidae
Bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus pygargus) including subspecies blesbok (D. p. phillipsi)[142] - date uncertain South Africa meat, hides, horns Blesbok at NC zoo.jpg 1b Bovidae
Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)[143] - date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, hides, horns, pets Nilgauantilope Boselaphus tragocamelus Tierpark Hellabrunn-10.jpg 1b Bovidae
Scaly-breasted munia (Lonchura punctulata) - date uncertain Southeast Asia pets, research Lonchura punctulata (Nagarhole, 2004).jpg Slight physical changes Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 2d Passeriformes
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) - date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, hides, horns, pets Blackbuck male female.jpg 1b Bovidae
Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis)[144] - date uncertain South Africa meat, hides, horns, pets Springbok etosha.jpg 1b Bovidae
Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia)[145] - date uncertain North Africa meat, horns BarbarySheep4.jpg 1b Bovidae
African buffalo (Syncerus caffer)[146][147] - date uncertain South Africa meat, leather, horns African Buffalo.JPG 1b Bovidae
Collared peccary (Dicotyles tajacu)[148] - date uncertain Brazil meat, pets Collared peccary02 - melbourne zoo.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
South African giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) - date uncertain South Africa tourism, pets South African Giraffes, fighting.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Thorold's deer (Cervus albirostris)[149] - date uncertain China meat, antlers CervusAlbirostris2.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
White-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus)[150] and mule deer (O. hemionus) - date uncertain Virginia, West Virginia, Florida, Montana, Canada, Colombia meat, hides, antlers, pets White-tailed deer.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Chital or axis deer (Axis axis) - date uncertain India meat, hides, antlers, pets Chital Stag.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Water deer (Hydropotes inermis) - date uncertain China meat, tusks, pets Hydropotes inermis male.JPG 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Dwarf (Moschus berezovskii), alpine (M. chrysogaster), white-bellied (M. leucogaster) and Siberian musk deer (M. moschiferus)[151][152][153] - date uncertain China, India, Russia meat, hides, tusks, musk Moschustier.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Guanaco (Lama guanicoe)[154] - date uncertain Peru fiber, guarding, pets Crazy Guanaco (5464058504).jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna)[155] - date uncertain Peru fiber, pets Vicunacrop.jpg 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum)[156] - date uncertain South Africa horns Ceratotherium simum Kruger Park 02.JPG 1e Other mammals
Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)[157] - date uncertain South Africa horns Muddy Rhino (377658490).jpg 1e Other mammals
Fishing (Prionailurus viverrinus) and rusty-spotted cats (P. rubiginosus)[158][159] - date uncertain India pest control, pets Rostkatze Zoo Berlin.JPG 1c Carnivora
Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)[160][161][162][163] - date uncertain South Africa, Ethiopia, Nigeria hunting, guarding, waste management, tourism, show, pets Spotted Hyena, Ngorongoro.jpg 1c Carnivora
Common (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and Japanese raccoon dogs (N. viverrinus) - date uncertain China, Japan fur, pest control, pets Nyctereutes procyonoides 4 (Piotr Kuczynski).jpg 1c Carnvora
Red (Vulpes vulpes), Arctic (V. lagopus), swift (V. velox), kit (V. macrotis), fennec (V. zerda),[164] corsac (V. corsac) and pale foxes (V. pallida) - date uncertain Europe, North America, North Africa, Sudan, Central Asia fur, pest control, pets Polarfuchs 1 2004-11-17.jpg 1c Carnivora
Grey (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and island foxes (U. littoralis)[165] - date uncertain the eastern United States, the Channel Islands, California pelts, pest control, pets Urocyon littoralis pair.jpg 1c Carnivora
Bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) - date uncertain Africa pest control, show, pets Otocyon megalotis - Etosha 2014.jpg 1c Carnivora
