Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia
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Saint Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia
Régil, Guipúzcoa, Spain
|Died||14 August 1633|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||18 February 1981, Manila, Philippines by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized||18 October 1987, St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Major shrine||Binondo Church in Binondo, Manila, Philippines|
Fr. Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia (c. 1589 – August 14, 1633) was born in Régil, Guipúzcoa, Spain. In 1605, he was professed in the Dominican Order and in 1611, he arrived in the Philippines where he worked as missionary to Pangasinan and later as Professor of Theology at the Colegio de Santo Tomas.
In 1623, he departed for Japan when the persecution was most violent. During ten years he worked among the Christians, comforting them, reconciling the apostates, administering the sacraments in painfully difficult circumstances. Constantly sought by the authorities, and desiring martyrdom, he was captured in July 1633 and interned in the prison of Nagoya. Taken to Nagasaki, and after refusing to renounce his faith, he was placed in the torment of gallows and the pit on August 13, 1633 and died the next day.
Ibáñez was aided in his missionary efforts by Francis Shoyemon, a Japanese layman who later was received into the Order of Preachers as a Dominican Cooperator Brother. Shoyemon served as a catechist and translator, and when Ibáñez was imprisoned, Shoyemon was with him. It was while they were in prison that Ibáñez received Shoyemon into the Dominican Order as a cooperator brother. The two coworkers in the faith were put to death on the same day.
Cause of beatification and canonization
The Positio Super Introductione Causae or the cause of beatification was authored by respected historian, Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P., which led to his beatification during Pope John Paul II's papal visit to the Philippines. It was the first beatification ceremony to be held outside the Vatican in the modern era (often during the middle ages beatifications were delegated to papal legates).
- "Beatifications of Pope John Paul II", Vatican News Service
- "UST Archives director Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P. : Master key to UST's past - azheepineda's blog". Azheepineda.skyrock.com. 2010-01-02. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "2-volume UST history charts evolution of higher education in the Philippines | Inquirer Lifestyle". Lifestyle.inquirer.net. 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "UST historian named Master of Theology". The Varsitarian. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- Lorenzo de Manila, The Proto-Martyr of The Philippines and his Companions - Fr. Fidel Villarroel, O.P., 1988