Dominican Liberation Party

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Dominican Liberation Party

Partido de la Liberación Dominicana
AbbreviationPLD
LeaderDanilo Medina
PresidentTemístocles Montás (Interim)
General SecretaryReinaldo Pared Pérez
FounderJuan Bosch
Founded15 December 1973; 46 years ago (1973-12-15)
Split fromDominican Revolutionary Party
HeadquartersIndependence Avenue 401, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
NewspaperVanguardia del Pueblo
IdeologyPopulism
Social democracy
Social liberalism
Dominican nationalism
Political positionCentre-left[1]
International affiliationSão Paulo Forum
Regional affiliationCOPPPAL
Colors         Violet and Yellow
Anthem
"Himno del Partido de la Liberacion Dominicana"
"Hymn of Dominican Liberation Party"
Chamber of Deputies[2]
106 / 190
Senate[3]
26 / 32
Mayors[3]
106 / 155
Central American Parliament[3]
10 / 20
Website
www.pld.org.do
Juan Bosch, first president of the Dominican Liberation Party (1973-2001)
Leonel Fernández, second president of the Dominican Liberation Party (2001-2019)

The Dominican Liberation Party[a] (Spanish: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana, PLD) is the current governing political party in the Dominican Republic. Founded in 1973 by former president Juan Bosch, the party, along with the Dominican Revolutionary Party, have dominated politics in the country since the establishment of democracy.

Overview[edit]

The party has been elected into office five times now, with Danilo Medina as current President of the Dominican Republic, in the 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 elections, though losing in 2000. In May 2006 the party and its allies gained control of both houses of Congress.

At the legislative elections, 16 May 2002, the party won 29.1% of the popular vote and 41 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential election of 16 May 2004, Leonel Fernández, won 57.1% of the vote.

Founded by Juan Bosch in 1973, the PLD originally was considerably to the left of Bosch's original party, the Dominican Revolutionary Party. Bosch ran for president as the party’s candidate several times, but did not win. Following Bosch’s retirement, Fernandez became the leader of the party and won the 1996 presidential elections after forming an alliance with Dr. Joaquín Balaguer, Bosch’s political enemy for over 30 years. He did not run for another term in 2000, but returned to the presidency in 2004. The party's logo is a yellow five-pointed star on a purple background.

In the 16 May 2006 legislative elections, the party led the Progressive Bloc, that won 96 out of 178 deputies and 22 out of 32 senators.

On May 16, 2008, presidential elections were carried and PLD candidate Leonel Fernández won 54%, defeating 7 other presidential candidates.

On May 16, 2010, congressional and municipal elections held, the Dominican Liberation Party won a majority of Senators (31 of 32) and Representatives, as well the largest number of mayors around the country.

On May 20, 2012 the PLD won its third straight Presidential elections with its candidate Danilo Medina, with 51.2% of the vote, against former President Hipólito Mejía, from the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD) who obtained 46.9% on these elections.

By 2016, the PLD will have retained the Presidency of the Dominican Republic for 16 out of the previous 20 years, and will become the only party in Dominican Republic to have attained this achievement in the country's democratic history, after the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo which lasted between 1930 until 1961.

Full members of the Political Committee[edit]

Member Admission Age (as 02/13)
Euclides Gutiérrez Féliz 1973 76
José Joaquín Bidó Medina 1973 80
Felucho Jiménez 1978 63
Lidio Cadet 1982 80
Danilo Medina 1990 61
Leonel Fernández 1990 59
Juan Temístocles Montás 1990 62
Alejandrina Germán 1995 63
Eduardo Selman 1995 71
Jaime David Fernández Mirabal 1996 56
Reinaldo Pared Pérez 2000 56
Bautista Rojas Gómez 2001 61
Cristina Lizardo 2001 54
Francisco Javier García 2001 53
Franklin Almeyda 2001 70
José Tomás Pérez 2001 57
José Ramón Fadul 2001 60
Ramón Ventura Camejo 2001 59
Radhamés Segura 2001 63
Rafael Alburquerque 2004 72
Carlos Amarante Baret 2006 52
Alma Fernández 2006 62
Julio César Valentín 2006 46
Radhamés Camacho 2006 54

Temporary members of the Political Committee[edit]

Member Admission Reason Age
Abel Martínez 2010 Elected President of Chambers of Deputies 40
Margarita Cedeño 2012 Elected Vice-President of the Republic 47

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
1978 Juan Bosch 18,375 1.1% - - Lost Red XN
1982 179,849 9.8% - - Lost Red XN
1986 378,881 18.4% - - Lost Red XN
1990 653,595 33.79% - - Lost Red XN
1994 395,653 13.1% - - Lost Red XN
1996 Leonel Fernández 1,130,523 38.9% 1,466,382 51.3% Elected Green tickY
2000 Danilo Medina 796,923 24.94% - - Lost Red XN
2004 Leonel Fernández 2,063,871 57.1% - - Elected Green tickY
2008 2,199,734 53.83% - - Elected Green tickY
2012 Danilo Medina 2,323,463 51.21% - - Elected Green tickY
2016 2,847,438 61.74% - - Elected Green tickY

Congressional elections[edit]

Election Votes % Chamber seats +/– Position Senate seats +/– Position
1978 18,565 1.1%
0 / 91
Steady Increase 3rd
0 / 27
Steady Increase 3rd
1982 174,464 9.7%
7 / 120
Increase 7 Steady 3rd
0 / 27
Steady Steady 3rd
1986 387,881 18.4%
16 / 120
Increase 9 Steady 3rd
2 / 30
Increase 2 Steady 3rd
1990 625,929 32.7%

in alliance with UD

44 / 120
Increase 28 Increase 2nd
12 / 30
Increase 10 Increase 2nd
1994 467,617 15.8%
13 / 120
Decrease 31 Decrease 3rd
1 / 30
Decrease 11 Decrease 3rd
1998 654,713 31.3%
49 / 149
Increase 36 Increase 2nd
4 / 30
Increase 3 Increase 2nd
2002 657,658 28.8%

in alliance with BIS and APD

41 / 150
Decrease 8 Steady 2nd
1 / 30
Decrease 3 Decrease 3rd
2006 1,387,878 46.4%

as part of the Progressive Bloc

96 / 178
Increase 55 Increase 1st
22 / 32
Increase 21 Increase 1st
2010 1,380,601 41.71%
93 / 183
Decrease 3 Steady 1st
28 / 32
Increase 6 Steady 1st
2016 1,794,325 41.79%
106 / 190
Increase 13 Steady 1st
26 / 32
Decrease 2 Steady 1st

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Dominican Liberation Party" is a mistranslation from Spanish to English since the party’s actual name is not Partido Liberación Dominicana but Partido de la Liberación Dominicana. The correct translation is Dominican Liberation’s Party or Party of the Dominican Liberation, rather than Dominican Liberation Party.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La factibilidad política de las reformas del sector social en América Latina" (PDF). CEPAL, United Nations. p. 49.
  2. ^ "Busque sus Diputados". Cámara de Diputados de la República Dominicana. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c [1]