Domingo Cabello y Robles
|Domingo Cabello y Robles|
|42nd Governor of Nicaragua,
Viceroyalty of New Spain
|Preceded by||Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena|
|Succeeded by||Manuel de Quiroga|
|25th Governor of Spanish Texas,
Viceroyalty of New Spain
|Preceded by||Juan María Vicencio|
|Succeeded by||Bernardo Bonavía y Zapata|
|10th Governor of Cuba in 2nd Spanish Suzerainty,
Viceroyalty of New Spain
18 April 1789 – 1790
|Preceded by||José Manuel de Ezpeleta|
|Succeeded by||Luis de las Casas y Aragorri|
|Profession||Office and governor|
Domingo Cabello y Robles (1725 -?) was a Spanish military officer who served as the governor of Nicaragua (1764–1776), Texas (1778 and 1786) and Cuba (1789–1790). His legislation in Texas was widely criticized.
Domingo Cabello y Robles was born in León, Spain, around 1725. As a youth, he joined the Royal Spanish Army of Leon, where he became an officer. In 1741, he joined an infantry regiment, serving as Lieutenant.
In 1742, he traveled to Santiago de Cuba, and the flotilla was attacked by an English warship. He returned to Spain in 1749, however, the King appointed him Mayor and sent him back to Cuba, where he acted as commander of a fixed regiment of four battalions belonging to the garrison of the island and presidios of Florida. In 1762, he managed to defeat the British, who tried to invade Havana. Thereafter, the king appointed him as governor of Nicaragua. This appointment became official on December 12, 1764, with his governorship ending on July 20, 1776.
Governor of Texas
On October 29, 1778 Cabello was appointed interim governor of Texas. During his term, he helped the Lipan Apache people in their struggle against the Comanches. Due to the strength of the Comanche Empire and his desire to end their countless raids into Spanish territory, he enlisted Pedro Vial  and Francisco Xavier Chavez to attempt to negotiate peace with the Comanche people. In 1785, a peace treaty between the Spanish and Comanches was enacted, achieving an acceptable peace in the north of the border until his government ended. However, the Apaches still were a threat in the South and the lands spread until Pecos.
The previous administration of Ripperdá brought most of Texas population into poverty. In addition, massive exports of products of animal origins caused a depletion of livestock, resulting in cattle raiding (to continue producing products of animal origins, an economic activity practiced by many families in Texas) and the failure of an ordinance issued in January 1778. Cabello tried to comply with regulation of exports and made attempts to prevent illegal exports. Therefore, on July 10, 1783, he set the so-called "Bando" (Side) law, which required compliance with certain guidelines for the exports of products of unmarked livestock, roundup and branding.
Cabello set a number of changes and improvements in Texas during his administration. He created a new province joining Texas (which belonged to the Audiencia Real (Supreme Court) of the Mexico's jurisdiction) to Guadalajara. Later, many residents of Bucareli (place located near Trinity River), abandoned this city and settled in Nacogdoches, in Hasinai lands. Cabello y Robles also established a monthly mail service between the Province of Texas and the Provincias Internas (Internal Provinces). In 1786, Pedro Vial was commissioned to find a direct route between San Antonio and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Cabello ended his term in December 3, 1786.
Shortly after he abandoned the legislation in Texas, farmers presented a memorial against Cabello, accusing him of setting unfair rules and denying them the rights on the unbranded cattle. They also accused him of having misappropriated funds. Cabello was very criticized, but he was highly regarded by the king. He did not learn of the charges against him until 1790. Nonetheless, between 1789 and 1790, he occupied other highlight military and politician charges: so, he was governor of Cuba, lieutenant of king in the garrison of the Havana and deputy inspector of troops of Cuba, and in 1797 he attained the Field Marshal's rank.
- Jesús F. de la Teja (November 26, 2008). "Handbook of Texas Online: Cabello y Robles, Domingo". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Funes Monzote, Reinaldo (2004). De bosque a sabana: azúcar, deforestación y medio ambiente en Cuba, 1492-1926 (in Spanish: From forest to savannah: sugar, deforestation and environment in Cuba, 1492-1926). Page 147.
- Pekka Hamalainen, The Comanche Empire, p. 113-123
- Martínez Laínez, Fernando and Canales Torres, Carlos. Banderas lejanas: La exploración, conquista y defensa por parte de España del Territorio de los actuales Estados Unidos (Flags far: The exploration, conquest and defence by Spain of the Territory of the present United States). Page 177. Fourth edition: September 2009.