Domingo Cabello y Robles

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Domingo Cabello y Robles
42nd Governor of Nicaragua
In office
Preceded by Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena
Succeeded by Manuel de Quiroga
25th Governor of the Texas Spanish
In office
Preceded by Juan María Vicencio
Succeeded by Bernardo Bonavía y Zapata
10th Governor of Cuba in 2nd Spanish Suzerainty
In office
18 April 1789 – 1790
Preceded by José Manuel de Ezpeleta
Succeeded by Luis de las Casas y Aragorri
Personal details
Born 1725
León, Spain
Died unknown
Profession Office and governor

Domingo Cabello y Robles (1725 -?) was the Spanish governor of Nicaragua (1764–1776), Texas (1778 and 1786) and Cuba (1789–1790). His legislation in Texas was widely criticized.

Early years[edit]

Domingo Cabello y Robles was born in León, Spain, around 1725. As a youth, he joined the Royal Spanish Army of Leon, where he became an officer. In 1741, he joined an infantry regiment, where he served as a Lieutenant. In 1742, while he was traveling to Santiago de Cuba, a ship of his company was attacked by an English warship. Later, in 1749, he returned to Spain. However, shortly thereafter, the King appointed him Mayor and sent him back to Cuba, where he acted as commander of a fixed regiment of four battalions belonging to the garrison of the island and presidios of Florida. In 1762, he managed to defeat the British, who tried to invade Havana. Thereafter, the king appointed him as governor of Nicaragua. This appointment became official on December 12, 1764, with his governorship ending on July 20, 1776.[1]

Government in Texas[edit]

On October 29, 1778[1] he was appointed interim governor of Texas.[1][2] In Robles' government in Texas, he helped the Lipan Apaches in their struggle against the Comanches. Due to the strength of the Comanche Empire and his desire to end their countless raids into Spanish territory, he enlisted Pedro Vial [1][3] and Francisco Xavier Chavez to attempt set peace with the Comanche people.[3] In 1785 a peace treaty between the Spanish and Comanches was set,[3][4]achieving an acceptable peace in the north of the border until his government ended. However, the Apaches still were a threat in the South and the lands spread until Pecos.[4]

The administration of Ripperdá brought into poverty to the most of the Texas population, through the great economic slaughter of the government of Texas. In addition, the massive exports of products of animals origin caused a depletion of livestock, resulting in cattle rustling in Texas (to continue producing products of animal origin, economic activity basic of many families of Texas) and the failure of an ordinance issued in January 1778. Cabellos tried to comply with regulation of exports and an attempt to prevent illegal exportations. Therefore, on July 10, 1783, he set the so-called "Bando" (Side) law, which required compliance with certain guidelines for the exports of products of unmarked livestock, roundup and branding.

Cabellos set a number of changes and improvements in Texas during his administration in this province (Texas was a province in this time). In addition, Cabello y Robles created a new province joining Texas (which belonged to the Audiencia Real (Supreme Court) of the Mexico's jurisdiction) to Guadalajara. Later, many residents of Bucareli (place located near Trinity River), abandoned this city and settled in Nacogdoches, in Hasinai lands. Cabello y Robles also established a monthly mail service between the Province of Texas and the Provincias Internas (Internal Provinces). In 1786 Pedro Vial was commissioned to find a direct route between San Antonio and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Cabellos ended his term in December 3, 1786.[1]

Last years of his life[edit]

Shortly after he abandoned its legislation in Texas, farmers presented a memorial against Cabellos, accusing him of set unfair rules and deny them the rights on the unbranded cattle. They also accused him of having misappropriated funds. Cabellos was very criticized, but he was highly regarded by the king. He did not learn of the charges against him until 1790.[1] Despite which, between 1789 and 1790, he occupied other highlight military and politician charges: so, he was governor of Cuba, king's lieutenant in the garrison of the Havana city and deputy inspector of troops of Cuba, and in 1797 he attain the Field Marshal's rank.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Jesús F. de la Teja (November 26, 2008). "Handbook of Texas Online: Cabello y Robles, Domingo". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ Funes Monzote, Reinaldo (2004). De bosque a sabana: azúcar, deforestación y medio ambiente en Cuba, 1492-1926 (in Spanish: From forest to savannah: sugar, deforestation and environment in Cuba, 1492-1926). Page 147.
  3. ^ a b c Pekka Hamalainen, The Comanche Empire, p. 113-123
  4. ^ a b Martínez Laínez, Fernando and Canales Torres, Carlos. Banderas lejanas: La exploración, conquista y defensa por parte de España del Territorio de los actuales Estados Unidos (Flags far: The exploration, conquest and defense by Spain of the Territory of the present United States). Page 177. Fourth edition: September 2009.