Eurasian (C. l. lupus), Iberian (C. l. signatus), steppe (C. l. campestris), Mongolian (C. l. chanco), Arabian (C. l. arabs), Indian (C. l. pallipes), Arctic (C. l. arctos), Greenland (C. l. orion) and northwestern wolves (C. l. occidentalis)[166][167][168][169][170][171][172][173][174][175] - date uncertain Europe, Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, the Middle East, Canada, Greenland hunting, guarding, pest control, draft, research, education, therapy, tourism, show, pets Alba-European-Wolf.jpg 1c Carnivora
Coyote, prairie wolf or brush wolf (Canis latrans)[176] - date uncertain North America pest control, pets Canis latrans.jpg 1c Carnivora
Meerkat or suricate (Suricata suricatta)[177][178] - date uncertain South Africa pest control, research, education, therapy, tourism, show, pets Meerkat feb 09.jpg 1c Carnivora
Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) - date uncertain West Africa pets, pest control Cusimanse.jpg Captive-bred 1c Carnivora
Ruddy (Urva smithii)[179] and Javan mongoose (U. javanicus)[180] - date uncertain India, Southeast Asia pest control, pets Ruddy-mongoose.jpg 1c Carnivora
Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) - date uncertain Thailand, Indonesia meat, pets Kissfish.jpg Domesticated 5b Other fish
Giant (Osphronemus goramy),[181][182] giant red tail (O. laticlavius) and elephant ear gouramis (O. exodon) - date uncertain Southeast Asia meat, weed control, pets Osphronemus Gourami (better).png Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Red-bellied (Pygocentrus nattereri), piraya (P. piraya) and black spot piranha (P. cariba) - date uncertain South America meat, teeth, research, pets Gregory Moine - Red bellied Piranha (by).jpg Semi-domesticated Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 5b Other fish
Atlantic bluefin (Thunnus thynnus), Pacific bluefin (T. orientalis), southern bluefin (T. maccoyii), yellowfin (T. albacares) and bigeye tunas (T. obesus); albacore or longfin tuna (T. alalunga)[183][184] - date uncertain Europe, East Asia, Australia, Hawaii, North America meat, eggs Pacific bluefin tuna.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
European sea (Acipenser sturio), white (A. transmontanus), shortnose (A. brevirostrum), Persian (A. persicus), Siberian (A. baerii), Adriatic (A. naccarii) and starry sturgeons (A. stellatus)[185][186][187][188] - date uncertain Europe, Alaska, California, Canada, Iran, Russia, Albania, the Aegean Sea meat, eggs, pets 4803 white sturgeon swart odfw (4455050144).jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Malabar (Epinephelus malabaricus), giant (E. lanceolatus), greasy (E. tauvina), areolate (E. areolatus), dusky (E. marginatus), wavy-lined (E. undulosus), six-bar (E. sexfasciatus) and orange-spotted groupers (E. coioides)[189][190][191] - date uncertain Asia, Australia, Fiji, South Africa, Italy, the Indo-Pacific meat Epinephelus malabaricus in UShaka Sea World 1098.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) - date uncertain Europe, Asia, North America meat, eggs Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) (cropped).jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) including subspecies amago (O. m. macrostomus) - date uncertain Russia, Japan, Korea meat Oncorhynchus masou in Aquarium 2011-09-11.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (S. trutta) - date uncertain Europe (including the United Kingdom), Alaska, Canada, Chile, Russia, Australia, Tasmania meat, eggs Salmo trutta Trout Aquarium Atlanterhavsparken Norway.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Barramundi (Lates calcarifer),[192] Japanese lates (L. japonicus) and Nile perch (L. niloticus)[193] - date uncertain the United Kingdom, Poland, the United States, India, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Australia, Japan, Africa meat, pets Barramundi.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Cobia (Rachycentron canadum) - date uncertain the United States, Asia, Panama, Mexico meat Cobia fingerlings.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
European bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) - date uncertain Europe meat Dicentrarchus labrax01.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Milkfish (Chanos chanos)[194] - date uncertain the Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia meat Chanidae - Chanos chanos.JPG Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Northern pike (Esox lucius)[195] - date uncertain Europe meat, eggs, research, pets Esox lucius ZOO 1.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Alligator (Atractosteus spatula), Cuban (A. tristoechus) and tropical gars (A. tropicus)[196][197][198] - date uncertain North America, Cuba, Costa Rica meat, pets Alligator Gar 10.JPG Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) - date uncertain China meat, weed control Ctenopharyngodon idella 01 Pengo.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) - date uncertain China meat, pest control, medicine Mylopharyngodon piceus.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) - date uncertain China meat Hypophthalmichthys-nob.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Giant barb (Catlocarpio siamensis)[199] - date uncertain Vietnam meat, pets Giant Barb.jpg 5a Cyprinidae
