Dominican Republic–Mexico relations

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Dominican Republic-Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Dominican Republic and Mexico

Dominican Republic


Dominican Republic–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Dominican Republic and Mexico. Both nations have over the years joined several multilateral forums and are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.


The Dominican Republic and Mexico are two Latin American nations that were once colonized by the Spanish empire. After both nations gained independence from Spain. In August 1886, Mexico appointed a resident consul in Santo Domingo. In March 1890, a treaty of 'Friendship, Navigation and Commerce' was signed between both nations.[1] On 29 March 1929, both nations officialy established diplomatic relations and in July of that year, both nations opened resident diplomatic legations in both nations capitals.[2]

Initial diplomatic relations between the two nations were unsteady due to several coup d'état, civil wars and foreign interventions; occurring in the Dominican Republic. From 1930-1938 and again in 1942 until his death in 1961; the Dominican Republic was ruled by President Rafael Trujillo. During this time period, relations between the two nations were cold at best. Mexico granted political asylum to several Dominican politicians and leading figures who were escaping persecuting in their country.[3] After the death of Trujillo in 1961, relations improved between the two nations. In 1963, President Juan Bosch became the first Dominican head-of-state to visit Mexico.

In April 1965, the United States government under President Lyndon B. Johnson feared that the Dominican Republic would turn into a 'second Cuba' after the assassination of Trujillo and sent in the marines to occupy the country.[4] Mexico vehemently condemned American occupation of the country and Mexico did not participate in the OAS contingency force to oversee events in the country. Soon after the election of President Joaquín Balaguer, American marines pulled out of the country in July 1966 and diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Dominican Republic returned to normal.[1] In 1982, President José López Portillo became the first Mexican head-of-state to pay an official visit to the Dominican Republic.[1] There have been several high-level visits between leaders of both nations.

Both nations are active member in multinational organizations and have committed themselves to strengthen the legal framework in areas of common interest such as commercial; social development; and the recovery and restitution of cultural property.[2]

State visits[edit]

President Danilo Medina attending the Ibero-American summit in Veracruz, Mexico; 2014.

Presidential visits from the Dominican Republic to Mexico[1][5]

Presidential visits from Mexico to the Dominican Republic

Bilateral agreements[edit]

Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as an Extradition Treaty; Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation; Agreement on Cultural Exchanges; Agreement on Touristic Cooperation; Agreement on Air Transportation; Agreement of Cooperation in Combating the Illicit Traffic, Abuse of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and related offenses; Agreement on Technical and Scientific Cooperation and a Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.[2]


There are direct flights between Punta Cana and Santo Domingo to Mexico City with Aeroméxico and Aeroméxico Connect.

Trade relations[edit]

Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Mexico City

In 2018, two-way trade between both nations amounted to $694 million USD.[6] The Dominican Republic's main exports to Mexico are electronic cutting devices and machinery. Mexico's main exports to the Caribbean nation are petroleum and steel.[7][8] The Dominican Republic is Mexico's 37th biggest trading partner globally while Mexico is the Dominican's Republic fourth biggest trading partner. Mexican companies in the Dominican Republic have invested more than $6.7 billion USD. Several Mexican multinational companies such as América Móvil, Cemex, Jumex and Sigma Alimentos operate in the Dominican Republic. Dominican companies have invested over $3.6 million USD in Mexico.[9][10]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]