Dominican Liberation Party

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Dominican Liberation Party

Partido de la Liberación Dominicana
LeaderLeonel Fernández
Danilo Medina
PresidentLeonel Fernández
General SecretaryReinaldo Pared Pérez
FounderJuan Bosch
Founded15 December 1973; 45 years ago (1973-12-15)
Split fromDominican Revolutionary Party
HeadquartersIndependence Avenue 401, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
NewspaperVanguardia del Pueblo
Social democracy
Social liberalism
Dominican nationalism
Political positionCentre-left[1]
International affiliationSão Paulo Forum
Regional affiliationCOPPPAL
Colors         Violet and Yellow
Chamber of Deputies[2]
106 / 190
26 / 32
106 / 155
Central American Parliament[3]
10 / 20
Leonel Fernández, the president of the Dominican Liberation Party

The Dominican Liberation Party[a] (Spanish: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana, PLD) is the current governing political party in the Dominican Republic. Founded in 1973 by former president Juan Bosch, the party, along with the Dominican Revolutionary Party, have dominated politics in the country since the establishment of democracy.


The party has been elected into office four times now, with Danilo Medina as current President of the Dominican Republic, in the 1996, 2004, 2008 and 2012 elections, though losing in 2000. In May 2006 the party and its allies gained control of both houses of Congress.

At the legislative elections, 16 May 2002, the party won 29.1% of the popular vote and 41 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential election of 16 May 2004, Leonel Fernández, won 57.1% of the vote.

Founded by Juan Bosch in 1973, the PLD originally was considerably to the left of Bosch's original party, the Dominican Revolutionary Party. Today the party is seen gravitating towards a more centrist platform and embraces many neoliberal policies away from its post-communist and neomarxist past. Bosch ran for president as the party’s candidate several times, but did not win. Following Bosch’s retirement, Fernandez became the leader of the party and won the 1996 presidential elections after forming an alliance with Dr. Joaquín Balaguer, Bosch’s political enemy for over 30 years. He did not run for another term in 2000, but returned to the presidency in 2004. The party's logo is a yellow five-pointed star on a purple background.

In the 16 May 2006 legislative elections, the party led the Progressive Bloc, that won 96 out of 178 deputies and 22 out of 32 senators.

On May 16, 2008, presidential elections were carried and PLD candidate Leonel Fernández won 54%, defeating 7 other presidential candidates.

On May 16, 2010, congressional and municipal elections held, the Dominican Liberation Party won a majority of Senators (31 of 32) and Representatives, as well the largest number of mayors around the country.

On May 20, 2012 the PLD won its third straight Presidential elections with its candidate Danilo Medina, with 51.2% of the vote, against former President Hipólito Mejía, from the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD) who obtained 46.9% on these elections.

By 2016, the PLD will have retained the Presidency of the Dominican Republic for 16 out of the previous 20 years, and will become the only party in Dominican Republic to have attained this achievement in the country's democratic history, after the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo which lasted between 1930 until 1961.

Full members of the Political Committee[edit]

Member Admission Condition Age (as 02/13)
Euclides Gutiérrez Féliz 1973 Full member 76
José Joaquín Bidó Medina 1973 Full member 80
Felucho Jiménez 1978 Full member 63
Lidio Cadet 1982 Full member 80
Danilo Medina 1990 Full member 61
Leonel Fernández 1990 Full member 59
Juan Temístocles Montás 1990 Full member 62
Alejandrina Germán 1995 Full member 63
Eduardo Selman 1995 Full member 71
Jaime David Fernández Mirabal 1996 Full member 56
Reinaldo Pared Pérez 2000 Full member 56
Bautista Rojas Gómez 2001 Full member 61
Cristina Lizardo 2001 Full member 54
Francisco Javier García 2001 Full member 53
Franklin Almeyda 2001 Full member 70
José Tomás Pérez 2001 Full member 57
José Ramón Fadul 2001 Full member 60
Ramón Ventura Camejo 2001 Full member 59
Radhamés Segura 2001 Full member 63
Rafael Alburquerque 2004 Full member 72
Carlos Amarante Baret 2006 Full member 52
Alma Fernández 2006 Full member 62
Julio César Valentín 2006 Full member 46
Radhamés Camacho 2006 Full member 54

Temporary members of the Political Committee[edit]

Member Admission Reason Condition
Abel Martínez 2010 Elected President of Chambers of Deputies 40
Margarita Cedeño 2012 Elected Vice-President of the Republic 47

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dominican Liberation Party" is a mistranslation from Spanish to English since the party’s actual name is not Partido Liberación Dominicana but Partido de la Liberación Dominicana. The correct translation is Dominican Liberation’s Party or Party of the Dominican Liberation, rather than Dominican Liberation Party.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "La factibilidad política de las reformas del sector social en América Latina" (PDF). CEPAL, United Nations. p. 49.
  2. ^ "Busque sus Diputados". Cámara de Diputados de la República Dominicana. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c [1]