Arapaima (Arapaima gigas)[200][201] - date uncertain the Amazon Basin meat, pets Arapaima gigas at Beijing aquarium.JPG Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Wels catfish (Silurus glanis)[202] - date uncertain Europe meat European Catfish (Silurus glanis) (13532570755).jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Iridescent shark (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and Mekong giant catfish (P. gigas)[203] - date uncertain Southeast Asia meat, pets Iridescent shark.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)[204] - date uncertain California, Colorado meat Mugil cephalus Minorca.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Green (Etroplus suratensis)[205] and orange chromides (E. maculatus); Canara pearlspot (E. canarensis) - date uncertain India meat, pets Etroplus suratensis.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus) - date uncertain the Caribbean Sea meat, tourism 2006-10-06 18 - Yellowtail Snapper.JPG Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus)[206] - date uncertain the Gulf of Mexico meat, research Red snapper 2.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Greater (Seriola dumerili), Japanese (S. quinqueradiata) and yellowtail amberjacks (S. lalandi); longfin yellowtail (S. rivoliana)[207][208] - date uncertain the Mediterranean Sea, Japan, Chile, Hawaii meat Seriola dumerili by NPS.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Southern (Paralichthys lethostigma) and olive flounders (P. olivaceus)[209] - the 1980s (uncertain for P. lethostigma) the United States, Japan, China, Korea meat Paralichthys lethostigma.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
European (Anguilla anguilla), Japanese (A. japonica), American (A. rostrata), short-finned (A. australis) and New Zealand longfin eels (A. dieffenbachii[210][211][212][213] - date uncertain Europe, Asia, North America, Australia, New Zealand meat, research, medicine, pets Anguilla anguilla.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Sugarbag bee (Tetragonula carbonaria) and Indian stingless bee (T. iridipennis) - date uncertain Australia, India honey, wax, propolis, pollination Sugarbag bee.jpg 6a Hymenoptera
Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) - date uncertain Central America, South America animal feed, pets Dubia-cockroach-female-near-ruler.jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Mealworm (Tenebrio molitar) and superworm (Zophobas morio) - date uncertain Europe meat, animal feed, research Zophobas morio larva - top (aka).jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) - date uncertain the United States research Tribolium castaneum.jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens)[214] - date uncertain the United States meat, animal feed, pollination, decomposing Hermetiaillucens.jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Waxworms (Achroia grisella and Galleria mellonella) - date uncertain Europe? meat, bait, animal feed, research Achroia grisella caterpillars kleine wasmot rupsen (1).jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Mopane moth (Gonimbrasia belina)[215] - date uncertain Southern Africa meat, silk Mopane Worm by Arne Larsen.jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
American cockroach (Periplaneta americana)[216] - date uncertain North America meat, medicine, pets American-cockroach.jpg Captive-bred 6b Other insects
Flame jellyfish (Rhopilema esculentum)[217] - date uncertain China meat, medicine, pets Rhopilema esculentum at Monterey Bay Aquarium.jpg Captive-bred 7c Other animals
