Dominican Republic annexation referendum, 1870
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A referendum on annexation by the United States was held in the Dominican Republic on 19 February 1870. The proposal was approved by 99.93% of voters, although turnout was just 30%. However, the United States Senate rejected the annexation on 30 June 1870 with a 28–28 vote.
The Dominican Republic originally became independent from Haiti in 1844. However, in 1861 the country became part of Spain following an inflation crisis. In 1865 the country became independent again following the Restoration War.
By 1870 the country had significant debts caused by the ongoing civil war. President Buenaventura Báez planned on selling the Samaná Peninsula to the United States for $1.1 million, whilst US President Ulysses S. Grant wanted to annex the entire country. A treaty was signed between the two countries on 29 November 1869. The US would purchase the Dominican Republic for $1.5 million and would lease the Samaná Peninsula for $147,229.91 for 99 years.
On 16 February Báez ordered a referendum to be held in the form of a register. Eleven votes against were ordered so as to make the results seem plausible.
|Source: Direct Democracy|
- Dominican Republic: Integration with the USA Direct Democracy (German)
- The Senate's Role in Treaties United States Senate
- Hidalgo, Dennis (1997). "Charles Sumner and the Annexation of the Dominican Republic". ITINERARIO-LEIDEN. 21: 51–65.
- Polyné, Millery (2006). "Expansion Now!: Haiti," Santo Domingo," and Frederick Douglass at the Intersection of US and Caribbean Pan-Americanism". Caribbean Studies. 34 (2): 3–45.