Giant Pacific octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini)[218] - date uncertain Japan, Korea meat, research, pets Enteroctopus dolfeini.jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Common (Octopus vulgaris), common Sydney (O. tetricus), big blue (O. cyanea), Mexican four-eyed (O. maya), California two-spot (O. bimaculoides), Gould's (O. mimus), long arm (O. minor), Caribbean reef (O. briareus), Caribbean dwarf (O. mercatoris) and East Pacific red octopuses (O. rubescens)[219][220][221][222][223][224] - date uncertain Europe, Asia, North America, Western Australia, Hawaii, the Caribbean Sea meat, ink, research, pets Octopus vulgaris 2.jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Common periwinkle (Littorina littorea) - date uncertain Europe meat, shells Littorina littorea 001.jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Garden snail (Cornu aspersum) - date uncertain Europe meat, eggs, shells, slime, pets Snail1web.jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Giant Ghana African snail (Achatina achatina)[225] - date uncertain Ghana, Kenya meat, eggs, shells, slime, pets Giant tiger land snail (Achatina achatina).jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Giant East African (Lissachatina fulica)[226] and African land snails (L. albopicta) - date uncertain East Africa meat, shells, slime, education, pets Snail in Ubud, Bali, 2010 (1).jpg Captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Pacific (Eptatretus stoutii) and inshore hagfishes (E. burgeri)[227][228] - date uncertain the United States, South Korea, Japan meat, skins, slime Eptatretus stoutii 1.jpg Captive-bred 5b Other fish
Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) - date uncertain North America meat, blood, research, pets Limulus polyphemus (aq.).jpg Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
Japanese horseshoe crab (Tachypleus tridentatus) - date uncertain Japan, China, India meat, blood, pets Tachypleus tridentatus.jpg Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
Mud crab (Scylla serrata) - date uncertain Asia meat, pets Scylla serrata Mud Crab.jpg Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
Flower crab (Portunus armatus)[229][230] - date uncertain Australia meat Portunus pelagicus male.jpg Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
European (Homarus gammarus) and American lobsters (H. americanus)[231][232][233] - date uncertain Europe, the United States meat KreeftbijDenOsse.jpg Captive-bred 6c Other arthropods
American bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus), northern leopard frog (L. pipiens) and wood frog (L. sylvaticus) - date uncertain North America meat, education, research, pets North-American-bullfrog1.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Northern green frog (Lithobates clamitans melanota) - date uncertain North America pets Male Green Frog - Hunterdon County, NJ.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Pig frog (Lithobates grylio) - date uncertain North America meat, pets Rana grylio.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Pool (Pelophylax lessonae) and marsh frogs (P. ridibundus)[234] - date uncertain Europe meat, pets RanaLessonae1.JPG Captive-bred 4a Anura
Crab-eating frog (Fejervarya cancrivora) - date uncertain Java meat Fejer cancri 050403 002 tdp.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Chinese edible frog (Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) and Indus Valley bullfrog (H. tigerinus) - date uncertain China, Thailand meat, pets Hoplobatrachus rugulosus 2.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Chinese spiny frog (Quasipaa spinosa) - date uncertain China meat Quasipaa spinosa.jpg Captive-bred 4a Anura
Blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) - the 14th century CE Europe meat Blue mussel Mytilus edulis.jpg Captured in the wild or captive-bred Extended in the wild and in captivity 7a Mollusca
New Zealand green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus) - the 1970s New Zealand meat Green Lipped Mussel (314300764).jpg Captured in the wild and captive-bred 7a Mollusca
Purple dye murex (Bolinus brandaris) - classical antiquity (date uncertain) the central and western Mediterranean Sea Tyrian purple, meat Brandhorn Bolinus brandaris 2.jpg Captive-bred No longer bred 7a Mollusca
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) - the 19th century CE[citation needed] North America pelts, pest control, pets Zoo des 3 vallées - Mouffette rayée - 2015-01-02 - i3441.jpg Tame when captive-bred, significant physical changes[citation needed] Somewhat common in the wild and in captivity 1c Carnivora

Taxonomical groupings[edit]

The categories used in the Taxon group column are:

See also[edit]


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  12. ^ Vigne, Jean-Denis (2011). "The origins of animal domestication and husbandry: A major change in the history of humanity and the biosphere". Comptes Rendus Biologies. 334 (3): 171–181. doi:10.1016/j.crvi.2010.12.009. PMID 21377611.
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